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Switzerland offers strong technical infrastructure and its access indicators are steadily increasing, as the GISWatch 2008 country report has shown. [1] Access to infrastructure varies according to age, education and income. The question of access to content is more complex and sectors of society must be assessed in a differentiated way. This report focuses on the federal level. The situation and practices in the 26 cantons and in the communes may differ considerably.

Access to public information

Like Germany, Switzerland is a latecomer and adopted a Federal Open Government Act ( Bundesgesetz über das Öffentlichkeitsprinzip in der Verwaltung - BGÖ) only recently, in the summer of 2006. [2] With the introduction of this law, there was a shift in the Swiss administration from a former principle of confidentiality to one of public accessibility and transparency.

As the Federal Data Protection and Information Commissioner (FDPIC) notes:

Information and communication are two essential characteristics of current society. If in the past, our societies were dominated by the cult of secrecy and the reign of non-transparency, they are now becoming more open, while at the same time guaranteeing individuals the right to have their private lives respected. The principle of access to information and official documents, along with the right to data protection, are two democratic imperatives which are necessary for the functioning of an information society which is close to its citizens. Following the example of many European countries, a wave of transparency is also crossing Switzerland. [3]

The implementation of this access to information law, however, has had mixed results. In 2008, only 221 demands from individuals/citizens for information were registered. In 115 cases (68%) access was completely or partly provided, while 71 demands (32%) were refused. In the 30 months following the introduction of the law, only 565 requests were submitted. This is considered modest given a total population of 7.7 million people. The FDPIC notes that the figures do not necessarily represent all inquiries in all governmental authorities, as information requests from media are not included or distinguished. The cases statistically listed are supposed to be the “relevant” ones, which means that they are beyond routine requests and need special assessment or demand extraordinary efforts to be accomplished.

An FDPIC report mentions another factor that may contribute to the low level of information requests: many citizens, it is assumed, were not aware of the change in their rights when the new law was introduced in 2006 – the vast majority of the Swiss population, according to some observers. This assumption is backed by the experience of some departments that demands from the public increased where targeted information events on public access were organised.

According to an external evaluation on the implementation of the law, the quality of public service is considered high, whereas the duration of procedures has been criticised. [4] Usually citizens are not charged for access requests. [5]

Switzerland consists of four linguistic [6] and cultural areas. Equal opportunities, access and balance between the different parts of the country are considered a constitutional imperative. Therefore governmental information is usually available in the four national languages, some of it even in English. In 2006 the Swiss portal became the national gateway to Switzerland. It is Switzerland’s electronic business card and the main point of access to online information from the federal government, the cantons and local authorities. In the fourth year of its operation, the national portal became popular, with 5,250 visitors a day on average. The 160,000 visitors per month generate around 1.8 million page hits, according to official web statistics. [7]

Uniform handling of electronic data and documents

An ongoing problem in the federal administration is the handling of electronic data and documents. An official report from 2006 noted that:

The heterogeneous practice in the individual units of the administration regarding management, organisation and technology is preventing systematic exploitation of the potential of electronic transactions. Although solutions have been successfully implemented in individual departments with success and great benefits, there has to date been a lack of will and appropriate management to place the federal administration’s transactions on a… basis which eliminates data format incompatibilities. Consequently the Confederation is not only missing out on substantial potential for rationalisation but there is also the danger that the digitisation of transactions will take place only under external pressure, with the resulting major restraints on design freedom. [8]

In harmony with the national e‑government strategy, the report continues, “the administration’s ICT-based activity must be both economical and reflect citizen’s concerns, and should also promote good governance.” An action plan for the uniform handling of electronic data and documents within the federal administration was therefore adopted by the Federal Council in January 2008, including verifications of a Single Point of Orientation [9] (SPO) as defined in the BGÖ. [10]

Problem: Open standards and open source

Despite the Confederation adopting a Federal Open Source Strategy [11] and emphasising open source software in its e‑government strategy, [12] the reality is a different one.

In spring of this year, the federal administration signed a new three-year licence deal with Microsoft amounting to CHF 42 million (around USD 40.75 million) – without any public offering. Several open source service providers, as well as a parliamentary grouping, contested the deal. The members of parliament demanded “digital sustainability”, saying “the federal administration in Switzerland is still favouring proprietary software.”

Similar practices became public last May in the Canton of Berne. [13] Now the members of parliament intend to increase public pressure, pushing for open standards and software. The Swiss Internet User Group (SIUG) is also planning to launch a major campaign to promote open standards like open document format (ODF) and extensible business reporting language (XBRL), an open data standard for financial reporting, for internet documents. [14]

Access to culture: Copyright restrictions

Legal frameworks and intellectual property laws are still imposing various limits to open content and access. The Creative Commons initiative, which offers a country-adapted version for Switzerland (developed in 2007), provides a range of possibilities for legally protecting content in a way that it becomes open content. It poses a significant challenge to traditional copyright protection. [15]However, the traditional cultural and media groups and national collecting societies, [16] amongst others, are doing their best to oppose and marginalise alternative licensing models.

A peculiar example of how traditional intellectual property rights hamper open access initiatives is the creation of Europeana, a European digital library, where about 90% of national library holdings cannot be transferred due to traditional intellectual property regimes. At the moment, Europeana provides approximately 5% of all digitised books in the European Union (EU), which are in the public domain already. For legal reasons the library project cannot offer works that are out of print – about 90% of Europe’s national library holdings. Viviane Reding, the EU Commissioner for Information Society and Media, urges better cooperation among member countries to make European intellectual property laws relevant to the digital age. [17]

Access to scientific information

The University of Zurich was among the first to sign the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities [18] launched in October 2003. [19] The Declaration became one of the milestones in the open access movement and today is still recognised as the standard for the future handling of scientific literature. The University of Zurich is now among the leading academic institutions in this field in Switzerland, besides the University of St. Gallen. Most of the major Swiss universities have signed the Berlin Declaration since. Unfortunately, there have been initiatives launched in neighbouring Germany, such as the Heidelberg Appeal, [20] encouraging scientists to abuse their author’s rights and to exclude their work from search engines like Google, thereby undermining open and public access.

But the open access movement is gaining more and more ground amongst scientists and researchers. An increasing number of universities maintain their own servers for managing and storing material and publications. And like the Alliance of German Science Organisations, [21] Swiss science institutions like the Swiss National Research Fund are considering regulations that all research funded by public allocations must be freely accessible to the public in return.

In October 2009, the third Open Access Days conference focused on open access-related activities in the German-speaking regions. The conference was organised by and the University of Konstanz in cooperation with the German Helmholtz Association, the Max Planck Society, the German Initiative for Networked Information (DINI) and the Universities of Linz and Zurich. [22]

The private media

The print media in Switzerland are privately owned. Since the crisis in this sector is continuing and editors see their business model at stake, there is no willingness to embrace an open access content model. A few days after publication, online articles are transferred to the Swiss Media Database where access and retrieval are charged for.

Action steps

Despite the constraints and backlashes, the claims for open standards and open content are not an issue of isolated communities any longer. Access to content in the different spheres of society is more and more perceived as a basic right. And the spirit of the Berlin Declaration is vivid: “to promote the internet as a functional instrument for a global scientific knowledge base and human reflection, and to specify measures which research policy-makers, research institutions, funding agencies, libraries, archives and museums need to consider.”

Some of these measures should include:

  • The obligatory use of open standards and open source for public administrations.
  • Intellectual property laws allowing choices for content creators, including alternative licensing models like the Creative Commons.
  • Binding rules that all content and research funded by public allocations must be freely accessible to the public in return.


Alliance of German Science Organisations (2009) Declaration on Open Access and IP Rights.

Federal Data Protection and Information Commissioner (2009) Zugangsgesuche bei der Bundesverwaltung.

Federal Strategy Unit for IT (2008) Partial strategy: Open Source Software (OSS).

Federal Strategy Unit for IT (2008) eGovernment Strategy Switzerland.

Ludwig, W. (2008) Switzerland, in Finlay, A. (ed.), Global Information Society Watch 2008, APC, Hivos and ITeM.

OFCOM (2008) Uniform handling of electronic data and documents within the Federal administration.




[3] Ibid.

[4] Neue Zürcher Zeitung (NZZ) (2009) Das Interesse der Geheimdienste an Facebook, NZZ, 29 June.

[5] Federal Data Protection and Information Commissioner (FDPIC):

[6] German, French, Italian and Romansh.

[7] Schweizer Portal (2009) Schweizer Portal weiter auf Erfolgskurs, 20 March.

[8] OFCOM (2008) Uniform handling of electronic data and documents within the federal administration.

[9] Similar to the “one-stop government” or “one-stop shop” idea.

[10] Bundesgesetzes über das Öffentlichkeitsprinzip der Verwaltung BGÖ, December 2004.

[11] Federal Strategy Unit for IT (2008) Partial strategy: Open Source Software (OSS).

[12] Ibid.

[13] Swiss Open Systems User Group (ch/open):

[14] Swiss Internet User Group (SIUG):

[15] Creative Commons Switzerland:

[16] Private bodies collecting royalty payments from various individuals and groups on behalf of copyright holders.

[17] Golem (2009) Urheberrecht behindert Ausbau von EU-Digitalbibliothek, 29 August.


[19] The university signed in December 2004.

[20] The “Heidelberg Appeal” on the Freedom to Publish and the Protection of Copyright, March 2009:

[21] Alliance of German Science Organisations (2009) Declaration on Open Access and IP Rights.







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PDF icon Switzerland country report1.31 MB

Sexual rights: Still a long way to go


Switzerland is known as a multilingual and multicultural country trying its best to organise the differences between cultures under a coherent national framework – “coherence” in this context is a key word in Swiss modern history. The word refers to the inclusion of different languages and cultures – German, French, Italian and Romansh speakers – but also signifies respect for minorities in general. There are not many countries in the world with comparable records of respect for their diverse minorities.

On the other hand, Switzerland is also primarily a Christian society with around 39% Christian Catholics and 27% Protestants and dominated by their corresponding traditional values 1 – nowadays more in rural areas than in cities. In this hegemonic culture marked by Christian beliefs and traditions, sexual orientations, behaviours and rights – other than heteronormative sexual relationships – are a relatively new phenomenon, face various prejudices and common misunderstandings and are frequently rejected. This dynamic creates an ongoing quarrel between traditional (mainly rural) and more liberal (mainly urban) parts of the Swiss society.

