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Democratic candidates weigh in on issues in two county legislative races   


GUILDERLAND — On June 25, Democrats are vying for the party line in two Guilderland districts — 30 and 32 — for seats in the Albany County Legislature.

In District 30, in the Westmere area of Guilderland, Dustin Reidy and Stephen Wickham are battling for the Democratic line.

Bryan Clenahan stepped down from representing District 30 a year before his term was up, to become a Guilderland town justice. Charles D. Cahill Jr. was appointed in his place but is not running.

In District 32, incumbent Paul Miller is vying with Mickey Cleary. District 32 covers the McKownville area of Guilderland and continues to the area around Dr. Shaw Road.

Cleary told The Enterprise that he decided to run because Miller wasn’t, and that Miller helped him start his campaign. Miller confirmed he had told the Guilderland Democratic chairman he would not be running.

“My stepson was very sick over the summer,” he explained. But, when his stepson’s condition improved, he decided he would run after all, Miller said. By then, Cleary said, he was already invested in his own campaign.

The Enterprise asked all four candidates about their relevant background and reasons for running as well as about these issues:

— Paid sick leave: Earlier this month, 11 Democrats joined 10 Republicans to vote down, 21 to 17, a proposed law that would have required Albany County employers to provide paid sick time to their workers. If this law is proposed again, perhaps in another form, would you back it? Why or why not? If you think it needs modification, what changes would you make?

— Nanny county: The Albany County Legislature has passed laws to regulate toxic toys and Styrofoam restaurant containers, to ban tiny plastic beads in cosmetics, to forbid the sale of tobacco and other nicotine products in pharmacies, and to ban smoking in county parks.

Are these measures worthwhile? Are they enforceable? Should they be legislated on a county level?

— Suburban poverty: Last year, 18 percent of Guilderland students came from poverty; that’s up from 5 percent a decade ago. Suburban poverty is more hidden than urban and rural poverty, and because of the spread-out nature of suburbs, often without public transportation, it is difficult for poor suburbanites to access centered city services.

What is being or should be done in Albany County to help the suburban poor?

— Opioids: While Albany County continues to pursue legal action against pharmaceutical companies involved in the opioid crisis, overdoses and addiction continue in Guilderland and elsewhere in the county.

The Sheriff’s Heroin Addiction Recovery Program, known as SHARP, has reduced re-incarceration by 28 percent for those who participated in the treatment program at Albany County’s jail, but the number of participants is small.

What is being done at the county level to prevent addiction in the first place and to deal with the crimes that often follow, and what more should be done?





District 30:  Wickham and Reidy

GUILDERLAND — Two newcomers, Steven D. Wickham and Dustin M. Reidy, are vying to become the Democratic candidate for the District 30 legislative seat that opened when Bryan Clenahan left on the last day of 2018 to become a Guilderland Town Justice, with one year remaining in his term.

Wickham has the endorsement of his legislative district committee.

Clenahan’s term is being filled out by Charles D. Cahill Jr., who is not running for re-election.

Legislative District 30 represents Westmere. Only enrolled Democrats who live in the district can vote in the primary. Democrats in the district make up almost one-quarter of the eligible Democrats in Guilderland.

Wickham is managing partner with his wife of Wickwood, LLC and, doing business as Wickwood Marketing, works full-time providing website design, development and management services, marketing services, and consulting to clients. He also provides coaching and publishing services to authors who wish to self-publish.

Wickham, 51, served on the Guilderland Conservation Advisory Council from 2009 through 2013 and was a founding member of the Guilderland Neighbors for Peace, which held protests for years at the corner of routes 20 and 155 against the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. He has been vice president and board director since 2013 of Blue Ribbon Campaign Inc., a not-for-profit corporation that seeks to raise public awareness of environmental issues and to preserve healthy ecosystems.

Dustin M. Reidy has worked in issue advocacy and has helped manage and run voter outreach and election campaigns. In 2008, he helped start Albany for Obama, an all -volunteer campaign for Barack Obama. Reidy founded NY19Votes after the 2016 election to help bring together and train new activists that formed through the Women’s March and Indivisible movement.

The goal of NY19Votes was to show new volunteers and groups how to win elections at the local and state levels while laying groundwork to replace Republican John Faso in New York’s 19th Congressional District; Reidy has said that NY19Votes was a “big part” of helping Democrat Antonio Delgado win in November 2019 and flip the district.

Reidy, 39, served as campaign manager to Democrat Pat Strong in her unsuccessful bid last year to unseat Republican incumbent George Amedore in the State Senate’s District 46. Strong carried Guilderland and received 42 percent of the vote to Amedore’s 55 percent.

Both Wickham and Reidy said that they would back the recently defeated Paid Sick Leave Act.

Wickham said he was a strong supporter of the act and that he thought there were a couple of things that could make it better. The act would have required companies with five or more employees to provide paid sick leave; Wickham said he never saw any research into how that number was selected. He said five might be too small, and that 10 or more might be a better threshold.

Wickham also said that the small businesses he had worked for in the past had not had sufficient redundancy to be able to cover the workload of employees who call in sick. He also said that the way that the law would apply to companies that do part of their work outside the county should be clarified.

Reidy, meanwhile, said that he “would back it, sponsor it, advocate for it.” He called the act a “very modest step in the right direction to support working families in Albany County” and said that it is not only the right thing to do but also makes sense economically.

Reidy said that businesses lose money when their workers do not take care of their health and when they go to work while sick instead of going to the doctor, and spread illness at the workplace. Like Wickham, Reidy said that perhaps the threshold of five employees could be raised. Reidy suggested a longer phasing-in process as another possible modification, but emphasized that he is in favor of the bill “as it is right now.”

On the issue of whether Albany County is acting and should act as a “nanny county,” Wickham and Reidy both said that the measures passed so far — such as regulating toxic toys, banning Styrofoam restaurant containers, and banning smoking in county parks — are worthwhile, enforceable, and appropriate initiatives for the county to take.

“Some of them deal directly with pollution, and that is something I think we need to aggressively confront,” said Wickham.The ban on smoking in public parks was worthwhile “to curb people who smoke in public places and protect those who have to breathe the air,” he said.

Wickham said that all of these initiatives were done in other counties prior to being passed in Albany County and observed that dire predictions about what would happen if they were passed had not come true anywhere. The “same type of arguments,” he said, warning of “the collapse of the economy,” were offered by opponents of the Paid Sick Leave Act; he said no such collapse has occurred in other locales in the state where paid sick leave has been enacted.

