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Victorian Doulton Lambeth Jug & Beakers   

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Victorian Doulton Lambeth Jug & Beakers

Victorian Doulton Lambeth Jug & Beakers

Doulton Lambeth Jug & Beakers


          

Victorian Hand Painted Porcelain Ewer   

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Victorian Hand Painted Porcelain Ewer

Victorian Hand Painted Porcelain Ewer


          

Victorian Porcelain Toby Jug   

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Victorian Porcelain Toby Jug

Victorian Porcelain Toby Jug

Victorian Porcelain Toby Jug  


          

Victorian Staffordshire Cow & Dairy Maid   

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Victorian Staffordshire Cow & Dairy Maid

Victorian Staffordshire Cow & Dairy Maid

Victorian Staffordshire Cow & Dairy Maid


          

Victorian Staffordshire Pottery Group   

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Victorian Staffordshire Pottery Group

Victorian Staffordshire Pottery Group

Victorian Staffordshire Pottery Group


          

Victorian Sunderland Pottery Plaque   

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Victorian Sunderland Pottery Plaque

Victorian Sunderland Pottery Plaque

Victorian Sunderland Pottery Plaque


          

Pair of Victorian Staffordshire Poodles   

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Pair of Victorian Staffordshire Poodles

Pair of Victorian Staffordshire Poodles

Pair of Victorian Staffordshire Poodles


          

The Burke and Wills Expedition – Part 8 – The Fate of John King and the Legacy of the VEE   

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In the final super-sized episode (part 8) of the Burke and Wills Expedition, we take a look at the fate of John King – the last unaccounted for member of the VEE. We then cover the aftermath of the expedition, and look at the legacy of Burke and Wills and Victorian Exploring Expedition. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

          

The Burke and Wills Expedition - Part 3 - Menindee   

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In part 3 of our series, the Victorian Exploring Expedition travels from Melbourne to the frontier outpost of Menindee on the Darling River. Along the way, the VEE will undergo a transformation as many key members will be fired (or resign), and others will join the company. Meanwhile, Robert Burke must dodge an arrest notice, criticism and his own ego to move the VEE forward. Map: https://Model.blue/splash/yzqddqdjqqOEK2Z_PLUS__SLASH_SBm_SLASH_d_PLUS_EAzUjJpXZD22VVGZaeekylRWuHm_PLUS_o6woUh4wuWRA5GUZUjtoTqujJNPBB19aBAK5rVwpMpYmWiwsDTk_SLASH_63tUXkOZJw_PLUS_vDn1WzYdzyeo3BPJvPhq22h9rAo9yCOPb27Q_EQUALS_EQUALS People and Places Robert O’Hara Burke – Leader of the Victorian Exploring Expedition (VEE) George Landells – Horse trader who brought 25 camels to Australia, and 2nd-in-command of the VEE. Fired upon reaching Menindee. William Wills – British surveyor and astronomer. Named 2nd-in-command of the expedition after the dismissal of George Landells. Victoria Exploring Expedition (VEE) – The official name of the expedition led by Robert Burke to cross the Australian continent. John McDouall Stuart – Scottish explorer who would be the chief competitor with the VEE to blaze a route across Australia. Hermann Beckler - German doctor and botanist. mega at Menindee, but stayed on.  Ludwig Becker - German geologist and naturalist. William Wright - Bushman who would join Burke at Menindee as a guide.  Georg von Neumayer - Professor and member of the Exploration Committee.  John King - 22-year old ex-soldier. Came from India with camels.  William Hodgkinson - Journalist who joined expedition at Swan Hill.  Cooper’s Creek – River in central Australia. It is about halfway across the continent if someone is traveling between Melbourne and Gulf of Carpentaria in the north. About 750 miles from Melbourne. Menindee - Most northerly outpost on the route of the VEE in their trek across Australia. About 400 miles from Melbourne. Gulf of Carpentaria - The most direct route from Victoria to the northern coast of Australia - roughly a 1500 mile journey across the continent. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

          

The Burke and Wills Expedition - Part 2 - Preparation and Departure   

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In part 2 of our series, Robert Burke and the Exploration Committee hire men for the Victorian Exploring Expedition (VEE), including William Wills - who will serve the expedition's surveyor, meteorologist, and astronomer. The VEE, consisting of 19 men, 26 camels, 23 horse, six wagons, and 200 tons of supplies, then prepares to depart Melbourne in August of 1860. The goal is to be the first men to cross the Australian continent. Key People and Places Robert O’Hara Burke – Leader of the Victorian Exploring Expedition (VEE). George Landells – Horse trader who brought 25 camels to Australia, and second-in-command of the VEE. William Wills – British surveyor and astronomer who was named as third-in-command of the VEE. Victoria Exploring Expedition (VEE) – The official name of the expedition led by Robert Burke to cross the Australian continent. John McDouall Stuart – Scottish explorer who is the chief competitor with the VEE to blaze a route across Australia. Hermann Beckler - German doctor and botanist. Ludwig Becker - German geologist and naturalist. Captain Francis Cadell - Steamship owner and member of the Exploration Committee. Offered to take the company's supplies by boat to Menindee.  Julia Matthews - 18 year old actress Burke had fallen in love with. Cooper’s Creek – River in central Australia. It is about halfway across the continent if someone is traveling between Melbourne and Gulf of Carpentaria in the north. About 750 miles from Melbourne. Menindee - Most northerly outpost on the route of the VEE in their trek across Australia. About 400 miles from Melbourne. Gulf of Carpentaria - The most direct route from Victoria to the northern coast of Australia - roughly a 1500 mile journey across the continent. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