Policy and political background

The legal framework that guarantees sexual rights in Switzerland is clear, starting with the Federal Constitution and the European and international human rights treaties. These include: the Federal Constitution, Article 8 (Equality before the law), 2 the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Article 14 (Prohibition of discrimination on any grounds), 3 Protocol No. 12 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 2, 4 the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Part II), Article 2 5 and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Part II), Article 2 and 26. 6 Because of this it is clear that the problem is not the lack of legal standards and guarantees, but is more a question of the enforcement of these standards.

Registered partnerships are relatively recent in Switzerland. In a nationwide referendum in June 2005, 7 58% of the population approved a law allowing registered partnerships. This grants same-sex couples the same rights and protections as opposite-sex couples. However, they may not adopt children, seek fertility treatment and use the registered partnership to facilitate the Swiss naturalisation of a foreign partner. The law became effective in January 2007. 8

Finally, despite the legislative guarantees, the European branch of the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA-Europe)9 has analysed legal standards for LGBT people across Europe, and in this ranking Switzerland was placed 31st out of 49 countries, fulfilling only 28% of the criteria for full equality. 10

Loopholes in the law

The history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people is similar in neighbouring European countries. 11 Regarding legal frameworks, human rights violations and the unequal treatment of LGBT people should be a matter of the past in Switzerland. This is the position of the Lesbian Organisation Switzerland (LOS), 12 the Pink Cross, 13 the Transgender Network Switzerland 14 and the Umbrella Organisation for Rainbow Families 15 who launched a common human rights campaign in April 2012 in Zurich. 16

The organisations take the position that although the UN adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights more than 60 years ago, some human rights are still repeatedly infringed on, even in Switzerland. One violation listed on a flyer published by the organisations and accompanying the human rights campaign is the right to physical integrity of transgender people, who currently have to undergo sterilisation in order to change their registered sex. 17 In addition, Switzerland does not provide protection to asylum seekers coming from countries where gays and lesbians are prosecuted or even condemned to death, when this is used a reason for seeking asylum. The lack of equality of rights in the fields of adoption and family law is another important concern.

A spokesperson for the Pink Cross has referred to “rifts and loopholes in the laws” that do not protect the people concerned from discrimination, and which could be “easily fixed”. 18 Similarly, LOS has complained that Switzerland is not implementing the respective recommendations of the UN Human Rights Council Universal Periodical Review regarding human rights. An ongoing concern of these communities is the denial of the right to raise children, which is inscribed in the Swiss constitution, Article 14. 19 However, adoptions are still legally refused to LGBT people on the restrictive basis of the registered partnership law. In a ruling of the Federal Court in May 2011, the supreme judges denied adoption to a woman living in a registered partnership since 2007. In her claim, the plaintiff pointed to several legal prescriptions – such as the Swiss constitution, the European Convention on Human Rights as well as the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child 20 – without success. 21 However, observers noted that the Federal Court had focused on very formal aspects of the law only, while not considering the broader context. The plaintiff can only appeal to the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) where similar cases are pending. A similar situation occurred at the parliamentary level in Switzerland: two motions (a common instrument in the Swiss parliament) were submitted years ago, one demanding the introduction of stepchild adoptions for same-sex couples (Motion Fehr), the other the general abolition of adoption restrictions for registered partnerships (Motion Prelicz-Huber). The Federal Council (the Swiss government) has however indicated its disagreement and sees no need to revise the relevant article of the registered partnership law.

Such special and complex cases usually do not get much attention from the broader public and the national media. To them the issue concerns a minority of Swiss people. As long as LGBT minorities (and other minorities for that matter) are not making themselves too visible in public, they do not mind. Tolerance is usually linked to good behaviour in public – what people do in their private sphere and behind closed doors is considered none of their neighbours’ business. Despite these unwritten rules and social norms, a change of culture can be observed compared to the more bigoted 1970s and 1980s – even in a conservative and tradition-minded society like Switzerland. Nevertheless, the fact remains that LGBT people have to live and face all sorts of discrimination in their day-to-day life, most of it outside of the public's perception.

A bishop out of control

Summer 2015 somehow exemplified the diverse realities and contradictions in Switzerland when it comes to sexual rights. At the beginning of August, the foremost tabloid daily Blick22 surprised the public with a tale of rampant homophobia. Vitus Huonder, the Catholic Bishop of Chur (a stronghold of religious fundamentalism in the east of Switzerland), elaborated on his beliefs and convictions during a church gathering dedicated to “delighting in faith” in Fulda, Germany (another stronghold of religious fundamentalism way up in the north). In his speech the bishop argued for “real” Catholic values, which he said were against abnormalities such as progressive ideas of sexual orientation, gay marriage, divorce and sexual education. While referring to his strict interpretation of the Bible -- precisely two excerpts from the Book of Leviticus in the Old Testament – he called for severe consequences, including the death penalty. 23 Even worse, there was no murmuring of surprise in his congregation, but applause. The Pink Cross was “shocked and upset” about the statements and demanded a public apology from the bishop. Furthermore, the Pink Cross announced that it would consult lawyers to see if what the Bishop said amounted to hate speech, underlining that “no church representative lives in a legal vacuum.” 24

When confronted with media and consternated public responses to his statement, the bishop quickly talked about “misunderstandings” and said that he “didn’t mean it” – of course. 25 A few days later Catholic Church associations clearly distanced themselves from the bishop’s viewpoint and called it “irresponsible and cruel”, while referring to situations in some countries where “homosexuals are fearing for their lives, may be flayed, stoned or even killed.” 26 While organised Swiss Catholics expressed their outrage and their solidarity with the LGBT community, the Swiss Bishops Conference 27 pussyfooted around again and called their fellow minister “difficult”, underlining that “the church welcomes all people unconditionally, independent from their sexual orientation.” 28 Meanwhile, three law suits were filed by two individuals and the Pink Cross, 29 – the potential outcome of these actions hovering between uncertain or predictable. Within weeks, the Huonder case received so much public attention that more members of the church hierarchy publicly expressed their disagreement by admitting that “he crossed a red line.” 30

The reverse side

At the end of August 2015 – a month of contrasts indeed – the 24th Zurich Street Parade 31 attracted around a million people. The Street Parade became the most attended technoparade 32 in Europe since the end of the Love Parade in 2010. Comparable to Berlin's Love Parade, the Street Parade has, since 2001, been one of the largest techno parties in the world, and the largest annual event in Zurich. 33 Originally it was thought of as a demonstration for freedom, love and tolerance. As it became more and more commercially viable for the Swiss metropolis, the key messages of the festival became more and more diluted. Nevertheless, the Street Parade can be understood as a statement against the Swiss Biedermeier – the traditionalist's world view – mobilising around one eighth of the Swiss population. For Swiss conservatives and religious fundamentalists it must look like an annual provocation and nightmare.


My conclusions on the issue of sexual rights in Switzerland are informed by personal experiences and references. Changes of norms, traditions, values, prejudices and stereotypes take time, and generations. During my study years in Heidelberg, Germany, I lived in a gay commune, the only “heterosexual” there. This was just as the German law that criminalised homosexuality in the early 1970s was being reconsidered (specifically paragraph 175 of the German Criminal Law). 34 Switzerland had officially abolished the criminalisation of homosexuality in 1942, provided that the actors involved were over 20 years of age. 35 Germany and Austria only followed decades later – Germany in 1994, and Austria in 2002. 36

In the early 1970s I had the privilege and honour to meet elderly people and gay friends who had survived German concentration camps between 1933 and 1945 (the Nazi period and barbarity). They had been accused of being “Jews”,“socialists”, “communists”, or “homosexuals”, or all together – usually a sure death verdict in Nazi Germany. From their testimonials I learned that being gay or sexually “irregular” was not considered “abnormal” in the educated and artist scenes in Berlin or Paris (leading metropolitan areas) up until the 1920s – in Germany until the takeover of Nazi power in 1933. The cultural impact of anti-gay and “abnormal sexual orientation” campaigns must have been enormous across Europe until the 1970s. 37

But values and public perceptions have changed considerably over recent decades. Just as an example: the “coming out” of a homosexual person until the 1970s or 1980s usually had severe consequences for his or her professional life, career and economic existence. When the German minister of foreign affairs, Guido Westerwelle (2009-2013), came out as a homosexual living in a same-sex partnership, it was just an issue for the gossipy yellow press. Over the last 20 years the internet and social media have supported and illustrated sexual diversities by including marginal realities and identities. They have strengthened emancipatory processes of all those who have not always been the focus of old media. Discriminated groups who lived in the shade of societies and had no voice are all using the internet to express their sexual identities, to find support, and for advocacy.

Anti-LGBT propaganda campaigns are still mainly the work of religious fundamentalists from the Roman Catholic, orthodox or Islamist persuasions. Gay friends and observers who have struggled for multicultural rights in European societies for most of their political life confess that they are rattled and scared about recent developments. They say that for some time the fundamentalist Catholic fraction has been losing more and more influence in modern and educated Western societies. But recently we are confronted with a younger migrant generation with a Middle Eastern background who have strongly expressed and revitalised anti-gay stereotypes and propaganda by ignoring constitutional basics. 38 Their anti-modern ideas, merely based on religious bias, are considered a dangerous force against the rights of LGBT people, or anybody not corresponding to traditional or archaic norms.

Transformation processes in societies are usually not linear, but broken or interrupted by backlashes – as can be seen by the story of the bishop discussed above. Decades ago religious fundamentalists could have counted on the silent approval of the public, but nowadays these church representatives are seen more as a dying species. But there is still a long way to go – in Swiss society and abroad – until LGBT people are considered just as “normal” and equal as usual heterosexuals.

Action steps

Some of the demands of LGBT organisations are:

    • To finally remove the exclusion of gay people from donating blood, allegedly because of higher risks of HIV transmission. The Pink Cross considers this practice discriminatory. The Federal Council already agreed and called upon blood services to change such rules.
    • To introduce a particular anti-discrimination article to prohibit hate speech against LGBT people. More coherence between different legislation is needed.
    • As the right to marriage is inscribed in the Federal Constitution, equal rights and standards for gays and lesbians are overdue. Similar demands for gay people to adopt children are still on the advocacy agenda (the revision of Article 28 of the registered partnership law is necessary).
    • LGBT people are still confronted with discrimination at the workplace. Regulation is needed to stop and change these practices.
    • LGBT communities and organisations should step out of their closed circles by creating broader alliances with like-minded citizens. They should use internet-based campaigning tools and platforms (such as Avaaz and Campact) 39 to mobilise solidarity. The internet offers this chance and opportunity.