Reidy, too, called these measures “worthwhile and enforceable on a county level.” He added, “Here in upstate New York, we’re not that far away from Hoosick Falls,” referring to a town in Rensselaer County where the water supply was found to be contaminated with levels of PFOA, or perfluorooctanoic acid, far exceeding those deemed safe by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and state health officials

Reidy added that the county should take all the measures it can to fight climate change and said, “I think we should be proud that we’ve led the way in some of these pieces of legislation.”

Wickham pointed to increasing how far public transportation extends and how often it runs as an initiative the county could take to help address suburban poverty in Guilderland. The county should also, he said, help ensure that affordable housing is developed in Guilderland.

“There’s affordable housing in the city and a lot in rural areas beyond Guilderland, and with all the development we’re doing in Guilderland, we should be sure that there’s some affordable housing as well,” Wickham said.

He pointed to programs in Denver, Colorado; Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Salt Lake City, Utah that he said could serve as models for developing affordable housing. Wickham also said the county might help with ensuring there are more affordable programs for kids, particularly during the summer months when school is out.

Reidy said the county should look at strengthening public transportation along Western Avenue. He voted in May for the Guilderland Public Library’s bond project to expand and improve the library, he said; if the town’s lower-income residents are unable to get to it because buses are infrequent and they don’t have cars, “it kind of defeats the purpose,” he said.

He wondered if a scooter ride-share program of the type seen in various cities might work in Guilderland, or if the Capital District Transportation Authority’s bike-sharing program could be extended from Albany to Guilderland.

Reidy said that, as he has been knocking on doors throughout Westmere, he has heard from residents that many roads are very dangerous for walkers in the morning or evening rush hours, naming as examples Fletcher Road, Venezio Avenue, and Van Wie Terrace, where, he said, “You need to keep your head on a swivel.”

Both Wickham and Reidy named the Chatham Cares For You program as a model for what more can be done to help those struggling with addiction. Established by Chatham Police Chief Peter Volkmann, Chatham Cares For You aims to get people with substance-abuse issues into treatment and recovery programs rather than into the criminal-justice system.

Wickham said that some places have had success creating programs that offer “safe places to use drugs without fear of arrest, and that leads to treatment.” He emphasized the need for creative solutions.

Reidy said, “We need to do everything to treat opioids as the public-health and humanitarian crisis that it is, instead of a criminal-justice issue.” He is in favor of anything that brings more treatment options, he said, including more training in the use of Narcan, a fast-acting drug that can be administered to reverse an opioid overdose.

“A lot of people get major surgeries and they are prescribed hydrocodone, and getting addicted to that is a perfectly natural human response,” Reidy said, adding that people on both sides of his family have lost battles with addiction.




District 32: Mickey Cleary

GUILDERLAND — Mickey Cleary, who has spent his career in public administration, is making his first run for office, to represent District 32 where he has lived since 1991.

“I raised my kids here,” he said.

Cleary, 57, a lifelong town resident, has been a Guilderland Democratic committeeman for 28 years, he said. He graduated from Guilderland High School and went on to get a degree in business administration from the State University of New York College at New Paltz.

He has been a member of the Guilderland Planning board for 18 years and, after working for the majority office at the county legislature and in the county executive’s office, currently works in operations for the state’s Office of Court Administration.

“We support the state courts,” he said.

“The reason I decided to run is because all the committee people wanted me to run when Paul Miller stepped down last September ... Paul helped me set up … then Paul got back in,” he said.

Asked about his goals, Cleary said he wants to “bring new and transparent representation to the 32nd District.” He also said he was a big supporter of veterans.

“I’ve done a lot with drug-treatment courts in my job and I believe they are very important,” he said.

Cleary concluded, “I want to be able to work with local officials in town … to see what we can do as a county to help the town, and to work with the state to get funds … I’m looking to help out the residents of the 32nd District and Albany County with my energy and openness.”

On paid sick leave, Cleary said he read the bill that was defeated this month and that he would have voted in favor of it had he been in the legislature.

As far as items like regulating sale of tobacco products or banning Styrofoam containers or toys with toxins, Cleary said, “I believe they should be legislated on the state level … Most if not all,” he said of the items listed by The Enterprise “are very good.”

But, he said, the county needs to be on a level playing ground. Cleary said that, if requirements are put in place that are costly for businesses, they may well move or set up elsewhere. This wouldn’t happen, he noted, if regulations were set by the state rather than by the county.

About suburban poverty, Cleary said that there needs to be “more outreach and publicity about it so the people that need it know where it is and can access it,” he said of services.

Cleary went on, about the figure from the State Education Department for “economically disadvantaged” students in the Guilderland schools — 878 out of 4,814 — “Eighteen percent is a high number in the town of Guilderland.”

He concluded, “Getting it out there … That’s what needs to be done.”

On dealing with the opioid crisis, Cleary said, “I’m a big proponent of drug-treatment court.” He noted that locally such programs are available in Albany Family Court, in Albany City Court, and in Albany County Court.

He said, “The county supports drug courts. They put in the public defender, the district attorney, the police officers. They provide treatment.”

Cleary also “very much supports” the “separate track for veterans,” he said, offering veterans in drug court mentors and other aid.

“The problem with opiates is people are dying from them,” said Cleary. “It’s not like the drug of choice four or five years ago when people are addicted and they’re committing crimes because of that. With opiates, people are dying,” he stressed again.

While, he said, the sheriff is doing a “great job” with the SHARP program and drug courts offer “great programs,” an opiate court is needed because those who come before the bench “get arraigned and go right to treatment … ,” Cleary said, “so they don’t overdose and die.”

He compared that to the drug court where, he said, “It takes a week or two to get assessed and into the program.” Cleary went on, “It’s hard because you’ve got to get them to buy into it and want to do it …

“Just like drug courts, when you have a felony over someone’s head instead of a misdemeanor, it’s a bigger hammer.”

Cleary said the state has given out grants — starting in big cities like New York, Buffalo, and Rochester — to plan for opioid courts. But the impetus, he said, can come from the ground up, and he’d like to see Albany County pursue it. He noted the county would have to work with the courts.

“It’s definitely something you want in Albany County,” he concluded of courts of opioid addicts.



District 32: Paul Miller

GUILDERLAND — In his four years in the Albany County Legislature, Paul Miller is proudest of the three bills he sponsored, which were passed into law, to protect people from tobacco.

“Some of my relatives passed away from cancer recently,” Miller said, explaining his motivation for sponsoring the bills.

He added that constituent Carol Waterman, who has been “involved in the crusade for years,” involved him, too.

The bill that passed during Miller’s first year in the legislature raised the age for buying tobacco products from 18 to 21; Miller notes that the Albany County law predated the state law. The other two laws forbid smoking in county parks and ban the sale of tobacco products in pharmacies.