          

The Burke and Wills Expedition - Part 5 - Across Australia   

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In part 5 of our series Robert Burke and William Wills lead a small contingent of men into the outback of Australia in an attempt to reach reach the north coast - and in the process become the first men to cross the continent. People and Places Robert O’Hara Burke – Leader of the Victorian Exploring Expedition (VEE) William Wills – British surveyor and astronomer. 2nd-in-command of the expedition. Victoria Exploring Expedition (VEE) – The official name of the expedition led by Robert Burke to cross the Australian continent. John McDouall Stuart – Scottish explorer who was the chief competitor with the VEE to blaze a route across Australia. Hermann Beckler – German doctor and botanist. Ludwig Becker – German geologist and naturalist. William Wright – Bushman who joined the VEE at Menindee. John King – 22-year old ex-soldier. Selected by Burke to be part of the contingent going to the north coast. Dick – Aboriginal Guide who accompanied Burke – and then Lyons – to the north. Thomas McDonough – VEE member who accompanied Burke and Wills to Cooper’s Creek. Charley Gray – VEE member who was selected to go with Burke and Wills to the north coast of Australia. Cooper’s Creek – River in central Australia. It is about halfway across the continent if someone is traveling between Melbourne and Gulf of Carpentaria in the north. About 750 miles from Melbourne. Menindee – Most northerly outpost on the route of the VEE in their trek across Australia. About 400 miles from Melbourne. Gulf of Carpentaria – The most direct route from Victoria to the northern coast of Australia – roughly a 1500 mile journey across the continent. Selwyn Range - Rugged mountain range in the interior of Australia that the expedition would need to cross. Find maps and reading resources at: https://Model.blue/splash/A71TGQlSkWxl7JNV6JBtkOMqW1Uu9gCBZU46U3wT09ekpyxFwBwKqr_PLUS_DuW6HG0INOznar2fc42brdlahlHMqWtJsJkeXPHKuqqa5_PLUS_4rGZbQ_EQUALS Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

          

The Burke and Wills Expedition - Part 6 - The Return   

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In part 6 of our series, Robert Burke and his comrades begin their journey from the northern coast of Australia to the depot at Cooper's Creek. They are low on supplies and their health is waning. Meanwhile, William Wright struggles to get the needed supplies to depot, where the health of William Brahe and his men is deteriorating. People and Places Robert O’Hara Burke – Leader of the Victorian Exploring Expedition (VEE) William Wills – British surveyor and astronomer. 2nd-in-command of the expedition. Victoria Exploring Expedition (VEE) – The official name of the expedition led by Robert Burke to cross the Australian continent. Hermann Beckler - German doctor and botanist. Ludwig Becker - German geologist and naturalist. William Wright - Bushman who joined the VEE at Menindee. Now leading the relief column to Cooper's Creek. John King - 22-year old ex-soldier. Selected by Burke to be part of the contingent going to the north coast. Thomas McDonough - VEE member who accompanied Burke and Wills to Cooper's Creek. Charley Gray - VEE member who was selected to go with Burke and Wills to the north coast of Australia.  Cooper’s Creek – River in central Australia. It is about halfway across the continent if someone is traveling between Melbourne and Gulf of Carpentaria in the north. About 750 miles from Melbourne. Menindee - Most northerly outpost on the route of the VEE in their trek across Australia. About 400 miles from Melbourne. Gulf of Carpentaria - The most direct route from Victoria to the northern coast of Australia - roughly a 1500 mile journey across the continent. Resources and links: https://Model.blue/splash/NrcOSDdmFbxmbS8gxQLoARkG6Vzfb0wjpsa5NgfZUx6qfbeJocnWvbHFdPVRcdjkpZbrXHn1AJnHSQhz1yadBHzMKFP3rE9g_SLASH_3DMNPUxbig_EQUALS Map: https://Model.blue/splash/ENf9l59pNPnydpRz2hCD8JDpzciP6H6ZFDd6CSTE4q0IrBRPKnJNfPz2W6d0a3DmORsE5vNv5eSXljCpoZcZ7Icl_SLASH_kDlX_SLASH_H_PLUS_WExbtjkQwFobmFPYMvXdvlf0e0zHCNPYWTdiWN6U7k3ahjGHz2EHVf1Vt_SLASH_Q3r3G4NYp7VCLuOqE_EQUALS Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

          

Visions of Philip K. Dick   

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Philip K. Dick is best known for his fiction that have been adapted to movies and TV shows like Blade Runner, Minority Report and Man in the High Castle. He wrote about multiple realities and fantastic worlds beyond the scope of our mundane everyday lives. But he also believed that he experienced one of those alternate realities in the winter of 1974. The problem is, he couldn't figure out which paranormal experience he had. Professor Richard Doyle, author Erik Davis and playwright Victoria Stewart discuss how one of the most influential science fiction authors of all time became a character in one of his own novels.Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

          

Don't Mess with the Fairies   

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Forget Tinkerbell or those Victorian paintings of spritely pixies with wings. Traditional fairy folklore is much darker and weirder. Irish storytellers Philip Byrne, Helena Byrne, Eddie Lenihan, and professor Martha Bayless explore how fairy folklore dominated Celtic culture for centuries, and why belief in fairies is not an unreasonable way of understanding the world. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