1 Languages and religions – Data, indicators Religions, Swiss Statistics 2015, Federal Office of Statistics, Neuchâtel.
















17 Ibid.

18 Human rights for all, Human Rights for All, media release by LOS, the Pink Cross, the Umbrella Organisation for Rainbow Families and the Transgender Network Switzerland, April 2012 (in German).



21 Bundesgericht bestätigt Adoptionsverbot für gleichgeschlechtliche Paare, Schweizerisches Kompetenzzentrum für Menschenrechte (SKMR), July 2011,


23 Huonder quoted Leviticus 20:13: “If a man also lie with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them.”



26 and

27 The coordinating body of the Roman Catholic dioceses in Switzerland.

28 and

29 Ibid.

30 and



33 and



36 Ibid.

37 Various personal conversations with gay friends in the early 1970s, where they told me about their personal histories and sufferings. None of them wanted to record their personal stories in public because they were still afraid.

38 Talks and discussions with people from the gay community who do not want to be personally quoted.





HeidelbergCement planning to expand quarry for Paderborn plant   


HeidelbergCement planning to expand quarry for Paderborn plant

Germany: HeidelbergCement is planning to expand the Atlas quarry of its Paderborn plant. The quarry area will be increased by nine hectares, according to the Neue Westfälische newspaper. The company says that the expansion is necessary to support the supply of raw materials to the plant. It has organised an information forum for local residents.


Global Cement and Concrete Association membership grows to 20 companies   


Global Cement and Concrete Association membership grows to 20 companies

UK: Cement companies from Asia and North America are the latest to join the Global Cement and Concrete Association (GCCA), bringing the total number of member companies to 20. News members include Mexico’s Grupo Cementos de Chihuahua (GCC), Israel’s Nesher Israel Cement, India’s Shree Cement and Taiwan’s Taiwan Cement Corporation. The number of GCCA affiliates is also growing with the addition of the Cámara Nacional del Cemento in Mexico the Federación Interamericana del Cemento (FICEM) in Colombia and the Union of Cement Producers – Soyuzcement in Russia.

GCCA members now include: Buzzi Unicem, Cementos Argos, Cementos Pacasmayo, Cemex, Çimsa Çimento, CNBM, CRH, Dangote Cement, Eurocement, GCC, HeidelbergCement, LafargeHolcim, Nesher Israel Cement, SCG Cement, Shree Cement Ltd, Taiheiyo Cement, Taiwan Cement Corporation, Titan Cement, UltraTech Cement and Votorantim.

The association added that further applications for membership and affiliate status have been received and are being processed.


Archaeological Dig & Excavation Volunteer Programs Around the World   


Thinking about traveling abroad? You're not alone. People have been traveling for 2 million years. It began with Homo erectus, walking out of Africa in the early migrations. Then other archaic people followed, like H. heidelbergensis, the likely ancestor of modern humans, around 500,000 years ago. Our ancestors spread to other continents, and along the way, they [...]

The post Archaeological Dig & Excavation Volunteer Programs Around the World appeared first on Hands-on Heritage.


LHCb honours its Thesis and Early Career Awards Winners    


LHCb honours its Thesis and Early Career Awards Winners thortala Tue, 06/23/2020 - 15:18

On 11 June, LHCb announced the winners of the 2020 PhD Thesis and Early Career Scientist Awards.

The LHCb Thesis Awards recognize excellent PhD theses and additional work that have made an exceptional contribution to LHCb. In parallel, the Early Career Scientist prizes are awarded to recognize outstanding achievements of early career scientists to the benefit of LHCb.

This year’s winners of the Thesis prize are Philippe D'Argent (Heidelberg University) and Laurent Dufour (Nikhef/Groningen University. Carlos Abellan Beteta (Zurich), Claudia Bertella (CERN), Daniel Campora (Nikhef), Nadim Conti (INFN, Milan), Edgar Lemos Cid (Santiago de Compostela), Olli Lupton (Warwick), Mark Smith (Imperial College), Dorothea vom Bruch (LPNHE, Paris) were awarded  the Early Career prize.

“The number of brilliant winners of the Early Career Scientist prize and the extraordinary level of the PhD theses evaluated, show how crucial the contribution of younger colleagues to the experiment activities truly is”, point out Francesca Dordei and Stephanie Hansmann-Menzemer, Chairs of the Prize Committees. “It was really hard for the Committees to select only a few names among the many early career scientists and PhD students that not only contribute but often lead cutting edge developments in LHCb physics, detector and software developments”. Almost 350 PhD students study in the collaboration on diverse areas of LHCb physics, ranging from physics analysis to advanced detector and software developments.


Find out more about LHCb prizes.


AGC Biologics expande sus capacidades de desarrollo para servicios pADN en Heidelberg Site   


La expansión ayudará a cubrir la creciente demanda para las ofertas de ADN plasmídico  

SEATTLE, 30 de junio de 2020 /PRNewswire/ — Comprometida con una continua innovación y expansión de sus ofertas de servicio, AGC Biologics ha anunciado la


Kommentar til Heidelberg-kæben og spekulationer over Homo erectus af Galley Hill-skelettet – Intelligent design dk    


[…] indlægget om Heidelberg-mennesket for en uge siden (se Heidelberg-kæben og spekulationer over Homo erectus) nævnte jeg, at andre europæiske fund af anatomisk moderne mennesker fra de sidste 150 år også […]


Newtown Township Employee Salaries & Wages   


The Bucks County Courier Times reports that it filed “60 right-to-know requests, seeking the total wages paid to all full- and part-time government workers in 2017” (read “To Be Revealed: What Local Government Employees Earned in 2017”).

Coincidently (?), American Transparency, a non-profit group that publishes OpenThe, sent right-to-know requests to many, if not all, PA municipalities – including Newtown Township – asking for a copy of the following records: “An electronic copy of any and all employees for year of 2017, (fiscal or calendar year). Each employee record should contain the employer name, employer zip code, year of compensation, first name, middle initial, last name, hire date (mm-dd-yyyy), base salary amount, bonus amount, overtime amount, gross annual wages and position title.”

Newtown complied with the request since it maintains these records and by law “it is not exempted in any way by the Right-to-Know Law… subject to redaction as permitted by the Law,” according to the Township Solicitor.

Other townships, however, have denied the request, contending they do not maintain the exact records requested. “I have denied more than my fair share of requests lately solely based on the fact that I have no report that includes every piece of information they are requesting,” says Heidelberg Township Office Manager. “I may have a report that comes close, but I'm not providing it because it is not what they are asking for. Is that a hardline to take? Maybe. If they wish to amend their request, that is fine. I would then provide the report that satisfies their request. But please don't be fearful of denying if you don't have it to give. Maybe if we all did that, they would stop asking.”

Well, that’s not a very transparent attitude, I must say!

So what wages and salaries do Newtown Township employees earn? You can easily find that information for 2018 in the approved budget published on the township’s website (here). I’ve summarized that data in the following pie charts.

As recently reported, Mr. Kurt Ferguson, Newtown Township Manager, will be leaving to become Lower Makefield Township Manager (LMT) on July 16, 2018 (read “Newtown Township Manager Kurt Ferguson Will Take Lower Makefield Township Manager Position in July”).

According to the 2018 Budget, Mr. Ferguson’s salary for 2018 is $138,940. He also receives an additional $10,000 as Finance Director (see Resolution 2018-R-7).

Numbers Are Not the Whole Story

Numbers alone, however, do not tell the whole story. For example, because Mr. Ferguson fulfills the role of Finance Manager at very low compensation level of $10,000 per year, the Township does not have to hire someone else at more than $80,000 per year to fill that role. This has saved an estimated $500,000 over the 6 years of Mr Ferguson's tenure. Keep in mind that Mr. Fergison works many additional hours every week without additional pay.

The following table from a Pennsylvania State Association of Township Supervisors (PSATS) report shows the full-time hourly rates in 2016 for management and police employees in townships with populations over 8,000 (Newtown has a population of over 19,000).

These numbers are based on data reported by 72 townships. To compare apples to apples, you have to convert hourly rates to yearly salaries using the equation 37.5 hours per week X 52 weeks X hourly rate.

BTW, Newtown Township Supervisors receive an annual income of $4,125 per! For me that works out to be about $41.00 per hour to attend Board of Supervisors meetings. It does NOT include the many hours I spend attending other meetings such as meetings of Parks & Recreation, Technology Committee, JMZO, Planning Commission, etc. It also does not include the many hours I spend preparing for these meetings! This wage is set by law and it has been the same since at least 2015. I say it's time for an increase!

UPDATE: The Bucks County Courier Times, on June 8, 2018, published the salary data it has collected; read "Some Local Governments Reluctant to Release Employee Wages, Some Don't Keep Complete Records!".


Permanenz und Aktualität   


Ein Sammelband über das Pikareske in der Literatur
Rezension von Stefanie Arend zu
Christoph Ehland; Robert Fajen (Hg.): Das Paradigma des Pikaresken
Universitätsverlag Winter, Heidelberg 2007


Literatur total   


Felicitas Hoppes Heidelberger Poetik-Vorlesung
Rezension von Hannes Krauss zu
Felicitas Hoppe: Kröne dich selbst – sonst krönt dich keiner!
Universitätsverlag Winter, Heidelberg 2018


Deri Tomos   


Tomos, Deri

Unigolyn: Nid Yn Staff

Alun Tomos


Magwyd yng Nghaerdydd, addysgwyd Ysgol Gymraeg Bryntaf, Ysgol Uwchradd y Bechgyn Caerdydd a Choleg y Brenin Caergrawnt. Byw yng Ngwynedd am y rhan fwyaf o fy mywyd fel oedolyn. Diddordebau yn amrywio o ganu corawl i gadw gwenyn. Yn aelod gweithgar o gymuned Dyffryn Ogwen (ee. Cynghorydd cymuned Llanllechid 2003-8). Ganwyd yn 1952, yn briod ag un mab wedi tyfu i fyny. Ieithoedd Gwaith: Cymraeg, Saesneg, Almaeneg.