Miller is currently working on a bill to “protect kids from vaping,” he said.

Miller, 65, has lived in Guilderland all his life, graduating from Guilderland High School before earning a degree in public accounting from the University at Albany. He worked for the state’s Department of Labor for 34 years before retiring.

Miller joined the North Bethlehem Fire Department, which serves parts of Guilderland and Bethlehem, when he was 15 and has been an active member for 50 years. He noted that, last Thursday, he helped fight the fire at the Meadowbrook apartment complex in Bethlehem from 2 in the morning till 3 in the afternoon.

An Eagle Scout, Miller leads Troop 2 in Albany; he notes that he was formerly a scoutmaster for Guilderland’s Troop 24 but the troop’s meeting night was the same as his fire department’s meeting night.

Miller also volunteers at a soup kitchen, for the military service room at the county airport, and as a member of the Albany County Agriculture and Farmland Protection Board, he said.

Miller was a sponsor of the recently defeated paid-sick-leave bill and voted in favor of it. “I worked for the state for 34 years and always had paid sick leave,” he said. “I thought it wouldn’t be fair for others not to have it.”

Miller also said he was swayed by people who spoke at the hearing, stating how hard it was for them and their children not to have paid sick leave when they needed it. Also, he noted, people in food-service jobs and other jobs can spread infection by not staying home when they are sick but may feel forced to come to work anyway because they need the pay.

“Before we do it again,” he said of putting up another bill, “it needs some amendments. People won’t change their minds.”

He suggested perhaps “phasing it in, like we did with the Styrofoam bill, starting with the bigger restaurants first.” This would mean first requiring businesses with a lot of employees to provide paid sick leave.

“We need to sit down with the opposition and come up with common ground,” Miller concluded.

On Albany being considered a “nanny county” by some, Miller said, “Some of those things are not easily enforceable.”

But others, he said, are. “The tobacco ban in pharmacies is enforceable,” he said. “I went to stores to be sure it was done. If it weren’t, I would have called the health department, and others would have, too.”

Miller said that it would be harder to enforce the ban on sales of toxic toys because testing would be needed. “We don’t want kids to have poisonous toys,” he said.

Miller went on to say that some of the county measures have since been adopted statewide and are even considered universal. By way of example, he said that, when Albany County first raised the age for purchasing tobacco products, detractors said youth would simply go to other counties to purchase cigarettes. But then, he noted, age 21 became required statewide.

“Right now, we’re trying to ban vaping products,” said Miller. “People have told me it’s the parents’ responsibility, but obviously, that’s not working.”

About suburban poverty, Miller said, “Albany County has a lot of programs already in place.” Pressed for details, he named “food programs to feed the poor, soup kitchens, and rural food pantries.”

Miller also noted that, although not run by the county, school lunch programs sustain children who otherwise might go hungry.

Miller concluded, “In some cases, people don’t want to make themselves known. They’re too proud to say they need help … It’s unfortunate.”

On the opioid crisis, Miller said, “We also have Drug Court at the county and city level … to get people in treatment programs and not incarcerated.”

Miller said he regularly attends the graduation ceremonies for these programs. “My wife makes brownies for them,” he said.

Miller went on, “We got grant funding for Vet Trak, sponsored by the Tri-County Council Vietnam Era Veterans.” This program, he said, provides “mentors for people in legal trouble, with drugs or drinking. It sees them through it.”


Dairy Farmers and the Super Bowl: Creating a Legacy   


Dairy Farmers and the Super Bowl: Creating a Legacy

By Alexandra Larson, Registered Dietitian, Midwest Dairy Association

When you think about marketing surrounding a Super Bowl, it’s likely your first thoughts are of the ultra-expensive advertisements. Dairy farmers aren’t buying any of those ads these days, but the Super Bowl is certainly on the list of opportunities to spread the word about dairy.
At this year’s Super Bowl in Texas, a student from Kansas had the experience of a lifetime. She was the National Football League’s (NFL) Play 60 Super Kid, and her path to the honor was provided by dairy farmers.
Sophie, a middle school student from Olathe, Kansas, was active in Fuel Up to Play 60, the dairy checkoff’s partnership with the NFL to help kids eat healthy, including dairy, and be active 60 minutes each day. She joined her school’s student team, became a State Student Ambassador, entered the Super Kid contest – and won! She spent time at the Super Bowl interviewing players, was featured on Good Morning America and spoke at an NFL Womens’ Summit during the event.
Fuel Up to Play 60, through the support of dairy farmers, is developing young leaders and lifelong dairy consumers like Sophie all over the country.
Fast forward to plans for the Super Bowl in Minnesota in 2018. Midwest Dairy Association is working closely with the Minnesota Super Bowl Host Committee (MSBHC) to provide a legacy that will last far beyond the big game next February. Dairy farmers have contributed to the committee’s Legacy Fund, which is awarding Super School Breakfast grants to schools in 52 communities across Minnesota leading up to Super Bowl LII.  
The funds will help make sure the Super Bowl positively impacts kids, helping them build healthy habits that include consuming dairy. Milk is offered with every school breakfast, and often cheese or yogurt is included as well. Breakfast is good for students, and for dairy farmers.
The Food Action Research Council (FRAC) reports that more than 140,000 students in Minnesota who are eligible for free and reduced school meals take advantage of lunch, but not breakfast programs. While the dairy checkoff has been working to expand breakfast as part of its Fuel Up to Play 60 program, this new initiative with the MSBHC will help to provide equipment and materials to help schools serve breakfast outside the cafeteria.
Allowing students to take breakfast to their class increases participation and helps remove the stigma associated with students reporting to the cafeteria to receive a free or reduced meal. Students who participate in school breakfast also show improved attendance, behavior and decreased tardiness.  
Want to learn more about this great program? Visit and follow @mnsuperbowl2018 on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Snapchat. And when next year’s Super Bowl rolls around, know that dairy was indeed an important part of the big event.

Alexandra Larson is a registered and licensed dietitian with a masters degree, who serves as a health and wellness program manager for Midwest Dairy Association, which manages the dairy checkoff for 10 Midwest states. She is based in Rochester, Minnesota.  