          

Imagining the Internet   

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We were promised flying cars but we got Twitter instead. That's the common complaint against science fiction writers and the visions of the future they presented us in the 20th century. But many sci-fi authors did envision something like the Internet and social media -- and we might be able to learn something about our time from the people who tried to imagine it. Cory Doctorow, Ada Palmer, Jo Walton and Arizona State University professor Ed Finn look at the cyberpunks and their predecessors, and artist Paul St. George talks about why he's fascinated by a Skype-like machine from the Victorian era. Featuring readings by Erik Bergmann.Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

          

The Burke and Wills Expedition - Part 1 - Australia, the Royal Society of Victoria and Robert Burke   

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The first episode in the Burke and Wills Expedition series provides background to the endeavor - which was an expedition to cross Australia in 1860-61. We are introduced to the organizers of the expedition - Royal Society of Victoria - and its eventual leader, Robert Burke. Key people and places Robert Burke - Irish police superintendent from Castlemaine. Will be named leader of the expedition. Royal Society of Victoria - aka The Society. Scientific society based in Melbourne. They will organize the expedition. Exploration Committee - The committee of the Society which oversaw the Burke and Wills Expedition. Victoria Exploring Expedition (VEE) - The official name of the expedition led by Robert Burke to cross the Australian continent. Sir William Stawell - Key member of the Exploration Committee, and Chief Justice of Victoria. John Macadam - Secretary of the Exploration Committee. John Bruce - Wealthy Australian businessman who supported Robert Burke's bid to lead the expedition. Peter Edgerton Warburton - aka Major Warburton - Police Commissioner of South Australia and candidate to lead the VEE. Gustov von Tempsky - Prussian adventurer and candidate to lead the VEE. George Landells - Horse trader who would bring 25 camels to Australia to be part of the upcoming expedition. Would later be named second-in-command of the VEE. Charles Sturt - British soldier who would explore Australia - discovering Cooper's Creek in 1844.  John McDouall Stuart - Scottish explorer who would be the chief competitor with the VEE to blaze a route across Australia.  Augustus Gregory - Explorer who had gone from Brisbane to Adelaide in 1858. He turned down the opportunity to lead the VEE, but recommended any expedition go to Cooper's Creek and set up a depot - and use it as a base for striking out to the north.  Cooper's Creek - River in central Australia. It is about halfway across the continent if someone is traveling between Melbourne and Gulf of Carpentaria in the north.  William Wills - British surveyor and astronomer who will eventually become the second-in-command of the VEE.  Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

          

The Burke and Wills Expedition - Part 7 - The Mount Hopeless Gamble   

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In Part 7 of our series, Burke, Wills and King make a desperate stab at making for Mount Hopeless. While much closer than Menindee, the three men do not know the way or have accurate directions. Meanwhile, Wright and Brahe meet up, and make for the depot at Cooper's Creek. In Melbourne, the calls for a search party grown louder and louder with each passing week. People and Places Robert O’Hara Burke – Leader of the Victorian Exploring Expedition (VEE) William Wills – British surveyor and astronomer. 2nd-in-command of the expedition. Victoria Exploring Expedition (VEE) – The official name of the expedition led by Robert Burke to cross the Australian continent. Hermann Beckler – German doctor and botanist. Ludwig Becker – German geologist and naturalist. William Wright – Bushman who joined the VEE at Menindee. Now leading the relief column to Cooper’s Creek. John King – 22-year old ex-soldier. Selected by Burke to be part of the contingent going to the north coast. Cooper’s Creek – River in central Australia. It is about halfway across the continent if someone is traveling between Melbourne and Gulf of Carpentaria in the north. About 750 miles from Melbourne. Menindee – Most northerly outpost on the route of the VEE in their trek across Australia. About 400 miles from Melbourne. Gulf of Carpentaria – The most direct route from Victoria to the northern coast of Australia – roughly a 1500 mile journey across the continent. Mount Hopeless - a cattle station about 150 miles southwest of the depot at Cooper's Creek. Alfred Howitt - English explorer and naturalist who will be hired by the Royal Society of Victoria to head north and find out what has happened to Robert Burke and his men. Links, resources and maps: https://Model.blue/splash/p9lUaBKDLQ8nHSMeW_SLASH_BNLRBvMCiBeXsoV2xrZOtJuplh2_PLUS_lwcufRzGenM8JCwiwUDpwICa6EDWahMEbn_SLASH_3Fk_PLUS_vCraam7t94YzU_SLASH_JS9zqtYY_EQUALS Map: https://Model.blue/splash/RmXqe_SLASH_SWfQiEO1U1Gu44TUmzmpIOGMaW_SLASH_qwh3msiUON9oPVZiskNd_SLASH_iumr8V49DnhmpwG9XMSDDWFR8r3APOwsSRnCWk9qyHEN_SLASH_j6D0tQ7penWy0Ll5YwISPD4SxPXy5tiBojigBj_SLASH_Gd7lHv6RPPUQz_PLUS_Stfuk_PLUS_HHvCPYS64yyYA_EQUALS Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

          