Hanes Academaidd: BA (Cantab) Nat Sci (Biocemeg) 1973; (MA.1976); PhD (Cantab) Biocemeg Planhigion 1977 (Cyfarwyddwr: D.H. Northcote FRS Biocemeg, Caergrawnt). PDRA: Prifysgol Bangor 1976-1979; 1980-1985; KFA Jülich GmbH, yr Almaen 1979 - 80. Darlithydd ac Uwch Ddarlithydd: Prifysgol Bangor 1985-1996; Cadair Bersonol 1996; Sefydledig (Cadair William Charles Evans mewn Biocemeg Ffisiolegol) ers 2002. Amryw gymrodoriaethau ymweld - y mwyaf diweddar (2008) yn Sefydliad Waite, Adelaide. (Arosiadau hir eraill yn cynnwys Labordy Betys Siwgr USDA, Logan Utah, Prifysgolion Heidelberg (Botaneg) a Darmstadt (Cemeg).) Grantiau oes - £ 4.2 miliwn (£ 2.2 miliwn BBSRC a NERC (6) ers 2000 - yn cynnwys LINK Diwydiannol).  Dros 120 o bapurau a phenodau (indecs-h 37). 21 ysgoloriaeth ymchwil PhD wedi’u cwblhau. (Bu’r rhan fwyaf diweddar yn gysylltiedig â diwydiant;  CASE, KESS.)

Addysgu: Llwyth dysgu llawn ar hyd eu gyrfa ar bob lefel. Cyflogir yn y lle cyntaf i ddysgu biocemeg a ffisioleg planhigion. Datblygodd i ymdrin â'r rhan fwyaf o fiocemeg a ffisioleg celloedd SBS (Ysgol Gwyddorau Biolegol, Bangor).  Sefydlodd (gyda A.H Shirsat) rhaglen Gwyddorau BioMeddygol BSc llwyddiannus iawn (2003) i gryfhau'r elfennau hyn o fewn SBS. Dyfarnwyd Cymrodoriaeth Dysgu Prifysgol yn 2000. Cydlynydd BSc Bioleg 2012-15 (yn ystod y cyfnod hwn cyrhaeddodd  sgôr NSS Bioleg Bangor yr uchaf yng Nghymru). Pwyslais diweddar fy addysgu personol oedd rifedd a sylfeini cemegol a ffisegol bioleg. O apwyntiad cyntaf, yr wyf yn gwneud y rhan fwyaf o'r addysgu SBS cyfrwng Cymraeg.

Gwasanaeth Brifysgol (enghreifftiau): Senedd 1993-2015 (gan gynnwys apeliadau a phwyllgorau ymarfer annheg). Pwyllgor Ymchwil 2001-04. Grŵp Tasg Materion Cymraeg (TASIG) 2004-2016. Pwyllgor yr Adran Efrydiau Allanol 1988-1996. Grŵp Cyswllt Ymddiriedolaeth Iechyd Gogledd Cymru 2000-diddymu. Pwyllgor Prifysgol Cymru ar Fideo-gynadledda 1990-98. Pwyllgor Rheoli SBS 2002-14. Pwyllgor Ymchwil SBS 1991-2009.

Gwasanaeth Arall: Pwyllgor Gwyddorau Microbau & Planhigion y BBSRC  - ac is-bwyllgorau (1999-2002). Bwrdd Llywodraethwyr BBSRC IGER (2004 - 2008). Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol: Bwrdd Academaidd (penodiad personol) a chadeirydd y Panel y Gwyddorau Naturiol (gan gynnwys Cemeg) 2011-2016. Cadeirydd y Pwyllgor Gwyddoniaeth a Thechnoleg yr Eisteddfod Genedlaethol 2012-presennol (ac aelod o bwyllgor cyfatebol yr Urdd). Rwyf wedi beirniadu mewn nifer o gystadlaethau gwyddoniaeth genedlaethol.

Dealltwriaeth y Cyhoedd o Wyddoniaeth:  (> 40 mlynedd o ddarlledu, darlithio ac ysgrifennu). 20-30 darllediadau radio bob blwyddyn, gan gynnwys cyfresi cyflawn achlysurol. (Yr wyf yn dal yn arbennig o falch o Gwyddonwyr wrth eu Gwaith (1981) sydd yn dal i’w ail-ddarlledu o bryd i'w gilydd.) Yn 2016 yr wyf yn cyd-gyflwyno cyfres wyddoniaeth Radio Cymru (Labordy Deri a Bryn) darlledwyd mis Medi. Achlysurol (2-3 y flwyddyn) rhaglenni teledu (ee, Dawrin, y Cymro a'r Cynllwyn i Telesgop S4C (2014), a gafodd ei henwebu ar gyfer gwobr BAFTA Cymru, a troslais Cymraeg i "Cosmos" (“How the Universe Works” Discovery Science Channel, S4C, (2015)). Yn darlithio yn rheolaidd (3-6 y flwyddyn) i grwpiau lleol a chenedlaethol (gan gynnwys nifer o ddarlithoedd blynyddol gymdeithasau) a Café Scientifique yn Aberystwyth a Bangor). Ryw 40 erthygl fer (gan gynnwys i’r Faner a’r Gwyddonydd). Yn ogystal, ers 2007, yn ysgrifennu'r golofn gwyddoniaeth ar gyfer y cylchgrawn misol Barn. Ymddangosoff yr 100fed ym mis Tachwedd 2016 (gellir eu gweld ar wefan Rwyf yn cyfrannu at Wicipedia (a rhyngweithio gyda staff Wiki Commons yng Nghymru). Anrhydeddwyd yn aelod (Derwydd) o'r Orsedd am boblogeiddio gwyddoniaeth (1994). Medal Gwyddoniaeth a Thechnoleg yr Eisteddfod Genedlaethol (2017). Ethol yn Gymrawd Cymdeithas Ddysgedig Cymru (2018).

Arall: Ymweliadau (gyrfa gyfan) i ysgolion (uwchradd a chynradd). Er enghraifft, yn 2015-16: pump cyflwyniadau ysgol i fyfyrwyr y Fagloriaeth Gymreig (Her Dinasyddiaeth Byd: Therapi genynnau) Cynllun Prosiect Peirianneg Addysg Cymru (Ysgol David Hughes) (ymgynghori a gweithdy labordy). Llywydd Cymdeithas Addysg Gwyddoniaeth (ASE Cymru) 2004-5.

Diddordebau Ymchwil


Ar ôl Gymrodoriaeth Cronfa Gwobr Rank ar egino hadau ym Mangor, yn 1979, caniataodd cymrodoriaethau'r Gymdeithas Frenhinol a'r DFG i mi dreulio 12 mis yng Ngrŵp Ymchwil y Bilen yng Nghanolfan Ymchwil Niwclear Jülich, (Gorllewin) Yr Almaen. Bu'r profiad arloesol yn sylfaen gyrfa ryngwladol gydol oes (ym Mangor) trwy gysylltu biocemeg a bioffiseg ar lefel y gell unigol mewn ffordd unigryw. Drwy ddefnyddio mapio meinwe meintiol gan ddefnyddio microcapilariau (Ann Rev Plant Biol 50: 447, 1999), mae'r labordy SiCSA ym Mangor wedi chwarae rhan fyd-eang o ran deall y cysylltiadau mecanyddol, dŵr a hydoddion sylfaenol ar raddfa’r gell unigol mewn meinweoedd planhigion. I ddechrau gwnaethpwyd disgrifiad o baramedrau cysylltiadau dŵr sylfaenol nad oedd yn hysbys. Yna symud ymlaen drwy fecaneg tyfi dail a gwreiddiau (New Phytol 112: 1, 1989; Plant Physiol 93: 222, 1990) a symudiad (Bot Acta 110: 118, 1997) i gydadwaith osmotig celloedd unigol (Planta 196: 40, 1995) a’u metaboledd (New Phytol 136: 97, 1997; Plant Physiol 124: 599, 2000). Y labordy oedd un o'r cyntaf i fesur mynegiant genynnau mewn celloedd unigol in situ (Plant Physiol 130: 1335, 2002) ac un o nifer fach iawn i gysylltu metaboledd â mynegiant genynnau. Darganfyddiad allweddol oedd rôl allweddol a chwaraeir gan heterogenedd y matrics allgellog (apoplast) (J Exp Bot 52: 623, 2001; Planta 215: 210, 2002). Er gwaethaf llai o allbwn yn y blynyddoedd diwethaf, rwyf wedi cyfrannu yn ddiweddar (fel yr unig wyddonydd planhigion) i ddwy gynhadledd ryngwladol yn y maes " newydd " Dadansoddi Celloedd Sengl (Llundain 2012, Boston, 2014). Cynlluniwyd ac adeiladwyd offer ym Mangor wedi a werthwyd yn byd eang (gan gynnwys i Reken) a daeth ymchwilwyr o bob cwr o'r byd i Fangor ar gyfer hyfforddiant. Cymhwyswyd y wyddoniaeth sylfaenol i ystod eang o gymwysiadau. Mae llawer ohonynt wedi bod yn y cyd-destun cymhwysol o oddef  straen (o dymheredd isel i ddarnau o fagnelau gwrth-tanc (DU)). Mae batri o dechnegau yn parhau i gael ei ddatblygu i ddadansoddi samplau picolitr o gelloedd yn eu lle. Y diweddaraf yw CZE ac MALDI-TOF-MS. Dulliau blaenorol oedd MRI (Cell & Mol. Biol of Wood Formation. Gol. Savidge et al; Bios 101, 2000) a microsgopeg con-ffocal (PNAS 97: 1932 2000). Mae'r technegau hefyd bellach yn cael eu cymhwyso at y rhisosffêr (Plant & Soil 368: 471, 2013), Mewn cyd-destun gwahanol, bu’r labordy yn arloesol yn y rhaglen ryngwladol i fridio reis (Theor Appl gennet 95: 143, 1997). Ers 2009, rwyf wedi bod yn cymryd rhan mewn cyfres o raglenni masnachol-gysylltiedig (BBSRC-Link a KESS) sy'n ymwneud â chynhyrchion gwerthfawr o blanhigion. Roedd y fwyaf o’r rhain yn ymwneud a rhan Galanthamine (alkaloid) (cyffur gwrth clefyd Alzheimer) mewn cennin Pedr. Daeth y rhain a mi yn agosach at unigolion yn Ysgol Cemeg Bangor. Yn 2018 'roeddwn yn gweithio gyda'r Athro Bela Paizs yn addasu allbwn CZE ungell ar gyfer Spectrometreg Mas.


Cyhoeddiadau Ymchwil

A. Papurau Ymchwil ac Adolygiadau
(Adolygiadau: **, cyffredinol; *, o'm gwaith fy hun)

 1.  A.D. Tomos & D.H. Northcote.  (1978).  A protein - glycan intermediate during paramylon synthesis.  Biochem. J. 174, 283 - 290.