Published : 02/22/2017 - 1:00pm




More on cooking   


In the mid-sixties we lived in Rochester NY for 8 years. It was a great experience because we were in the midst of an early wave of progressive causes. One of these was the co-op movement that we joined and … Continue reading


U.S and E.U Trade Relations: the French Example   


04/26/2016 - 4:00pm
Multipurpose Room (B-108C) at the WT Young Library
Speaker(s) / Presenter(s): 
Eric Beaty, Economic and Commercial Attaché, United States Consulate for Western France


Eric Beaty – Economic and Commercial Attaché
United States Consulate for Western France

Born in Sapulpa, Oklahoma on October 21, 1958, Eric Beaty grew up in Nacogdoches, Texas.  He graduated from Nacogdoches High School in 1976 and did his undergraduate studies at Stephen F. Austin University in Nacogdoches, earning a B.A. (Cum Laude - 1979) with a double major in French and German and a minor in history.  He went on to earn an M.A. in French literature at Rice University in Houston, Texas (1982).  Later, Beaty received an Msc. in Linguistics from Aston University in Birmingham, U.K. (1996).

Beaty began his career at the University of Rennes 2, France in 1981 as a lecturer in American studies.  He then worked as the assistant director of courses at two Chambers of Commerce in France.  In 1986, Beaty became the executive director of a bi-national center known as the Franco-American Institute, an organization created by Rennes City Hall, the U.S. Embassy in Paris and Rochester, N.Y. City Hall in 1961. 

In 1999, Beaty was instrumental in setting up the United States Consulate for Western France. He was hired in 2000 by the U.S. State Department that same year as the Economic and Commercial Attaché. 

Beaty has participated in the organization of 14 White House visits and 36 congressional delegation visits.  He has chaired the Rennes-Rochester, N.Y. sister-city relationship since 1986.   He is on the board of the University of Rennes 2.  Beaty has received 18 meritorious and superior service awards from the White House, the U.S. State Department and the U.S. Department of Commerce.  Beaty received a National Export Initiative award for his export success stories in 2011.   



The Burbs: Natural History…   


Sometimes you just want to be out in nature; fortunately the metro area has plenty of options. Today we’ll enjoy the beauty of nature and explore some amazing local history in the Shelby Twp, Rochester area. Our journey begins at River Bends Park, covering nearly 800 acres the park offers ball fields, soccer fields, trails […]


Ride to Summer's End with US - Cream City Century Classic 2009   


A bicycle tour of scenic Southwest Racine and Walworth County back roads is planned for Sunday, August 30, 2009.  The Cream City Century Classic draws over 500 bicyclists from Wisconsin and northern Illinois.  There 30, 56, 78, and 100 mile routes to choose from.  This is a family-friendly event for riders of all ages.  Local riders are encouraged to join us for this fun event.  The ride begins in Waterford and has routes that travel through Rochester, Lyons, Elkhorn, Spring Prairie, La Grange, and East Troy.  At the end of the tour, there are shower facilities available and a spaghetti dinner provided by the Waterford High School Band Booster Club is included with the registration fee.  Riders will have rest stops with homemade treats and are supported by "sag vehicles" if assistance is needed.  This is a fund-raiser for the club and the Waterford Band Boosters.  The Cream City Cycle Club is an active supporter of the Boys and Girls Club.  Participants should plan on carrying the basics: a water bottle, sun screen, a spare tube and helmets are highly recommended.  The ride includes rolling and hilly terrain with some steeper climbs on the 100 mile route.


Nők, akik nélkül ma más lenne a világ   


A történelemkönyvekben java részt férfiak szerepelnek, és gyakran megfeledkezünk olyan emberekről (nőkről), akik oktatást biztosítottak minden lánynak, akik kiharcolták a nők választójogát, akik egyenjogúságot teremtettek (és teremtenek) a két nem között.

Abigail Adams (1744-1818)

Abigail Smith-ként született 1744-ben Massachusets államban. Mind anyai, mind apai ágon ismert, tehetős felmenőkkel rendelkezett. Főképp édesapja, akinek szülei a helyi egyházközösség vezetői voltak, szorgalmazta, hogy Abigail eljárjon az egyházközösség könyvtárába, minél jobban tanuljon meg írni, olvasni, utóbbi kedvenc időtöltésévé vált. Főképp drámát, politikaelméleti és költészetet szerette. Férjül John Adamshez ment, aki az Amerikai Egyesült Államok első alelnöke és második elnöke volt. Tíz év alatt hat gyermeket hozott a világra Abigail, közülük pedig John Quincy Adams a 19. század közepe felé az Egyesült Államok hatodik elnöke lett. 

Mikor John Adams a Kontinentális Kongresszus tagja volt, akkor távollétükben sokat leveleztek Abigaillel, melyek tökéletes írásos források. A levelekben nem csak szerelmükről, hanem az akkor zajló függetlenségi háborúról és a nők helyzetéről is szó volt. John egyenlő partnerként tekinthette feleségét, hisz komolyabb politikai ügyekben Abigail véleményét is kikérte.

Mikor eljutott hozzá a hír, hogy kikiáltották az USA függetlenségét, levelet írt az akkor Philadelphiában tartózkodó férjének, melyben a nőjogokra hívja fel a figyelmét:

"az új törvénykönyvben, amelyet nyilvánvalóan most szükségszerű lesz megírni, kérem, hogy emlékezzenek meg a Hölgyekről, és legyenek nagylelkűbbek és kedvezőbbek velünk, mint az elődeik voltak. Ne adjanak ilyen korlátlan hatalmat a férjeknek. Vegyék figyelembe, hogy minden férfi zsarnok lenne, ha megtehetné. Ha nem fordítanak kiemelt figyelmet és törődést a Hölgyekre, akkor eltökéltek leszünk arra, hogy lázadást szítsunk, és nem fogjuk úgy érezni, hogy a törvények kötnének minket, azok a törvények, amelyekbe nincs beleszólásunk és képviseletünk." 

Rendkívül fontosnak tartotta, hogy minden lány számára elérhető oktatás legyen biztosítva. Saját tudását, műveltségét saját magának köszönhette (és szüleinek, akik támogatták ebben), azonban ilyen nők akkoriban alig voltak. Abigail önképzése rendkívül sikeres volt, kíváncsiságát sosem adta fel. Az 1780-as években John diplomáciai feladatokat látott el Nyugat-Európában (tagja volt a függetlenségi háborút lezáró párizsi békeszerződést megkötő delegációnak is), így Abigail rengeteget utazgatott vele. 1780-ban Angliában tudományos előadásokra iratkozott be, melyek leginkább az elektromosságról, mágnesességről és hidrosztatikáról szóltak. Mikor 1797-ben John elnök lett, Abigail joggal érezhette úgy, hogy ez az ő munkájának is a gyümölcse, hisz tulajdonképpen férje tanácsadója volt (ezt a "szolgáltatást" John az elnöksége alatt is igénybe vette). John nem volt egy nagyon népszerű elnök, 1801-ben nem is választották újra. John mondhatni kiszállt a politikából, de Abigail féltő anyai szemével is végigkövette haláláig annak a fiának politikai karrierjét, akiből később elnök lett. 1818. október 28-án halt meg a második first lady tífuszos lázban.

Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906)

1820 februárjában született egy olyan családban, ahol a nők és férfiak egyenlő bánásmódban részesültek. Édesapja (Daniel Anthony) különösképp ügyelt Susan oktatására. Három éves korában a kislány már írt és olvasott, és amikor a helyi iskola tanítója nem kezdett el neki komolyabb matematikai ismeretet oktatni, Daniel kivette az iskolából, és otthon, egy fogadott tanárral taníttatta. Susan tanárnő lett. Mikor tanárként dolgozni kezdett, szóvá tette, hogy férfi kollégái az ő fizetése ötszörösét viszik haza, kirúgták állásából. Ekkor indult el nőjogi harcos "karrierje".

A családjában tiltott volt az alkoholfogyasztás, nem nézték jó szemmel a lerészegülést, emiatt próbálhatott meg a fiatal Susan egy antialkoholista mozgalomhoz csatlakozni. Csak próbálhatott, mert nők számára ezekbe a mozgalmakba való belépés tilos volt. Susan erre megalapította Amerika első női antialkoholista mozgalmát a Daughters of Temparence-t.  A polgárháború alatt egy amerikai rabszolgaellenes társaság munkatársaként dolgozott, és főszervezője volt a Women's Loyal League-nak, mely később aktívan támogatta Lincoln kampányát.

1872-ben Rochesterben feliratkozott 15 társával egy szavazólistára, és törvénytelenül szavaztak. Letartóztatták őket, és pénzbüntetést kaptak. Susan nem volt hajlandó befizetni a büntetést, és perig ment a dolog, ahol bíró nem engedte tanúskodni őt, mivel nő, és "alkalmatlan saját érdekeinek képviselésére". Az ügyet a sajtó is felkapta, ráadásul akkor kezdett legizgalmasabbá válni számukra a dolog, mikor Susan a bírósági ítélet után sem akarta kifizetni bírságát. Újabb eljárás váratlanul nem indult ellene. Élete végéig nőjogi aktivista maradt, és nem félt szembeszállni a társadalom által kialakított sztereotípiákkal.


Susan B. Anthony

Sojourner Truth

Sojourner Truthról nem tudjuk pontosan mikor született (valószínűleg 1797 körül), mert egy rabszolgacsalád gyermekeként látta meg a napvilágot. Neve eredetileg Isabella Baumfree volt, a Sojournert később, az 1840-es évek körül vette fel. Apját a mai Ghána területén fogták el rabszolgavadászok, ő így került az Egyesült Államokba. A férfi, akinél rabszolga volt 1806-ban meghalt, így 100 dollárért megvásárolta  egy birkanyájjal együtt egy John Neely nevű ember. Ezután 105 dollárért egy újabb földesúrhoz került, majd még másik kettőhöz. Egyikőjük sem bánt vele jól, többször is bántalmazták, bottal verték, férfi rabszolgatársai közül voltak olyanok, akik szexuálisan zaklatták, molesztálták őt. Ezzel mit sem törődtek a "tulajdonosai". 1815-ben a szomszédos gazdaságban dolgozó Robert nevű rabszolgába lett szerelmes, ez azonban annyira nem tetszett akkori "gazdájának", hogy Robertet összeverte, aki belehalt sérüléseibe. Sojournernek egy másik rabszolgatársával kényszerházasságot kellett kötnie, akitől 4 gyermeke született (egy lánya már volt Roberttől). A 4 gyermekből egy sajnos a szülés után meghalt. 

New York államban volt rabszolga, ahol 1799-ben kezdték meg a rabszolgatartás eltörlését, de a folyamat csak 1827-ben fejeződött be. Dumont nevű "ura" 1826-ban szabadságot ígért neki, cserében egy éven keresztül sokkal keményebben kellett dolgoznia. Végül az alkut semmissé nyilvánította Dumont, egy Sojourner állítólagos "kézsérülése miatt", emiatt legkisebb lányával Sophieval ugyanebben az évben megszökött. Egy tehetős család azonnal be is fogadta őt, ahol a rabszolgafelszabadító törvény életbelépéséig lakott. Ekkor tudta meg, hogy Dumont  ötéves fiát illegálisan eladta egy alabamai rabszolgakereskedőnek. Sojourner perre vitte az ügyet, amit meg is nyert.

Ez volt az első alkalom, amikor egy fekete nő pert nyert egy fehér férfivel szemben.

Sojourner alatt megindult a szekér. Ezt ki is használta, és a nők helyzetének javítására fordította. Sojourner története bebizonyítja, hogy bárkiből lehet bármi, bárki viheti bármire, még akkor is, ha a 18-19. században egy fekete rabszolganőnek születik.

Elizabeth Blackwell (1821-1910)

Angliában született, családja később az Egyesült Államokba emigrált. Elizabeth álma, hogy orvos akart lenni. 30 amerikai egyetemre adta be jelentkezését, melyből csupán csak egy darab, a Geneva College fogadta be. 1849-ben diplomázott, ezzel ő lett az Egyesült Államok történelmében az első nő, aki orvosi diplomát szerzett. Ezután Párizsba költözött, ahol nőgyógyászati tanulmányokat folytatott. Később, 1857-ben New Yorkban megalapította New York Infirmary for Indigent Women and Children kórházat, melyben azonnal alkalmazták is, a második amerikai orvosnőt, és a harmadikként diplomázottat is, aki testvére volt, Emily Blackwell. A kórház ma New York Downtown Hospital néven ma is működik. 1869-ben visszatért Angliába, ahol London School of Medicine for Women egyik alapítója volt.

Elizabeth számos lánynak megmutatta, hogy igenis próbálják meg, járjanak egyetemre.

Emmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928)

Emmeline egy vérbeli, angol politizáló családba született bele. Szülei a The Liberal Party tagjai voltak, akik főképp a rabszolgatartás ellen és a nők választási joga mellett tevékenykedtek. Emmeline már 14 éves korában eljárt feminista mozgalmak gyűléseire, azonban ez megszakadt, mert egy bentlakásos iskolába került Párizsban. Hazatérése után 5 gyermek édesanyja lett. 1903-ban megalapította a Women’s Social and Political Union mozgalmat. Emmeline mozgalma megmozgatta a nőket, kivitte őket az utcára tüntetni, nőellenes gyűléseket megzavarni (főképp az akkori konzervatív pártokét, akik leghangosabban ellenezték nőjogi küzdelmeiket), éhségsztrájkot kezdtek a börtönökben.