The Burke and Wills Expedition - Part 4 - Cooper's Creek   

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In part 4 of our series, Burke and Wills travel north to Cooper's Creek, where they establish a supply depot. Burke will spend a month scouting the area to the north, before finally departing for the north coast in mid-December. At Menindee, William Wright waits for money to buy more horses so he can haul all the supplies to Burke's new camp. Meanwhile, a policeman, Trooper Myles Lyons, strikes out for Cooper's Creek carrying dispatches for Burke. People and Places Robert O’Hara Burke – Leader of the Victorian Exploring Expedition (VEE) William Wills – British surveyor and astronomer. 2nd-in-command of the expedition. Victoria Exploring Expedition (VEE) – The official name of the expedition led by Robert Burke to cross the Australian continent. John McDouall Stuart – Scottish explorer who was the chief competitor with the VEE to blaze a route across Australia. Hermann Beckler - German doctor and botanist. Ludwig Becker - German geologist and naturalist. William Wright - Bushman who joined the VEE at Menindee.  John King - 22-year old ex-soldier. Selected by Burke to be part of the contingent going to the north coast. Trooper Myles Lyons - Policeman from Swan Hill bringing dispatches to Robert Burke.  Alexander McPherson - Saddler who would join Lyons and Dick in an attempt to reach Burke at Cooper's Creek. William Hodgkinson - Journalist who joined the expedition at Swan Hill. Dick - Aboriginal Guide who accompanied Burke - and then Lyons - to the north. Peter - Aboriginal Guide who accompanied Hermann Beckler to rescue Lyons and MacPherson. Thomas McDonough - VEE member who accompanied Burke and Wills to Cooper's Creek. Charley Gray - VEE member who was selected to go with Burke and Wills to the north coast of Australia.  Cooper’s Creek – River in central Australia. It is about halfway across the continent if someone is traveling between Melbourne and Gulf of Carpentaria in the north. About 750 miles from Melbourne. Menindee - Most northerly outpost on the route of the VEE in their trek across Australia. About 400 miles from Melbourne. Gulf of Carpentaria - The most direct route from Victoria to the northern coast of Australia - roughly a 1500 mile journey across the continent. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

          

In Defense of Captain Hook   

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Peter Pan is never supposed to grow up, but Illinois State University professor Karen Coats says the character has grown over time from a Victorian symbol of immaturity to a celebration of the inner-child. Either way, Captain Hook got a raw deal. He told me so himself over the phone. Featuring voice actor Erik Bergmann as a drunk-dialing Captain Hook, and actress Lily Dorment reading from the J.M. Barrie book.Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

          

1129 More than Just Friends (Victoria)   

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1129 More than Just Friends (Victoria)   

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Event Report: From Deep Fakes to Deep Space   

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Panelists Peter Singer, Clinton Watts, Ben Roberts, Victoria Samson, Deborah Peacock

The U.S. Government Accountability Office’s newly formed (2018) Center for Strategic Foresight held its inaugural conference September 10, 2019, focusing on the policy implications arising from two major trends: increased international activity in space and the weaponization of misinformation, particularly with the use of social media.

Deep Space

Center director Stephen Sanford served as moderator for the day’s discussions, beginning with the panel on space policy. He noted that more countries now have moon missions and that India, for instance, has demonstrated an ability to shoot down a low-Earth-orbiting satellite.

Deborah Peacock, president and CEO of Peacock Law, added that India’s and Israel’s lunar landers both crashed on the moon this year and that China has landed twice on the moon since 2013. While the general public seems unaware of these missions, it’s getting to be in the news more, she said. [Ed. note: See “For NASA contractors, lunar landing failures by Israel and India hit close to home,” Washington Post (September 15).]

Victoria Samson, Washington office director of Secure World Foundation, pointed out that more than 80 countries now have space assets and two dozen have launch capability. These are largely commercial enterprises rather than controlled by nation-states, so the key question is how nation-states bring commercial actors into policy discussions. Space has always been militarized, she said, but it now might become weaponized with “counterspace capabilities.”

Ben Roberts, vice president of government affairs for Moon Express, said the U.S. government will largely turn to the commercial sector to do the science and services for space development, such as robotics and lunar lander programs. Commercial programs are trying to become less dependent on government subsidies, and about 100 companies worldwide are set to launch constellations of smaller satellites, he said.

While the Federal Aviation Administration attempts to sort out regulation of these coming constellations, with perhaps thousands of objects launched at once, tracking the objects themselves will become a challenge, Samson observed. The problem of interacting with space debris is increasing, she said, and will become more dangerous as more humans go into space.

Such risks become more sinister when the “interactions” are intentional. As Samson noted, both the United States and Russia are developing their counterspace capabilities, and India performed an anti-satellite test in March. As with agreements regarding armed conflict, agreements regarding weaponization of space will only be as good as they are implemented, she said. “If relations are bad on the ground, they’re going to be bad in orbit.”

Deep Fakes

The second featured panel discussion focused on the weaponization of information and social media. The Internet began as a communications network, and then came the influences of commerce, politicking, and wars among various tribes, said Peter Singer, strategist and senior fellow of New America. Social media has “become a new mode of conflict itself,” he said, and efforts to drive ideas have real-world effects. The fact that the truth can be buried under a sea of lies, and that “virality trumps veracity,” is what gives deep fake its power, he said.

Clinton Watts, distinguished research fellow of the Foreign Policy Research Institute, defined “deep fake” as the insertion of misinformation or disinformation into inauthentic identities, noting that Russians have figured out both the technological hacking and the social engineering and manipulation involved. It works because deep fake plays to your biases. “Social media is a lethal weapon,” he said. “It’s a nuclear bomb in the information space.” Deep fakery weapons employed by China, for instance, enable censorship, coersion, and control of the network, creating a system “beyond what Orwell imagined,” Watts said.