2**.  A.D. Tomos & D.L. Laidman (1979).  The control of mobilization and metabolism in the aleurone tissue during germination.  In Recent Advances in the Biochemistry of Cereals.  D.L. Laidman & R.R. Wyn Jones (eds) Academic Press, London.  pp. 119  -  146.

3**.  DL Laidman & A.D. Tomos (1979).  The control of some aspects of cereal aleurone activity during germination.  News bulletin British Plant Growth Regulator Group 3, 1  -  4

4.  DL Laidman, EM McDonnell, R.B. Mirbahar, N.O. Mukhtar, F.G. Pulford, A.D. Tomos (1979) in Mineral nutrition of plants.  K. Kudrev, Iv. Stoyanov & V. Georgieva (eds) Cen. Coop. Union, Sofia 1, 227 - 240.

5.  A.D. Tomos, E. Steudle, U. Zimmermann & E.D. Schulze (1981).  Water relations of leaf epidermal cells of Tradescantia virginiana.  Plant Physiol. 68, 1135 - 1143.

6.  E.M. McDonnell, F.G. Pulford, R.B. Mirbahar, A.D. Tomos & D.L. Laidman (1982)  Membrane lipid levels and phosphatidyl choline turnover in embryos from germinating high and low vigour wheat.  (Triticum aestivum) J. Exp. Bot. 33, 631 - 642.

7. A.D. Tomos & U. Zimmermann (1982).  Determination of water relation parameters of individual higher plant cells.  In Biophysics of Water.  F. Franks & S. Mathias  (eds) Wiley, Chichester pp. 256 - 261.

8.  A.D. Tomos & R.G. Wyn Jones (1982).  Water relations in the epidermal cells of the halophyte Suaeda maritima in Biophysics of water . F. Franks & S. Mathias ( eds) Wiley, Chichester pp 327 - 331.

9.  D. Eamus & A.D. Tomos (1993).  The influence of abscisic acid on the water relations of leaf epidermal cells of Rhoeo discolor.  Plant Sci. Letts. 31, 253 - 259.

10. H. Jones, A.D. Tomos, R.A. Leigh & R.G. Wyn Jones (1983).  Water relations parameters of epidermal and cortical cells in the primary root of    Triticum aestivum L. Planta 158, 230 - 236.

11. R.A. Leigh & A.D. Tomos (1983).  An attempt to use isolated vacuoles to determine the distribution of sodium and potassium in cells of storage roots of red beet.  (Beta vulgaris L).  Planta 159, 469 - 475.

12.  A.D. Tomos, R.A. Leigh, C.A. Shaw & R.G. Wyn Jones (1984).  A comparison of methods for measuring turgor pressures and osmotic pressures of cells of red beet storage tissues.  J. Exp.    Bot. 35, 1675 - 1683.

13**. A.D. Tomos (1985).  Physical limitations to leaf cell expansion.  SEB Symposium Vol. 27, N.R. Baker, W.D. Davies & C. Ong (eds) Cambridge U.P. pp 1 - 33.

14.  N. Clipson, A.D. Tomos, T. Flowers & R.G. Wyn Jones (1985) Salt tolerance in the halophyte Suaeda maritime L. Dum.  The maintenance of turgor pressure and water potential gradients in plants growing at different salinities.  Planta 165, 392 - 396.

15. R.E. Wyse, E. Zamski & A.D. Tomos (1985) Turgor regulation of sucrose transport in sugar beet taproot tissues.  Plant Physiol. 81, 478 - 481.

16. H. Jones, R.A. Leigh, A.D. Tomos & R.B. Wyn Jones (1987) The effect of abscisic acid on cell turgor pressures, solute content and growth of wheat roots.    Planta 170, 257  -  262.

17.    CA Perry, R.A. Leigh, A.D. Tomos, R.E. Wyse & J.L. Hall (1987) The regulation of turgor pressure during sucrose mobilisation and salt accumulation by excised storage-root tissue of red beet.  Planta 170, 353-61

18.    J. Pritchard, A.D. Tomos & R.C. Wyn Jones (1987) Control of wheat root elongation growth. I. Effects of ions on growth rate, wall rheology and cell water relations. J. Exp.   Bot. 38, 948 - 959.

19.    J.A. Palta, R.G. Wyn Jones & A.D. Tomos (1987) Leaf diffusive conductivities and tap root cell turgor pressure of sugarbeet.  Plant Cell & Environ. 10, 737 - 740.

20.    C.A. Perry, R.A. Leigh, A.D. Tomos & J.L. Hall (1987) Osmotic factors affecting the mobilisation of sucrose from vacuoles of red beet storage root tissue. in Plant Vacuoles ‑ Their importance in compartmentation and in plant biotechnology. B. Martin (ed).  Plenum Press, New York, pp89 - 94.

21     H. Jones, R.A. Leigh, R.G. Wyn Jones & A.D. Tomos (1988) The integration of whole‑root and cellular hydraulic conductivities in cereal roots.  Planta 174, 1 - 7.

22.    T.G.C. Rich & A.D. Tomos (1988) Turgor pressure and phototropism in Sinapis alba L. seedlings. J. Exp. Bot. 39, 291 - 299.

23**. A.D. Tomos & R.G. Wyn Jones (1988) Some transport properties of cells within tissues. in Solute Transport in Plant Cells and Tissues. D.A. Baker & J.L. Hall (eds), Longman pp 220 - 250.

24**. A.D. Tomos (1988) Cellular water relations of plants. Water Science Reviews 3, F. Franks (ed) Cambridge U.P. pp 186 - 277.

25.    M. Malone, A.D. Tomos & R.A. Leigh (1988) Osmolarity and salt composition in single cells. (published poster) J. Food Sci. Agric 46, 25 - 27.

26.    J. Pritchard, R.G. Wyn Jones & A.D. Tomos (1988) Control of wheat root growth.  The effects of excision on growth, wall rheology and root anatomy.  Planta 176, 399 - 405.

27*.  AD Tomos, M Malone & J Pritchard (1989) The biophysics of differential growth. Env Exp Bot. 29, 7-23.

28.    A. Thomas, A.D. Tomos, J.L. Stoddart, H. Thomas & C.J. Pollock (1989) Cell expansion rate, temperature and turgor pressure in growing   Lolium temulentum leaves. New Phytol 112, 1 - 5.

29.    J. Pritchard, G. Williams, R.G. Wyn Jones & A.D. Tomos (1989) Radial turgor pressure profiles in growing and mature zones of wheat roots ‑ A modification of the pressure probe. J. Exp. Bot. 40, 567-71.

30.    M Malone, R.A Leigh & A.D Tomos (1989) Extraction and analysis of sap from individual wheat leaf cells: the effect of sampling speed on the osmotic pressure of extracted sap.  Plant Cell & Env 12, 919-26.

31**. A.D. Tomos, J. Pritchard, A. Thomas & H. Arif (1989) Using the pressure probe to study salt, water and cold stress in Plant water relations and growth under stress. M. Tazawa, M. Katsumi, Y. Masuda & H. Okamoto (eds). MYU K.K. Tokyo. pp 245 - 252.

32.    A.D. Tomos (1989) Turgor pressure and membrane transport. in Plant membrane transport: The Current position.  J Dainty, MI. de Michelis, E Marrè & F Rasi‑Caldogno (eds) Elsevier, Amsterdam pp 559-562.

33.    J. Pritchard, G. Adam, P.W. Barlow & A.D. Tomos (1990) Biophysics of the inhibition of the growth of maize roots by lowered temperature.  Plant   Physiol. 93 222 - 230.

34.    J. Pritchard, R.G.Wyn Jones & A.D. Tomos (1990) Measurement of yield threshold and cell wall extensibility of intact wheat roots under different ionic, osmotic and temperature treatments. J. Exp. Bot. 41 669 - 675.

35.    M. Malone, R.A. Leigh & A.D. Tomos (1990) A simple pressure-probe method for the determination of volume in higher plant cells. Planta 182, 199 - 203.

36**. A.D. Tomos (1990) Growth ‑ A role for plant growth regulators ? in British Plant Growth Regulator Group Monograph 21, pp 53 - 69.

37.    C.J. Pollock, A.D. Tomos, A. Thomas , C.J. Smith, E.J. LLoyd & J.L. Stoddart (1990) Exterior growth in a barley mutant with reduced sensitivity to low temperature. New.   Phytol 115 617 - 623.

38.    Malone, M., Leigh, R.A. & Tomos, A.D. (1991) Concentrations of vacuolar inorganic ions in individual cells of intact wheat leaf epidermis. J. Exp.   Bot., 42, 305 - 309

39.    Pritchard, J., Wyn Jones, R.G. & Tomos A.D. (1991) Turgor, growth and rheological gradients of wheat roots following osmotic stress. J. Exp.   Bot. 42 1043 - 1049

40.    Zhen, R-G, Koyro, H.-W., Leigh, R.A., Tomos, A.D and Miller, A.J. (1991) Compartmental nitrate concentrations in barley root cells measured with nitrate-selective microelectrodes and by single-cell sap sampling. Planta 185, 356 - 361

41*.  Tomos, A.D., Leigh, R.A., Palta, J. and Williams, J.H.H. (1992) Sucrose and cell water relations. In: Carbon Partitioning (eds. C.J. Pollock, J.F. Farrar and A.J. Gordon).   Bios Publishing, Oxford. pp. 71-89

42.    Wiencke, C., Gorham, J., Tomos, A.D & Davenport, J. (1992) Incomplete turgor adjustment in Cladophora rupestris under fluctuating salinity regimes.   Esturine, Coastal & Shelf   Sci. 34, 413 - 427

43.    Malone, M and Tomos, A.D (1992) Measurement of gradients of water potential in elongating pea stem by pressure probe and picoliter osmometry. J. Exp.  Bot. 43, 1325 - 1331

44*.  Tomos, A.D., Leigh, R.A., Hinde, P., Richardson, P. and Williams, J.H.H. (1992) Measuring water and solute relations in single cells in situ. in Current Topics in Plant Biochemistry and Physiology, Vol 11. Interdiscip. Plant  Biochem. and  Physiol. Program, U. of Missouri, Columbia. pp 168 - 177 

45**. Tomos A.D. (1992) Resurrection Plants.. Life without water. Current Biol. 2, 594 - 6