Emmelinet 1913-ban három évre börtönre ítélték alaptalan vádakkal, miszerint egy bombatámadás kitervelője volt. Az eset leginkább annak tudható be, hogy riválisai el akarták tüntetni az útból. Emmeline is éhségsztrájokt kezdett raboskodása alatt, majd gyenge állapota miatt kiengedték.

Az első világháború végül végett vetett a mozgalmának, viszont annyit elértek, hogy 1918-ban a 30. életévüket betöltött nők aktív szavazójogot kaptak. 1928-ban, három héttel Emmeline halála után, kiterjesztették az általános választójogot a nőkre is Nagy-Britanniában.


Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013)

1944-ben vegyésznek tanult Oxfordban. Vegyészi szakmától nagyot váltott. 1959-ben az egyik választókerületben parlamenti képviselővé választották. 1970-ben oktatási miniszter lett, ezután pedig, 1975-ben a Konzervatív Párt elnökévé választották, ezzel ő lett az első nő, aki egy politikai nagypártot vezetett az Egyesült Királyságban. 1979-től egészen 1990-ig az ország első női miniszterelnöke. Hivatali ideje alatt nem történt nagy változás az angliai nőügyekben, kormánya főképp gazdasági kérdésekre fókuszált, mindennek ellenér Thatcher is egy meghatározó szereplő a női történelemben.

Malalai Joya

Malalai Joya 1978-ban született, afganisztáni politikusnő. A Közel-Keleten a legtöbb országban sajnos a nő még ma is a férfi tulajdona, ahol akár egy férfi rokon büntetést is kioszthat a női rokonnak, mert az "illetlenül", "helytelenül" viselkedett vele. Ilyen például a savfürdő, melynek elszenvedői főképp kiskorú lányok, ebbe pedig az áldozatok fele bele is hal, aki túléli, az élete végéig maradandó sérüléseket szerez. Ilyen körülmények között kell Malalai Joyának politizálnia Afganisztánban.

2005 és 2007 között parlamenti képviselő volt, de miután kritizálta a háborús bűnösöket és felszólalt az afgán főurak uralkodása ellen, kitiltották onnan. 2010-ben adták ki önéletrajzát Párizsban, azonban komolyabb politikai visszatérést nem tudott magának csinálni, annak ellenére, hogy több tartományban is szeretnék, ha képviselőjüknek induljon. A visszatérését leginkább az gátolja, hogy két év alatt legalább 4-szer követtek el ellene sikertelenül támadást. Sosincs biztonságban, ezért folyamatosan utaznia kell, nehogy rábukkanjanak.

Theresa May

1956-ban született Eastbourneben. Holton Park Girls' Grammar Schoolba járt középiskolába, majd az Oxfordi Egyetemen szerzett diplomát földrajzból. A Bank of Englandnál helyezkedett el. Szorgalmasan, keményen dolgozott, ezért előléptették a  Association for Payment Clearing Services európai ügyekért felelős osztályvezetőjévé. 1986-ban Merton kerületben (London) önkormányzati képviselővé választották. Ezután két kudarc is érte őt. 1992-ben elvesztette a parlamenti választást Durham nevű északnyugati választókerületben, majd 1994-ben a Barkingban tartott időközi választást is. 1997-ben végül sikerült megnyernie Maidenhead körzetet, ezzel parlamenti képviselővé vált. A Konzervatív Pártban felfigyeltek rá, ezért különböző tisztségeket töltött be a párt árnyékkormányaiban. Itt sem okozott csalódást, és amikor 2010-ben a Konzervatívok megnyerték a választást, akkor belügyminiszter lett, emellett pedig két éven át betöltötte a nő- és egyenlőségügyekért felelős miniszter pozícióját is.

Miniszterelnökségét a Brexitnek köszönheti. Ő is a választás mellett kampányolt. Miután épphogy győztek a távozáspártiak, David Cameron benyújtotta lemondását. 2016. július 7-én az alsóházi konzervatív képviselők szavaztak arról, hogy ki legyen Cameron utódja. Nagy többséggel May nyert, így két riválisa vissza is lépett a javára. Ezzel Theresa May lett a második miniszterelnöknő Margaret Thatcher után.


Angela Merkel

1954-ben született Hamburgban. 1973-ban érettségizett Templinben, 1978-ban fizikusi diplomát szerzett a Lipcsei Egyetemen. Ezután 1990-ig a Kelet-Berlini Tudományos Akadémián dolgozott a fizika-kémia központi intézetben. Doktori disszertációját kvantumfizika témában írta. Mind Thatcher, mind May és mind Merkel teljesen más területen kezdte pályafutását. Merkel politikai pályafutása akkor kezdődött, mikor 1989-ben a Demokratikus Ébredés nevű ellenzéki csoportba belépett. Ennek a szervezetnek a szóvivője volt. A Demokratikus Ébredés egybeolvadt a CDU-val, így ő is kereszténydemokrata párttag lett. 1990-ben bejutott a Bundestagba, majd 1991 és 1994 között a ifjúsági és nőügyi miniszter lett.

1991-1998 között a CDU elnökhelyettese, 2000-től az elnöke, 2002-2005 között a párt frakcióvezetője a Bundestagban. 2005-ben az első női, német kancellárnő lett. A 2008-as gazdasági világválságot követően fókuszált jobban a külügy és az eurózóna felé. Politikai karrierjét igencsak megosztja a menekültválság kezelése (ez a 2017-es szövetségi választásokon is meglátszik). Ugyanakkor nem mehetünk el amellett, hogy ennek (is) köszönheti a Béke lámpása díját. 2017-ben kitüntették Finnországban a nők és férfiak közötti egyenlőtlenség elmozdításáért



Hillary Clinton

Hillary Clinton 1947-ben született Chicagóban. 1965-ben kezdett el a Wellesley Collegebe járni, majd 1969-től '73-ig a Yale Egyetemen tanult jogot. Itt ismerkedett meg későbbi férjével, Bill Clintonnal. A 70-es évek végén egy Gyermekvédelmi szervezettnél kezdett el dolgozni, ahol problémás gyerekek jogaival foglalkozott. Bill Arkansas kormányzója lett, Hillary pedig bekerült Amerika 100 legbefolyásosabb ügyvédje közé. 1992-ben Bill Clinton elnök lett, majd 1996-ban újraválasztották. Eközben Hillary segédkezett egy olyan egészségügyi reform megalkotásában, mely több mint 6 millió gyermeknek biztosított megfelelő egészségügyi vizsgálatokat. Ezután 2000-ben New York állam szenátorává választották (később újraválasztják), ezzel ő lett az első first lady, akit később szenátor lett. 2008-ban a Demokraták oldalán elindult az elnökválasztáson, és habár több szavazatot kapott, mint Barack Obama, Obama több küldött szerzett, ezzel ő lett a jelölt. 2016-ban ismét elindult a Demokraták oldalán, ezúttal ő kapta meg a jelöltséget. Ez volt az első alkalom, amikor egy "major party" nőt jelölt elnöknek. A választást ugyan elvesztette Hillary, de egy igazi demokráciában nem szabad elmenni amellett, hogy a három millió szavazattal többet kapott, mint Donald Trump.