The weapons of deep fake are now also in the hands of ordinary citizens, Singer noted, as disinformation campaigns have a low barrier of entry. Singer cited the Russia-like attacks that fans of Lady Gaga used against the film Venom, which was released the same day as A Star Is Born. He described it as an “astroturf movement”—the same as a grassroots movement, but fake. [Ed. note: See “Lady Gaga, ‘Venom’ and When Fandom Is Weaponized,” Hollywood Reporter (October 3, 2018).]

Fighting deep fake in the future should begin with governments agreeing not to use it, Watts said. There should be a system of verification, perhaps powered by blockchain, and “nutrition labeling” for information to help people make better decisions about social media.

Singer said cybersecurity is like public health, in that you’ll always have the problem but you learn how to manage risks. The First Amendment does not allow us to ban social media, he said, but we could invoke “the Blade Runner rule,” the right to know if something is fake, like the satirical news site The Onion. When 60% of people can’t tell the difference between a news story and an ad, you need to address both the technology problems and the social issues and risks. Treat the problem like a public health issue, he said.

Singer concluded that the deep fake problem is manageable, citing Estonia’s success in dealing with the threats while preserving its democracy. [Ed. note: See “Estonia is winning the cyber war against election meddling,” Quartz (March 28, 2019).] It tracks back to what kids are taught and to leaders who own up to the problem, he said.

Center for Strategic Foresight Fellows

The September 10 conference also served to introduce two of the Center’s 2019 Fellows: Brian Masterson, senior behavioral health medical director for UnitedHealth Group, and Octavio Hinojosa-Mier, executive director, National Hispanic Corporate Council. Other fellows are:

  • Rosemarie Forsythe, retired Exxon Mobil Corporation executive
  • Andy Hines, head of graduate studies in foresight and assistant professor and program coordinator of the graduate program in foresight at the University of Houston
  • Catarina “Cat” Tully, co-founder and director of the School of International Futures
  • Kristel Van der Elst, co-founder and CEO of The Global Foresight Group
  • Jens Wandel, special adviser to the secretary-general on reforms at the United Nations
  • Amy Webb, quantitative futurist and professor at New York University’s Stern School of Business
  • Angela Wilkinson, senior director of the World Energy Council.

For further information, see “Deep Space & Deep Fakes: New ‘Center for Strategic Foresight’ Launched” (GAO press release, September 10, 2019).

Appendix

Agenda, “From Deep Fakes to Deep Space: Policy Challenges for the Future,” September 10, 2019, Washington, D.C.

Welcome and Opening Remarks
Stephen Sanford (moderator), director, GAO Center for Strategic Foresight
Gene L. Dodaro, comptroller general of the United States

Panel on Space Policy
Deborah Peacock, president and CEO, Peacock Law
Victoria Samson, Washington office director, Secure World Foundation
Ben Roberts, vice president, government affairs, Moon Express

2019 Center Fellows Roundtable
Brian Masterson, senior behavioral health medical director, UnitedHealth Group
Octavio Hinojosa-Mier, executive director, National Hispanic Corporate Council

Panel on Deep Fakes
Peter Singer, strategist and senior fellow, New America
Clinton Watts, distinguished research fellow, Foreign Policy Research Institute

Keynote: The Future of Innovation in a World of Global Competition
Michael Crow, president, Arizona State University

The Role of Foresight in Government
James-Christian B. Blockwood, managing director, U.S. GAO Strategic Planning and External Liaison Office

About the Author
Cindy Wagner
is consulting editor of AAI Foresight Inc. and editor of Foresight Signals. She may be contacted at CynthiaGWagner@gmail.com.


          

Asimov y Sus Datos/ Acerca de Reinas   

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  1. El primer acto de la Reina Victoria de Inglaterra después de su coronación fue mudar su lecho del dormitorio de su madre.
  2. Una reina de Inglaterra que jamás vivió en ese país o siquiera lo visitó. Fue Berengaria, quien casó en 1191 con Ricardo I Corazón de León.
  3. Durante el reinado de Catalina I de Rusia (1725-1727), las reglas para las fiestas proclamaban que ningún caballero debía embriagarse antes de las 9, y ninguna dama a ninguna hora. La Princesa Isabel, hija de Catalina, y las otras damas jóvenes de la corte, se divertían en bailes de travestidos, lo que les permitía burlar esas reglas.
  4. La Princesa Jorge (sic) de Grecia y Dinamarca, nacida Princesa María Bonaparte, tía de la Reina Isabel II, de Inglaterra, pagó a los nazis un soborno, o rescate, de aproximadamente 20.000 libras esterlinas, que permitió que Sigmund Freud, a los 82 años, se trasladase, en 1938, de Austria a Inglaterra. Las autoridades de ocupación habían exigido el dinero, declarando falsamente que el psicoanalista debía impuestos sobre sus rentas y amenazando con la confiscación de la biblioteca y el archivo de Freud. El padre del psicoanálisis pagó a la princesa después de llegar a Inglaterra, habiendo podido sacar oro de Austria (también con su ayuda). Freud vivió 15 meses en Inglaterra antes de morir de cáncer. Continua...