46.    Pritchard, J., Hetherington, R., Fry. S. and Tomos, A.D. (1993) Changes in cell-wall properties along the growth profile of roots. The action of some enzymes of the wall. in Current Topics in Plant Biochem and Physiol, Vol 11. Interdisciplinary Plant Biochem. and Physiol. Program, U. Missouri, Columbia. p 300 

47.    Thorpe M.R., Minchin, P.E.H., Williams, J.H.H., Farrar, J.F. and Tomos A.D (1993) Carbon import into developing ovules of Pisum sativum. The role of water relations of the seed coat. J. Exp. Bot. 44, 937-45

48*.  Pritchard, J. & Tomos A.D. (1993) Correlating biophysical and biochemical control of root cell expansion. In: Water Deficits (eds Smith, JAC. & Griffiths, H.)   Bios Publishing, Oxford, pp. 53 - 72)

49.    Pritchard, J., Hetherington, P.R., Fry, S.C. & Tomos A.D. (1993) Xyloglucan endo-transglycosylase activity, microfibril orientation and the profiles of cell wall properties along growing regions of maize roots. J. Exp. Bot. 44, 1281 - 1289

50**. Leigh R.A. & Tomos A.D. (1993) Ion distributions in cereal leaves: Pathways and mechanisms. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. 341, 75 - 86

51.    Rygol, J., Pritchard, J., Zhu, J.J., Tomos A.D., & Zimmermann, U. (1993) Transpiration induces radial turgor pressure gradients in wheat and maize roots. Plant   Physiol. 103 493 – 500

51b. Arif H & Tomos AD (1993) Control of wheat leaf growth under saline conditions. in Towards the rational use of high salinity tolerant plants. Vol 2. eds H. Lieth & A. Al Masoom . Kluwer Academic Pub. 45-52

52.    Tomos A.D, Hinde, P., Richardson, P., Pritchard, J. & Fricke W. (1994) Microsampling and measurements of solutes in single cells. in Plant Cell Biology - A Practical Approach. eds. N. Harris & K. Oparka. IRL Press, Oxford. pp. 297 - 314.

53.    Pardossi, A., Pritchard, J & Tomos A.D. (1994) comparison of pressure probe and pressure chamber technique to study the effect of leaf illumination and root cooling on the water relations of expanding primary leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. J. Exp. Bot. 45, 415 - 422

54.    Fricke, W., Leigh, R.A., Tomos, A.D. (1994) Concentrations of inorganic and organic solutes in extracts from individual epidermal, mesophyll and bundle-sheath cells of barley leaves. Planta 192, 310 - 316

55.    Fricke, W., Leigh, R.A., Tomos, A.D. (1994) Epidermal solute concentrations and osmolality in barley leaves studied at the single-cell level. Changes along the leaf blade, during leaf ageing and NaCl stress. Planta 192, 317 - 323

56.    Fricke, W., Pritchard, J., Leigh, R.A., Tomos, A.D (1994) Cells of the upper and lower epidermis of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaves exhibit distinct patterns of vacuolar solutes. Plant Physiol. 104,1201-8

57.    Fricke,W., Leigh, R.A. & Tomos, A.D. (1994) Intercellular solute compartmentation in barley leaves. in "Sodium in Agriculture", eds. Phillips C.J.C. and Chiy, P.C. Chalcombe Publications. pp 33 - 42

58*.  Pritchard J & Tomos A.D (1994) Cell wall properties and microfibril orientation along the growing zone of maize roots following osmotic adjustment. in Biochem. mechanisms involved in plant growth regn. eds. Smith C.J., Gallan, J., Chiatante D, & Zocchi G. Oxford Sci. Publications. pp. 201 - 216.

59*.  Tomos A.D. & Pritchard J (1994) Biophysical and biochemical control of cell expansion in roots and leaves. J. Exp. Bot. 45, 1721 - 1731

60.    Bell, C., Fordham, M., Richardson, P., Cram, J. and Tomos A.D. (1995) Cellular and subcellular compartmentation of sulphate in leaves in relation to low sulphur mobility.  Z. Pflanzenenehrung und Bodenkund. 158, 63 - 65

61.    Fricke, W., Hinde, P.S., Leigh, R.A., Tomos, A.D. (1995) Vacuolar solutes in the upper epidermis of barley leaves. Intercellular differences follow patterns. Planta 196, 40 - 49

62.    Triboulot, M-B., Pritchard, J. & Tomos A.D. (1995) Stimulation and inhibition of pine root growth by osmotic stress. New Phytologist. 130, 169 - 175

63.   Webster, J., Davey, R.A., Smirnoff, N., Fricke, W., Hinde, P., Tomos A.D. & Turner J.C.R. (1995) Mannitol and hexoses are components of Buller's Drop. Mycological Research. 99, 833 - 838

64.    Fricke, W., Leigh, R.A. & Tomos, A.D. (1996) The intercelular distribution of vacuolar solutes in the epidermis and mesophyll of barley leaves changes in response to NaCl.  J. Exp. Bot  47, 1413 - 1426

65.    Price, A.H., Knight M., Knight, H., Cuin, T., Tomos, A.D. & Ashenden, T. (1996) Cytosolic calcium and oxidative plant stress. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 24, 479 - 483

66.    Griffiths A, Parry A.D., Jones, H.G. & Tomos A.D  (1996)  Abscisic acid and turgor pressure regulation in tomato roots.  J. Plant Physiol. 149, 372 - 376

67.    Peters, W. & Tomos A.D. (1996) The History of Tissue Tension.  Annals of Botany 77, 657 - 665

68.    Johnson, J.M., Pritchard, J., Gorham, J. & Tomos A.D. (1996) Growth, water relations and solute accumulation in osmotically-stressed seedlings of the tropical tree Colophospermum mopane. Tree Physiology 16, 713 - 718

69.    Peters, W & Tomos, A.D. (1996) The epidermis still in control ? Botanica Acta  109, 264 – 267

70.  Irving, M.S., Ritter S., Tomos, A.D., & Koller, D. (1996) Phototropic response of the bean pulvinus: Movement of water and ions. Botanica Acta  110, 118-126

71.    Pritchard, J., Fricke, W. & Tomos A.D. (1996) Turgor-regulation during extension growth and osmotic stress of maize roots. An example of single - cell mapping.  Plant & Soil. 187, 11 - 21

72.    Price A & Tomos A.D  (1996) Molecular genetics of drought resistance in rice. Plant Sciences Research Programme Conference on Semi-Arid Systems (ed E.M. Young) ODA. 22-23

73.    Price., A.H, Virk, D.S. & Tomos A.D (1997) Genetic dissection of root growth in rice (Oryza sativa L.)  I. A hydroponic screen. Theor Appl Genet 95, 132-142

74.    Price, A.H. & Tomos A.D. (1997) Genetic dissection of root growth in rice (Oryza sativa L.)  II. Mapping quantitative trait loci using molecular markers. Theor Appl Genet 95, 143-152

75.    Koroleva OA, Farrar JF, Tomos, AD ,Pollock, CJ. (1997) Solute patterns in individual mesophyll, bundle sheath and epidermal cells of barley leaves induced to accumulate carbohydrate. New Phytol. 136 97-104

76.    Griffiths A, Jones HG, TomosAD (1997)Applied abscisic acid, root growth and turgor pressure responses of roots of wild-type and the ABA-deficient mutant, Notabilis, of tomato. J Plant Physiol 151 60-62

77. Price A.H., Young E.M. & Tomos A.D. (1997) Quantitative trait loci for stomatal conductance, leaf     rolling and heading date mapped in upland rice (Oryza sativa L). New Phytologist 137, 83-91

78. Tomos, D. (1997) Cell turgor pressure in tissues. Plant Biomechanics 1997. eds G. Jeronimidis & JFV Vincent.  Biomimetrics, Reading Uni. pp 81-87

79. Bates NJ, Cram WJ & Tomos AD (1997) Sulphate concentrations in wheat epidermis measured at single cell resolution - influence of N and S supply. in Sulphur metabolism in higher plants. eds Cram WJ., de Kok L.J., Stulen I, Brunold C & Rennenberg H. Backhuys Publ. Leiden. pp 315-317

80. Bazzanella A., Lochmann H., Tomos AD & Bächmann K (1998) Determination of inorganic cations and anions in single plant cells by capillary zone electrophoresis. J. Chromatography A. 809 231-239

81. Hinde P.S., Richardson, P., Koyro, H-W. & Tomos A.D. (1998) Quantitative solute analysis of individual plant cells: a comparison of two approaches to X-ray microanalysis.  J. Microsp. 191 303-310

82. Koroleva, O.A., Farrar, J.F., Tomos, A.D. & Pollock, C.J. (1998) Carbohydrates in individual cells of epidermis, mesophyll and bundle sheath in barley leaves with changed export or photosynthetic rate. Plant Physiol. 118, 1525-1532

83.** Tomos, A.D. & Leigh R.A. (1999)  The Pressure Probe: A versatile tool in Plant Cell Physiology.  Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 50, 447-472

84. Korolev AV, Tomos AD, Bowtell R, & Farrar J.F. (2000) Spatial and temporal distribution of solutes in the developing carrot taproot measured at single-cell resolution.  J. Exp. Bot. 51, 567-577

85. Tomos AD, Korolev AV, Farrar JF, Nicolay K, Bowtell R & Koeckenberger W. (2000) Water and solute relations of the carrot cambium studied at single-cell resolution.  In Cell & Mol. Biol of Wood Formation. Eds Savidge R, Barnett J & Napier R. Bios. 101-112

86. Goddard H, Manison NFH, Tomos D & Brownlee C (2000) Elemental propagation of calcium signals in response-specific patterns determined by environmental stimulus strength. PNAS  97, 1932-7

87.* Tomos D. (2000)   The plant cell pressure probe.  Biotechnol Letts.  22, 437-442

88. Peters WS, Hagemann W & Tomos AD. (2000) What makes a plant ? Principles of extracellular matrix function in "soft" plant tissues. Comparative, Biochemistry and Physiology A 125, 151-167

89. Peters WS & Tomos AD (2000). The mechanic state of "inner tissue" in the growing zone of sunflower hypocotyls and the regulation of its growth rate following excision. Plant Physiol. 123: (2) 605-612

90. Tomos, A.D. (2000) Placing a GM-Wales in a time-warp.  Agenda (Journal of the Institute of Welsh Affairs). Summer 2000  35-7

91. Koroleva OA, Tomos AD, Farrar JF, Roberts P, Pollock CJ. (2000) Tissue distribution of primary metabolism between epidermal, mesophyll and parenchymatous bundle sheath cells in barley leaves. Aust. J. Plant Physiol.  27, 747-755