Hillary Clinton karrierje során csak eddig 22-szer jelölték a legcsodáltabb nővé a világon. Másrészt többször is elnyerte az év nője díjat, illetve a National Women's Hall of Fame kitüntetést, nem beszélve a Grammy díjáról. Hillary Clinton a 21. század egyik legelismertebb embere.


Tíz legcsodáltabb nő 2018-ban:

10. Madonna

9. Taylor Swift

8. Angela Merkel

7. Malala Yousafzai

6. Emma Watson

5. Hillary Clinton

4. Elizabeth királynő

3. Oprah Winfrey

2. Michelle Obama

1. Angelina Jolie

Tíz legbefolyásosabb nő 2016-ban:

10. Ana Patricia Botrín

9. Meg Whitman

8. Susan Wojcicki

7. Christine Lagarde

6. Sheryl Sandberg

5. Mary Barra

4. Melinda Gates

3. Janet Yellen

2. Hillary Clinton

1. Angela Merkel



Megosztom Facebookon! Megosztom Twitteren! Megosztom Tumblren!


Postcard : De suffragette upon her box darns der men, but not der sox. 1913   



Postcard : De suffragette upon her box darns der men, but not der sox. 1913


Gray illustration of a Dutch girl standing on a soap box, holding a "Votes for Women" flag.

On the verso, the card is addressed to Miss Estella C [Listes?] Markleysburg Fayette Co. Pennsylvania, and postmarked May 19, 1914. The message reads: "Dear Stella. Will start for Easton in the morning. My address will be 721 Coleman St. Easton Pa. Please write soon. M.L.




Children and politics
United States--Pennsylvania--Markleysburg


Rochester, N.Y. : Walker's Post Card Shop

Physical Dimensions

9 x 14 cm.
POST-1913-21 Darns men not sox.jpg


Marion, Mattapoisett, Rochester, Wareham residents to participate in reimagined Pan-Mass Challenge    


NEEDHAM - More than 10,000 participants, including 19 from Marion, Mattapoisett, Rochester and Wareham, will virtually take part in the reimagined 2020 Pan-Mass Challenge with the goal of raising critical funds for cancer research and patient care at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute on Saturday, Aug. 1.The organization’s traditional ride, which typically includes 12 routes spanning 25 to 192 miles over the first weekend of every August, will be transformed into a virtual [...]


State health officials announce season’s first human case of EEE was exposed in Plymouth County - Rochester and Wareham risks raised   


BOSTON - The Massachusetts Department of Public Health announced today that laboratory testing confirmed the first human case of Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus infection, a male under the age of 18 who was exposed to EEE in Plymouth County.As a result, the risk level in the two communities of Carver and Middleborough in Plymouth County has been raised to critical, according to a press release.In addition, Kingston, Plympton and Rochester are at high risk. Bridgewater, [...]


Aerial spraying for mosquitoes scheduled for Monday night in Marion, Mattapoisett, and Rochester   


BOSTON — State officials say aerial spraying for mosquitoes is scheduled to start Monday night in 25 area communities, including Marion, Mattapoisett, and Rochester.The Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources, State Reclamation and Mosquito Control Board, and the Massachusetts Department of Public Health today announced that aerial spraying for mosquitoes will take place in specific areas of Plymouth County and a small part of Bristol County. Spraying is expected to [...]


Episode 73: A bold move   


This episode we talk about moral clauses in FOSS licenses, ShotSpotter’s partnership with Verizon, how Buffer bought out its VCs, and WayMo. Devopsdays Portland - SEPTEMBER 11-13, 2018 - RECOMPILERFRIENDS 20% discount Community Event Planning pre-order Still time to get in on the book previews Survey for event organizers Call for Contributors, Issue 12 Machines and Things Major Open Source Project Revokes Access to Companies That Work with ICE Stop using my tools, racists Palantir employees are racist and they need to stop using my tools Add text to MIT License banning ICE collaborators Please remove jamiebuilds as maintainer for CoC violations Remove Microsoft from Restrictive License Restore unmodified MIT license SPDX license list My potted view on adding extra ethical clauses to open source licenses ShotSpotter Expands Verizon Partnership With Reseller Agreement for Gunshot Detection Services Ingrid Burrington on Twitter: "So one way to read this is it's a way for Shotspotter installations to avoid any resident pushback by burying them in a contract–instead of making SST a line item, it's just tacked onto a broader services agreement with Verizon that wouldn't otherwise raise eyebrows." Rochester man shot by police sues cops, city, and ShotSpotter We Spent $3.3M Buying Out Investors: Why and How We Did It Amir Efrati on Twitter: "Just out: The truth about Waymo..." A day in the life of a Waymo self-driving taxi - The Verge Donut County Martin “Sexy Nuclear Disarmament” Pfeiffer🏳️‍🌈 on Twitter: "🚨NOW PUBLICLY ACCESSIBLE🚨 Find below the link to my complete archive of 1951-1997 Sandia nuclear laboratory documents from my FOIA. You can also support my work at: or…"


Why 540WMain decided to go virtual   


Freed from the burden of managing physical space, the antiracist education organization has been able to expand its work, says Calvin Eaton, founder and director.

The post Why 540WMain decided to go virtual appeared first on Rochester Beacon.


Finding opportunity amid the pandemic   


Our region’s businesses could have a competitive edge in the new environment.

The post Finding opportunity amid the pandemic appeared first on Rochester Beacon.


Reports: SEC to investigate Kodak insider trading   


The Securities and Exchange Commission's probe is expected to examine the July 27 spike in trades of the Rochester company’s shares upon the urging of Sen. Elizabeth Warren.

The post Reports: SEC to investigate Kodak insider trading appeared first on Rochester Beacon.


Is this RealEats’ time?   


The COVID-19 pandemic is driving growth for the fledgling, subscription-based business in Geneva, which delivers healthy, farm-to-table, ready-to-eat food.

The post Is this RealEats’ time? appeared first on Rochester Beacon.


Pandemic reveals strains in higher education, panelists say   


College leaders taking part in a Rochester Beacon-Upstate Venture Connect webinar say institutions need to rethink their revenue sources.