          

Leyenda- Jack el destripador   

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Leyenda- Jack el destripador


Jack el Destripador comenzó su carrera probablemente el 31 de agosto de 1888. Aunque no hay certeza absoluta, ya que se duda si el asesinato de una mujer, también prostituta, el 6 de agosto de ese mismo año, y que respondía al nombre de Martha Tabram, fue también obra suya. En todo caso la policía no dio en su momento publicidad a este caso. Martha fue asesinada por un "largo y afilado cuchillo" entre las 2 y las 3 y media de la madrugada. De todas maneras el hecho de haber sido sorprendida en el mismo barrio de Whitechapel en un pub que todavía existe (El Ángel y la Corona), da motivos a la sospecha.

El primer crimen oficial, y el que reconocen todas las crónicas, es el del 31 de agosto de 1888, Mary Ann Nicholls (alias Polly), prostituta y alcohólica, que muere violentamente. Según el atestado forense "Las heridas infligidas a la víctima han sido hechas por persona experta, que hizo los cortes con absoluta precisión y limpieza".

El segundo crimen de la serie sucede el 8 de septiembre del mismo año. Annie Chapman (prostituta y alcohólica, como las demás) es asesinada de idéntica forma.
Justo en ese mes, el 27 de septiembre, la policía recibió la primera carta firmada por "Jack el destripador". Enviada a la Central News Agency, de Fleet Street y escrita con tinta roja (un detalle de humor negro), en ella se escribía: "No cejaré en mi tarea de destripar putas. Y lo seguiré haciendo hasta que me atrapen. El último trabajo salió bordado (...) Retengan esta carta, sin hacerla pública, hasta mi próximo trabajo (...) No les importe llamarme por mi nombre artístico".



Leyenda- Jack el destripador


Después de una larga lista de asesinatos, mutilaciones y crímenes, el 30 de septiembre, la policía recibe la segunda carta de Jack el destripador: "Mi querido jefe: ...Gracias por haber retenido mi carta anterior hasta este momento, en que de nuevo me he echado a la calle para trabajar"
El 9 de noviembre de 1888 Jack el Destripador se despide con el descuartizamiento de Marie Kelly, también prostituta y alcohólica. Fue muerta en su habitación que alquilaba en la calle Miller's Court nº 13 de Whitchapel. La mujer fue encontrada tendida de espaldas sobre su lecho, desnuda, con las orejas, la nariz y los senos arrancados. Analizando las fotos de la época se observó claramente escrito en una pared las iniciales "FM", estas letras encajaban perfectamente con las iniciales de la "fucking mother (puta madre)", como James Maybrick escribía en su supuesto diario, Florence Maybrick, supuesta mujer de éste.

En la época existieron muchas sospechas aunque ninguna fue demostrada. La más peligrosa (para el sistema social) fue la de que JacK no era otro que Edward, el duque de Clarence, hijo del rey Eduardo VII, que murió, a los 28 años, después de esta serie de asesinatos .
Sin conocer nunca quien fue el causante, la leyenda tiene asegurada una larga vida. A finales de 1991 se descubrió el diario de James Maybrick, el supuesto Destripador, donde se contenía información que sólo conocía la policía.


Misterio resuelto: Revelan la identidad de 'Jack el Destripador' 

La identidad de 'Jack el Destripador' ha desconcertado a criminólogos durante más de un siglo. Sin embargo, gracias a unas pruebas de ADN, por fin se conoce quién fue en realidad el asesino en serie más conocido de la historia.
En el año 1888 un hombre asesinó a cinco prostitutas en Londres y envió una carta a la Policía que firmó como 'Jack el Destripador'. Aficionados e investigadores han tratado durante años de determinar el nombre del asesino, pero tras 126 años de búsqueda, por fin se ha resuelto el misterio.

La persona que cometió los crímenes fue un polaco judío llamado Aaron Kosminski, que emigró a Londres, revela el diario británico 'The Daily Mail'.

Muestras de ADN de un chal

Las pruebas a unas muestras de ADN hallado en un chal que se encontró junto al cuerpo de Catherine Eddowes, una de las víctimas, han podido confirmar que Kosminski, uno de los seis sospechosos de los crímenes, era efectivamente 'Jack el Destripador'.

El empresario Russell Edwards compró la prenda en una subasta y con la ayuda de Jari Louhelainen, experto en análisis de material genético, hizo el histórico hallazgo.

Louhelainen consiguió extraer muestras de ADN del chal tras 126 años. Las comparó con el ADN de los descendientes y familiares de Eddowes y del sospechoso. Los resultados confirmaron que, sin lugar a dudas, la tela tenía restos de ambas personas.

¿Quién fue Aaron Kosminski?

Wikimedia

Kosminski nació en la localidad polaca de Kłodawa, perteneciente entonces al imperio ruso, y emigró en 1882 a Londres, donde trabajó de peluquero. Investigadores señalan que tenía 23 años cuando cometió los asesinatos y que era esquizofrénico. Fue internado en un centro psiquiátrico y murió allí a los 53 años.

Con el  misterio resuelto, quedan descartados el resto de los sospechosos de cometer los asesinatos, incluyendo a Lewis Carroll, autor de 'Alicia en el País de las Maravillas'; el príncipe Albert Víctor, nieto de la reina Victoria; o el pintor Walter Sickert.