92. Korolev AV,  Tomos AD & Farrar AD. (2000). The trans-tissue pathway and chemical fate of 14C photoassimilate in carrot taproot.  New Phytol. 147, 299-306

93. Koroleva O.A., Davies D.A., Deeken R., Thorpe M.R., Tomos A.D. & Hedrich R. (2000) Identification of a new glucosinolate-rich cell type in Arabidopsis flower stalk. Plant Physiol. 124, 599-608

94.* Leigh R.A, Walker D.J.  Fricke, W.,  Tomos A.D., & Miller A.J. (1999) Patterns of potassium compart-mentation in plant cells as revealed by microelectrodes and microsampling. In: Frontiers in Potassium Nutrition: New perspectives on the effects of Potassium on the physiology of plants. (eds D.M. Oosterhuis & Berkowitz) The potash and phosphate institute and the Crop Sci Soc of America . pp 63-70

95.**Tomos AD, Leigh RA, Koroleva OA (2000) Spatial and temporal variation in vacuolar contents. Annual Plant Reviews Vol. 5, (Vacuolar Compartments). (eds DG Robinson and Rogers JC) Sheffield Academic Press.  pp  174-198

96.* Pollock CJ., Farrar J.F., Koroleva O.A., Gallagher J.A. & Tomos A.D. (2000) Intracellular and intercellular compartmentation of carbohydrate metabolism in leaves of temperate gramineae. Revta brasil.Bot. (Brazilian Reviews of Botany). 23, 349-356

97. Koroleva OA, Tomos AD, Farrar JF, Gallagher J & Pollock CJ (2001)  Carbon allocation and sugar status in individual cells of barley leaves affects expression of sucrose-fructan 6-fructosyltransferase gene. Annals of Applied Biology. 138, 27-32

98. Tomos AD, Sharrock RA (2001) Cell sampling and analysis (SiCSA). Metabolites measured at single cell resolution. J. Exp. Bot. 52, 623-630

99. Gallagher J.A., Koroleva O.A., Tomos A.D., Farrar J.F. & Pollock C.J. (2001) Single Cell analysis technique for analysis of specific mRNA abundance in plant cells. J. Plant Phys. 158,1089-1092

100. Valérie Laval, Olga A. Koroleva, Elaine Murphy, Chungui Lu, Joel J. Milner, Mark A. Hooks, A. Deri Tomos. (2002)  Distribution of actin gene isoforms in the Arabidopsis leaf measured in microsamples from intact individual cells. Planta  215, 287-292

101.  Kenny, D.A., P.G. Humpherson, H.J. Leese, D.G. Morris, M.G. Diskin, A.D. Tomos and J.M. Sreenan (2002)  The Effect of Elevated Systemic Concentrations of Ammonia and Urea on the Metabolite and Ionic Composition of Oviduct Fluid in Cattle.  Biology of Reproduction 66, 1797-1804

102. Lu C., Koroleva, O.A., Farrar J.F., Gallagher J, Pollock C.J. & Tomos A.D (2002) Measuring light-dependent gene expression in individual barley leaf cells using single-cell reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (SC-RT-PCR). Plant Physiology 130, 1335-1348

103. Koroleva, O.A., Tomos A.D. Farrar, J.F., & Pollock, C.J. (2002) Water relations of individual cells of barley source leaves in planta. Planta 215, 210-219

104. Darwent MJ, Paterson E, McDonald AJS and Tomos AD (2003) Sensor reporting of root exudation from Hordeum vulgare in relation to shoot nitrate concentration. J. Exp. Bot. 54, 325-334

105. Pollock C, Farrar J, Tomos D, Gallagher J, Lu C & Koroleva O (2003) Balancing supply and demand: the spatial regulation of carbon metabolism in grass and cereal leaves. J. Exp Bot. 54, 489-494

106.   Pritchard J, Tomos AD, Farrar J F, Minchin PEH, Gould N, Paul MJ, MacRae EA, Ferrieri RA, Gray DW & Thorpe MR (2004)   Turgor, solute import and growth in maize roots treated with galactose Functional Plant Biology, 31 (11) 1095-1103

107. Voitsekhovskaja OV, Koroleva OA, Batashev DR, Knop C, Tomos AD, Gamalei YV, Heldt HW & Lohaus G (2006) Phloem loading in two Scrophulariaceae species. What can drive symplastic flow via plasmo-desmata? Plant Physiology 140: 383-395

108. Farrell AD, Ougham HJ & Tomos AD (2006) The effect of gibberellic acid on the response of leaf extension to low temperature. Plant Cell & Environment 29: 1329-1337

109. Verscht J, Tomos D & Komor E (2006) Sugar concentrations along and across the Ricinus communis L. hypocotyls measured by single cell sampling analysis. Planta 224: 1303-1314

110. Roberts, Karen, Love, Andrew J., Laval, Valerie, Laird, Janet, Tomos, A. Deri, Hooks, Mark A., & Milner, Joel J. (2007) Long-distance movement of Cauliflower mosaic virus and host defence responses in Arabidopsis follow a predictable pattern that is determined by the leaf orthostichy. New Phytologist  175, 707-717    

111. Love, Andrew J., Laval, Valerie, Geri, Chiara, Laird, Janet, Tomos, A. Deri, Hooks, Mark A., Milner, Joel J. (2007) Components of Arabidopsis defense- and ethylene-signaling pathways regulate susceptibility to Cauliflower mosaic virus by restricting long-distance movement Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 20,  659-670

112. Allen E, Hooks M, Moing A, Marcourt M, Tomos D, Rolin D, Ebbels T. (2007). Metabolite regulation of gene expression during the heterotrophic to autotrophic transition in developing seedling of Arabidopsis. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology a-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 146, DOI 10.1016/j.cbpa.2007.1001.1590|1028.

113. Hounsome N, Hounsome B, Tomos D, Edwards-Jones G. (2008). Plant metabolites and nutritional quality of vegetables. Journal of Food Science 73, R48-R65.

114. Edwards-Jones G, Canals LMI, Hounsome N, Truninger M, Koerber G, Hounsome B, Cross P, York EH, Hospido A, Plassmann K, Harris IM, Edwards RhT, Day GAS, Tomos AD, Cowell SJ, Jones DL. (2008). Testing the assertion that 'local food is best': the challenges of an evidence-based approach. Trends in Food Science & Technology 19, 265-274.

115. Hounsome N, Hounsome B, Tomos D, Edwards-Jones G. (2009). Changes in antioxidant compounds in white cabbage during winter storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology 52, 173-179.

116. Allen, E; Moing, A; Ebbels, TM, Maucourt, M., Tomos, A. D., Rolin, D. & Hooks, M. A. (2010) Correlation Network Analysis reveals a sequential reorganization of metabolic and transcriptional states during germination and gene-metabolite relationships in developing seedlings of Arabidopsis BMC Systems Biology    Volume: 4  Article Number: 62  

117.  Garzon T, Gunse B, Moreno AR, Tomos AD, Barcelo J, Poschenrieder C. (2011). Aluminium-induced alteration of ion homeostasis in root tip vacuoles of two maize varieties differing in Al tolerance. Plant Science 180, 709-715.

118. Brittain SR, Cox AG, Tomos AD, Paterson Siripinyanond A, McLeod, CW. (2012) Chemical speciation studies on DU contaminated soils using flow field flow fractionation linked to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (FlFFF-ICP-MS).  Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14, 782-790

119. Tandy S, Brittain SR, Grail, BM, Mcleod CW, Paterson E, Tomos, AD (2013) Fine scale measurement and mapping of uranium in soil solution in soil and plant-soil microcosms, with special reference to depleted uranium. Plant and Soil 368, 471-482 

120. Al-Salih HS,  Fathi RA, Godbold DL,  Tomos AD (2014) Detection of Uranium contamination in Acacia cell sap by Capillary Zone Electrophoresis (CZE) technique.  Journal of Nat. Sciences Research 4, 40-48

121. Tomos A.D. (2015) Use of CE to analyse solutes in pico- and nano-litre samples from plant cells and rhizosphere.  Capillary Electrophoresis. Methods and Protocols. 181-194 (2017) Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin (gol). Springer. (Rhan o gyfres llyfr Methods in Molecular Biology (MIMB, cyfrol 1483)
122. Olga V. Voitsekhovskaja, Kirill N. Demchenko, Anna N. Melnikova, Alexandra N. Ivanova, Anastasiia I. Evkaikina, Gertrud Lohaus, Hans-Walter Held, A. Deri Tomos, Elena V. Tyutereva and Olga A. Koroleva (submitted to Ann Bot) Comparative study of plasmodesmata distribution in leaves of four species with contrasting phloem loading mode.

 B. Darlithoedd a gwahoddwyd neu a chynigwyd.

 i. Prifysgolion a Chanolfannau Ymchwil.

1984: Edinburgh.
1985: Davis, Calif; U. Washington; Texas A & M; Pennsylvania State; Utah State; Aberystwyth; Leicester
1987: Lancaster; Liverpool.
1988: York.
1989: Würzburg; Bayreuth
1991: Long Ashton Research Station; Pisa
1992: NIAB/NIBGE, Faizalabad; Exeter
1993: Hannover; Zeneca (J.H); Tokyo (A&T); Yokohama
1994: Sussex; Bayreuth; Würzburg;
1995: Aberystwyth
1996: Newcastle, Jülich
1997: Giessen; Beyreuth; Nottingham (Sutton Bonnington)
1998: Aberdeen
1999: Oxford, HRI Wellesbourne;
2001: York, Glasgow
2002: Golm (Max Plank); Lancaster; Montpellier (INRA)
2004: Jülich; Halle
2006: Nottingham
2007: Nottingham
2008: Adelaide (Woolhouse Lecture)
2009: Cumbria (Steudle/Hartung retirement)
2010: Sheffield


 ii. Cynhadleddau a Symposia

(cyflwynwyd gan yr andur gyntaf)

1.   A.D. Tomos & D.L. Laidman (1978) Recent Advances in Cereal Biochemistry (Bangor)

2.   A.D. Tomos & R.G. Wyn Jones (1984) Plant Cell Water Relations. To "Biophysics in Wales", a conference held to celebrate the centenary of University College Cardiff

3.   A.D. Tomos & R.G. Wyn Jones (1984) Plant Water Relations. Int. Symp. on Osmoregulation (Obermarchtal).

4.   A.D. Tomos (1985)  Phytochemical Society of Europe (Bangor)

5.   A.D. Tomos, R.G. Wyn Jones & R.E. Wyse (1986) Turgor regulation of sucrose uptake in beet tap root.  SEB (Southampton).