The post Pandemic reveals strains in higher education, panelists say appeared first on Rochester Beacon.


SEC, Morgan reach tentative settlement   


The commission accused the Rochester-based developer in a civil action of mortgage fraud and running a Ponzi scheme.

The post SEC, Morgan reach tentative settlement appeared first on Rochester Beacon.


Courts could face avalanche of eviction cases   


With a statewide moratorium set to expire in less than a month, tenants who have been financially impacted by the pandemic are at increased risk. A right-to-counsel program could get legal aid to renters facing eviction.

The post Courts could face avalanche of eviction cases appeared first on Rochester Beacon.


Leading by example   


For a leader, showing congruence between intent and behavior is essential to building trust. Why is it so difficult to do?

The post Leading by example appeared first on Rochester Beacon.


An artist’s rendering of shoreline protection   


Sculptor Pepsy Kettavong’s Smart BreakWall Diversion System absorbs waves that can cause property damage along Lake Ontario.

The post An artist’s rendering of shoreline protection appeared first on Rochester Beacon.


A political leader put to the test   


For Monroe County GOP chair Bill Napier, the COVID-19 pandemic has changed nearly everything but his mission: to guide his party’s resurgence at the polls in November.

The post A political leader put to the test appeared first on Rochester Beacon.


Rulers of America - A Study of Finance Capital (1939) by Anna Rochester   


Anna Rochester

Rulers of America - A Study of Finance Capital (1939)

Rulers of America - A Study of Finance Capital (1939) by Anna Rochester


James W. Gerard, lawyer and former ambassador to Germany, stated in August, 1930, that this country was ruled by 59 financiers and corporation officials. His list was both too long and too short. For he made no distinction between the much smaller number of actual rulers and their chief lieutenants. And, of course, he omitted scores of secondary men who are responsible and important executives within the chief financial empires. But Gerard’s list spread forth as front page news the fact that financial control had continued, unshaken by Standard Oil exposures, the Pujo Report^ Supreme Court decisions, post-war regulating commissions, and the firstly ear of the great economic crisis which began in 1929.

Since then various Senate investigations have piled up fresh evidence of the power and the methods of the inner Wall Street rulers. As this book is completed, Morgan partners are appearing before the Nye Committee investigating the munitions industry. The chief news of the day includes facts on the part played by the Morgan firm in 1914-15 in promoting the war boom and the war loans which tied American business interests to the cause of the Allies and led to irresistible pressure for America’s entering the World War.

Financial rulers are important, not as picturesque figures, strong in their lust for wealth and power, but as the heads of the economic empires in which American capitalism reached its peak of development. To sketch their empires is part of our task, but that is not enough. We must raise certain basic questions. What is the essential pattern of control in the United States? What are the underlying trends from which it developed? What is the effect of this control in the life of the people? Will power pass from the financial rulers through their inner collapse?

In working toward an answer to such questions we are concerned primarily with economic facts. And since material on wealth and income and the general condition of the working class is relatively abundant, we have focused attention in this book on the structure and pattern of finance-capitalist control. Its relation to poverty and to the workers’ movement is indicated.

Of course every selection and analysis of facts reflects a writer’s understanding of economic theory and his sympathies in the clash be* tween capitalism and socialism. The present book is based on the economic and political teachings of Marx as developed for the imperialist era by Lenin. It attempts to show the broad outlines of capitalist structure in the United States and illustrates for this country the basic argument presented by Lenin in his Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism.

Our material falls naturally into three main sections.

Part I, “The Rulers and their Domain,” describes the principal financial groups and outlines the principal ways in which they exercise control and the effect of the development of finance capital on the distribution of income in the United States.

Part II, “Control in Selected Industries,” gives some details of their grip on nine industries, with special reference to the confused interplay of monopoly and competition.

Part III, “Capitalism in Crisis,” reviews the facts about American foreign investment, colonies and spheres of influence and analyzes the economic crisis-depression against the background of the general crisis of capitalism.

This study is sponsored by the Labor Research Association which has, at every stage of the work, given counsel and help. The writer has also had invaluable assistance from several persons who do not share the writer’s views. Special acknowledgment is due to Elsbeth E. Freudenthal who aided in the research and the checking of material and herself wrote three Of the chapters on selected industries, and to the staff of the Economics Division of the New York Public Library without whose patient courtesy and knowledge of original sources the writer would have been unable to locate much of the necessary material.

A. R.
January, 1936.

Downloads and Links


The Response (1995) by James Goldsmith   


James Goldsmith

The Response (1995)

The Response (1995) by James Goldsmith


The English version of my book The Trap was published in November 1994, a little over a year after it first appeared in French. The second chapter, 'The New Utopia: GATT and Global Free Trade', attracted considerable adverse comment, including a European Commission document handed for information to the British press and a booklet published by the Centre for Policy Studies in the series The Rochester Papers. Most of the other comments appeared in columns or reviews in the British press of either the French or the British edition.
I have regrouped the principal criticisms into eight chapters, quoted the most significant and answered them.
The full text of the relevant chapter of The Trap is reproduced for easy reference as an appendix. The illustrated story of global free trade, using charts, begins on page 121.

James Goldsmith

Further Reference

Many of the points in the book are covered in Goldmith's 15th November 1994 interview on The Charlie Rose talk show:


Downloads and Links


Episode 55: Justin Goby Fields   



Welcome to the show dedicated to the artist and professionals that make Springfield Illinois a melting pot of creativity and entertainment.

Each episode is recorded at a different location featuring a brand new topic.

Ep 55: intro liner comes from Brian Berns of @217Problems (featured in Episode 3) Congrats on 50, 000 likes on Facebook!

The guest of our Pilot Episode Kelly  Wickham Hurst AKA Mocha Momma got Twitter verified this week  for her life's work. Check out her new mission Being Black at School.

The music bed comes from Looming they will be in town this week for the Our Lady Release Show I'm sad to say that I have to trade WWCC for time with my Blacksheep  family. However I am stoked for every opportunity placed before me.

Episode 55: we meet Concept Artist Justin Goby Fields from Ironklad Studios.

He is a Rochester native, he attended Lincoln Land Community college and now owns his own company in Los Angeles California.

We are excited to announce a new partnership for the month of August with Rotherham & Rotherham & Co. This partnership makes it possible for us to travel as well as document  Wizard World Comic Con Chicago 2016. This is an annual trip for my wife and I we are working this year for official media passes and we are excited to show you our perspective of Wizard World. We will be posting daily vloggs on youtube and facebook beginning 08/19/2016.

Follow along here



Thanks for checking out the show.

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2020-08-13 15:33:56