Otras conjeturas

 
No es la primera vez que alguien afirma haber identificado al misterioso asesino que inspiró un gran número de obras de ficción. En 2011, el exdetective de homicidios británico Trevor Marriott reveló, tras una exhaustiva investigación, que el comerciante alemán Carl Feigenbaum habría sido en realidad ‘Jack el Destripador’.
Un año más tarde, en 2012, el matemático uruguayo Eduardo Cuitiño dijo que el autor de las matanzas fue Stephen Herbert Appleford, un cirujano con coeficiente intelectual superior a la media.


Se feliz.


          

Μάνα δεν σε κάνει ο τοκετός   

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Οκτώβριος του 1943 στη Ρώμη, ξημερώματα. Η Κιάρα Ροβέλο κατευθύνεται βιαστικά προς το γκέτο ειδοποιημένη από τον Τζενάρο, σύντροφό της σε μια οργάνωση αντίστασης. Γίνεται έτσι μάρτυρας του εκτοπισμού των τελευταίων Εβραίων της πόλης από τους Ναζί. Μια καλοντυμένη γυναίκα κατορθώνει να σπρώξει τον επτάχρονο γιο της έξω από το φορτηγό, στην αγκαλιά της Κιάρα. Το μόνο που προλαβαίνει να πει είναι το όνομά του: «Ντανιέλε Λεβί». Έτσι, η εικοσιεπτάχρονη Κιάρα, ορφανή από γονείς που σκοτώθηκαν σε βομβαρδισμό, με ένα νεκρό στον πόλεμο αρραβωνιαστικό και μια επιληπτική αδελφή, τη Σεσίλια, γίνεται μάνα. Αποφασίζει για την ασφάλεια του παιδιού να εγκαταλείψει την Ρώμη και να πάει στο οικογενειακό κτήμα, στη γιαγιά της. 1973, Ουαλία: Η Μαρία, τελειόφοιτη άριστη μαθήτρια, δίνει εισαγωγικές εξετάσεις. Τυχαία ανακαλύπτει ότι ο άντρας που τη μεγάλωνε τόσα χρόνια δεν είναι ο φυσικός της πατέρας, ότι η ίδια είναι ένα παιδί εκτός γάμου, καρπός του σύντομου έρωτα της μητέρας της με έναν Ιταλό. Το σοκ εκφράζεται με ανεξέλεγκτο θυμό. Θυμό προς τη μητέρα της, την οικογένειά της, τον ίδιο της τον εαυτό. Με τα λίγα στοιχεία που έχει, ένα τηλέφωνο κι ένα όνομα, προσπαθεί να έρθει σε επαφή με τον πραγματικό της πατέρα. Τελικά, μετά από ένα συμβιβασμό, θα γυρίσει στο σχολείο για να δώσει εξετάσεις, και οι γονείς της θα την αφήσουν να ταξιδέψει στην Ιταλία για να σπουδάσει τη γλώσσα. Στην πραγματικότητα, θέλει να βρει ό,τι περισσότερο μπορεί για τον πραγματικό της πατέρα. Αυτό το βιβλίο μιλάει για τη μητρική αγάπη. Μια αγάπη χωρίς όρους και όρια. Δεν είναι ανάγκη να γεννήσεις για να τη νιώσεις. Η Κιάρα δίνεται σε αυτό το παιδί ολοκληρωτικά. Θα του συγχωρήσει τα πάντα. Την απείθεια, τα ψέματα, την κλεψιά. Δεν θα διστάσει να εγκαταλείψει την αδελφή της σε γνωστούς — κάτι που θα την οδηγήσει στον θάνατο, όταν καταλάβει ότι ο Ντανιέλε κινδυνεύει από αυτή. Θα γυρίσει πίσω στην καθημαγμένη Ρώμη μαζί του και θα ριχτεί στον αγώνα της επιβίωσης. Θα γυρνούν στα αγαπημένα αξιοθέατα, εκεί όπου πήγαινε ο Ντανιέλε με τη μητέρα του, να της αφήνει σημειώματα μήπως εκείνη τα βρει εάν τυχόν επιστρέψει. Θα σπαράξει όταν ο Ντανιέλε μεγαλώνοντας μπλέξει με ναρκωτικά, και όταν θα εξαφανιστεί μην αφήνοντας ίχνος. Η Baily μάς δίνει μια σειρά από γυναικείους χαρακτήρες έξοχα σμιλεμένους. Η Κιάρα, η φίλη της και πρώην ερωμένη του πατέρα της Σιμόν, η Μαρία, η Σεσίλια, η μητριαρχική φιγούρα της Νόνα στο κτήμα —καθηλωμένη από τα γηρατειά στο κρεβάτι—, η λαϊκή υπηρέτρια Ασούντα με τη θυμοσοφία και τη θρησκοληψία της. Όλες τους αποτελούν ένα σύμπαν θαυμαστό και περίκλειστο. Οι άντρες, θαμποί, σχεδόν απόντες, κάνουν σποραδικά την εμφάνισή τους: ο καφετζής Τζάνι, ο Γκαμπριέλε, ο επιστάτης της Νόνας, ακόμα και ο φίλος της Κιάρα, ο ιερέας Αντόνιο, παρά τον σημαντικό ρόλο που ο τελευταίος έπαιξε στη ζωή του Ντανιέλε. Ίσως με αυτό τον τρόπο να θέλησε η συγγραφέας να αναδείξει τον απόλυτο πρωταγωνιστή του βιβλίου και ας είναι απών. Ο Ντανιέλε είναι ο ήλιος αυτού του σύμπαντος. Τα πάντα περιστρέφονται γύρω του. Όλες οι πράξεις γίνονται για αυτόν κι όλες οι σκέψεις τους είναι στραμμένες επάνω του. Τα κεφάλαια εναλλάσσονται χρονικά από το 1943 στο 1973. Από τον ζόφο του πολέμου στην ομορφιά της ειρήνης. Τα σκοτεινά κεφάλαια που ανήκουν στο παρελθόν περιέχουν μέσα σκηνές εφιαλτικές, που σε κυνηγούν αρκετές μέρες. Το ταξίδι με το τρένο από τη Ρώμη είναι συγκλονιστικό: Δεν νιώθει περιέργεια για το τρένο που μπαίνει στον σταθμό δίπλα στο δικό τους . Απλά βρίσκεται στη γραμμή του βλέμματός της. Κι αντιλαμβάνεται μια κίνηση στα κάγκελα του βαγονιού μπροστά της, κάτι ασπριδερό, που κουνιέται. Σμίγει τα φρύδια, να δει καλύτερα, και βλέπει πως είναι ένα χέρι, ένα αδύνατο ανθρώπινο χέρι που χωράει να βγει από τα κάγκελα. Πίσω από τα κάγκελα, το πρόσωπο μιας νέας γυναίκας. Το στόμα της είναι ανοιχτό σαν να φωνάζει, σαν να τραγουδάει μια και μόνη νότα, αλλά όποιος ήχος κι αν βγαίνει από μέσα της πνίγεται μέσα στο χαμό των μεταλλικών τροχών και στα σφυρίγματα και τα μουγκρητά του τρένου. Η Κιάρα κοιτάζει δεξιά-αριστερά της. Υπάρχουν κι άλλοι όρθιοι στον διάδρομο, όπως η ίδια. Αλλά μόνο ένας κοιτάζει έξω από το παράθυρο, σαν την ίδια — μια μεσόκοπη γυναίκα με σάλι και γκρίζο πανωφόρι. Στρέφεται και κοιτάζει την Κιάρα, έχει γουρλώσει τα μάτια, το στόμα της είναι ορθάνοιχτο, το πρόσωπό της έντρομο. Και είναι το ύφος αυτής της άλλης γυναίκας που βεβαιώνει την Κιάρα ότι δεν έχει παραισθήσεις. Τα κεφάλαια του 1973 έχουν μια γλυκόπικρη ομορφιά, σαν τις ιταλικές κομεντί. Μας παρουσιάζεται μια Ρώμη ηλιόλουστη και λαμπερή, όπως την έχουμε ονειρευτεί. Οι ήρωες δίνουν ραντεβού σε γνωστά αξιοθέατα, κάθονται σε μικρά χαριτωμένα καφέ, όπου εξυπηρετούνται από γραφικούς ιδιοκτήτες και σερβιτόρους, ψωνίζουν από πολύβουες και πολύχρωμες αγορές. Περπατούν σε γραφικά σοκάκια. Γύρω τους, όλοι είναι καλοδιάθετοι και κομψοί: Το βλέμμα του άντρα έπεσε στην Κιάρα κι αμέσως τίναξε το κεφάλι του ελαφρά προς τα πίσω, ξαφνιασμένος. Συνειδητοποίησε τότε εκείνη πως με το άλλο της χέρι, με αυτό που δεν κρατούσε το κεφάλι της στη θέση του, είχε σηκώσει τα δυο της δάχτυλα τεντωμένα στα χείλια της σαν να κάπνιζε. Πριν προλάβει να τραβηχτεί μέσα στην κάμαρά της, εκείνος μιμήθηκε τη χειρονομία της. Του απάντησε με ένα μικρό νεύμα και του κούνησε το μεσιανό δάχτυλο, ελπίζοντας πως θα θεωρούσε αυτή την κίνηση συγκατάθεση. Εκείνος χάθηκε για μια στιγμή από το παράθυρο, ύστερα εμφανίστηκε ξανά κρατώντας ένα τσιγάρο, που το πέταξε με κέφι προς το μέρος της. Μέσα σε αυτή τη γιορτινή ατμόσφαιρα η Κιάρα και η Μαρία αναζητούν η καθεμιά τους το δικό της ιερό Γκράαλ. Η πρώτη τη λύτρωση, η δεύτερη την ταυτότητά της. Η συγγραφέας επέλεξε να πει την ιστορία της απλά. Η γραφή της, θα έλεγε κάποιος, είναι κάπως παλιομοδίτικη. Ίσως όχι αρκετά «λογοτεχνική» για τη μόδα της εποχής. Δεν χρησιμοποίησε κάποιο από τα τερτίπια της σύγχρονης λογοτεχνίας. Σου λέει την ιστορία της όπως θα σου την έλεγε ένας φίλος όταν θα βγαίνατε για καφέ. Κι έχει δίκιο. Σε αυτό το βιβλίο οτιδήποτε άλλο από αυτό θα φάνταζε περιττό και αταίριαστο. Ωραία, στρωτή μετάφραση της Μαρίας Αγγελίδου, μας μεταφέρει μέσα στην ατμόσφαιρα του βιβλίου. Εμπνευσμένο για μια ακόμα φορά το εξώφυλλο του Χρήστου Κούρτογλου.  

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