6.   A.D. Tomos (1986) Water transport studies at single cell resolution.  Plant Transport Group (York).

7.   A.D. Tomos & R.E. Wyse (1986) Pressure‑regulated proton pump in beet storage cells.  5th FESPP meeting (Hamburg).

8.   A.D. Tomos, J. Palta‑Paz & H. Arif.  (1987). Pressure probe measurements on osmotically stressed plants.  NATO workshop on environmental stress (Norwich).

9.   A.D. Tomos & J. Pritchard (1989) Using the pressure probe to study root growth. III‑ Cycle Romande en Sciences Biologiques.  Table‑Ronde.  (Lausanne).

10. M.Malone, R.A. Leigh & A.D. Tomos (1988) Osmotic pressure in individual leaf cells: Effect of rate of sample extraction. SEB/PTG (Gregynog)

11. A.D. Tomos (1989) Growth- A role for plant growth regulators ?  SEB/BSPGR (Lancaster)

12. A.D. Tomos (1989) Measuring plant water and solute relations at single-cell resolution. (1st Stapledon Memorial Seminar). (WPBS, Aberystwyth)

13. J.Pritchard & A.D. Tomos (1990) Turgor, osmotic and growth gradients along extending maize roots during and following osmotic adjustment. SEB/PTG (Edinburgh)

14. J.H.H. Williams, H.-W. Koyro, P.S. Hinde, P. Richardson, R.A. Leigh & A.D. Tomos (1990) Measuring single cell water and solute relations. 1. Measurement of osmotic pressure and solutes. ibid

15. H.W. Koyro, J.H.H. Williams, P. Richardson., P.S. Hinde., R.A. Leigh & A.D. Tomos (1990) Measuring single cell water and solute relations. ". Application to several questions of crop plant nutrition. ibid

16. A.D. Tomos (1989) Turgor pressure and membrane transport. 8th Int. Workshop on Plant Membrane Transport (Venice)

17. A.D. Tomos, J. Pritchard, A. Thomas & H. Arif (1989) Using the pressure probe to study salt, water and cold stress. XII Yamada Conference on Plant Water Relations and Growth under Stress (Osaka)

18. P.S. Hinde, R.A. Leigh & A.D. Tomos (1991) How is osmotic pressure maintained in a "potassium exporting" leaf ? SEB/PTG (Oaklands)

19. A.D. Tomos (1990) Water and solute relations at single cell resolution. Seminar on Environ­mental Physiology to the Plants & Environment Research Committee of AFRC. (Rothamsted).

20. A.D. Tomos (1991) Plant water and solute relations at single cell resolution. First Symposi­um of the SFB 251. "Okologie, Physiologie und Biochemie pflanzlicher Leistung unter Stress" (Retzbach).

21. A.D. Tomos, R.A. Leigh, J.H.H. Williams, H.-W. Koyro, J. Pritchard, P. Hinde & P. Richardson (1991) Vacuolar solutes. How much variation from cell to cell ? SEB (Birmingham). [Abs in J. Exp Bot 42, 25]

22. R.G.W. Jones, J. Pritchard, A.D. Tomos (1991) Modulation of cell elongation growth by environmental stress. Int. Symp. Biochemical mechanisms of growth regulation. (Milan)

23. Pritchard, J., & A.D. Tomos (1991) Cell wall properties and microfibril orientation along the growing zone of maize roots following osmotic adjustment. ibid

24. Tomos, A.D., Leigh, R.A., Hinde, P., Richardson, P. and Williams, J.H.H. (1992) Measuring water and solute relations in single cells in situ. Current Topics in Plant Biochemistry and Physiology, Missouri

25. Tomos, A.D., Hinde, P., Richardson, P., Koyro, H.-W., Williams, J.H.H., Pritchard, J. and Leigh, R.A. (1992) Cell-to-cell variation in vacuole solute content. SEB (Lancaster) [Abs: J. Exp. Bot. 43, suppl. p 26]

26. Tomos, A.D. (1992) Turgor regulation of sucrose synthesis. ibid [Abs: J. Exp. Bot. 43, suppl. p 11]

27. P. Richardson, R.A. Leigh & A.D. Tomos (1992) Osmotic regulation of wheat leaf epidermis under varying nitrate availability. SEB/PTG (Oxford)

28. A.D. Tomos (1992) Enabling methodologies: Single Cell Sampling. AFRC Plant Transport Coordn Meeting, (York).

29. A.D. Tomos & J. Pritchard (1993) The role of water in plant growth. COST 814 Meeting (Aberystwyth). [Abs: in Crop adaptation to cool, wet climates. eds Wilson D, Thomas H., Pithan, K. Commission of the European Communities, Brussels. p 225 (abstract)

30. A.D. Tomos (1993) Possible roles for cell-wall solutes in plant responses to salt and water stress. STRESSNET (AIR) Meeting (Manchester).

31. A.D. Tomos (1993) Single-cell sampling. Int. Conf. Sodium in Agricultural Production. (Bangor)

32. W. Fricke, R.A. Leigh & A.D. Tomos (1993) Compartmentation of inorganic and organic solutes between individual epidermal and mesophyll cells of barley leaves. ibid

33. W.Fricke & A.D. Tomos (1993) Nitrate concentrations of individual cells of cereal leaves. Effects of light and nutrient status. 4th AFRC Meeting on Plant & Soil Nitrogen Metabolism (Silsoe)

34. A.D. Tomos & J. Pritchard (1993) Water and solute relations of expanding cereal roots. XV Int. Bot. Congress (Yokohama)

35. Fricke, W., Leigh, R.A. & Tomos A.D. (1993) Solute compartmentation between mesophyll, bundle sheath and epidermal cells of barley leaves. ASPP (Am. Soc. Plant Physiol.) (Minneapolis) [Abs: Plant Physiol. 102, (suppl) p 33]

36. Fricke, W., Leigh, R.A. & Tomos A.D. (1993) Solute concentrations and osmotic pressure in single epidermal cells of barley: Changes along the leaf blade and during leaf ageing. ibid [Abs: Plant Physiol. 102, (suppl) p 35]

37. P.S. Hinde & A.D. Tomos (1994) Sampling and analysing solutes from intact plant cells. Biological X-ray microanalysis Spring Meeting. (Sheffield)

38. Peters, W, A.D. Tomos & H. Felle (1994) Warum die Epidermis das Wachstum nicht kontrolliert - Einige vergessene Fakten und Experimente. Satelliten-Symp. zur Botanikertagung (Bad Honnef)

39. Fricke, W, W. Peters, A.D. Tomos & H. Felle (1994) Zur Verbreitung, kinetik und Mechanismus spontaner Anderungen des apoplastischen pH in Coleoptilen veschiedener Gr@ser. ibid.

40. Triboulot, M-B., Pritchard, J. & A.D. Tomos (1994) Water relations of root growth of Pinus pinaster at single-cell level. CNRS. Biomecanique des vegetaux. (Montpellier)

41. Pritchard, J. & Tomos A.D. (1994) The biophysics of root growth. ibid

42. Irving, MS, Ritter, S, Koller, D & AD Tomos (1994) The mechanism of leaf movement in bean Phaseolus vulgaris. ibid

43. P. Richardson, J. Pritchard & A.D. Tomos (1994) EU Programme (Drought/high CO2) Meeting (Lisbon).

44. A.D. Tomos & J. Pritchard (1994) Biophysics and biochemistry of single-cell extension growth in roots and leaves. SEB (Swansea)

45. A.D. Tomos (1994) The growing cell wall. A mechanical and osmotic jacket. Gordon Conf. on Plant Salinity Tolerance. (Tilton, New Hamp.)

46. A.D. Tomos & J. Pritchard (1994) Water and solute relations of expanding maize roots. Deut. Bot. Ges. (Bayreuth).

47. P. Richardson, J. Pritchard & A.D. Tomos (1995) EU Programme (Drought/high CO2) Meeting (Freiburg).

48. P.S. Hinde, R.A. Leigh, & A.D. Tomos (1995) The epidermal-mesophyll interface in leaves. SEB (St. Andrews)

49. A.D. Tomos, P.Hinde, W. Fricke, M. Irving, J. Pritchard & P. Richardson & R.A. Leigh (1995) Cells within tissues. The interaction of solute and water relations in intact systems. ibid

50. M Irving, AD Tomos, S Ritter,  D Koller (1995) The conversion of environmental signals into reversible movement. ibid

51. A.D. Tomos & W. Fricke (1995) Effects of salt stress on solute concentrations in epidermal and mesophyll cells of barley leaves. ibid

52. T. Cuin, T. Ashenden & A.D. Tomos (1995) Single-cell sampling of ozone-treated barley leaves. CAPER (Sheffield)

53. A.D. Tomos (1995) Cell biology and single cell techniqies in plant stress research. STRESSNET (AIR) Meeting Salsomaggiore (September).

54. Price, A.H. & Tomos A.D. (1995) Locating genes for drought resistance in upland rice. Plant Genome III

55. A.D. Tomos (1995) Biophysics of tree root growth. 14th Long Ashton Int. Symp. (September).

56. Cuin TA, Ashenden TW & Tomos AD (1996) Ozone alters the intercellular distribution of Ca2+ in cereal leaf epidermis. (CAPER, Aberystwyth. April)

57. Koroleva OA, Tomos AD, Farrar JF & Pollock CJ (1996) Carbohydrate accumulation and compartmentation of solutes in barley leaves during the photoperiod. (Plant Sci. Wales, Aberystwyth. January)

58. Koroleva OA, Tomos AD, Farrar JF & Pollock CJ (1996) The pathway of photoassymilate from the mesophyll to vein and the interaction of solute and water relations  (SEB Lancaster. March) (abs in J. Exp. Bot. 47 supl. p 75)

59. Koroleva OA, Tomos AD, Farrar JF & Pollock CJ (1996) Cellular compartmentation of primary carbohydrate metabolism in source leaves of temperate Graminae  (BOMRIP, Manchester. June)

60. Koroleva OA, Tomos AD, Farrar JF & Pollock CJ (1996) Solute patterns in individual mesophyll, bundle sheath and epidermal cells of barley leaves induced to accumulate carbohydrate  (Third Int. Fructan Symp. Logan, Utah. July)(also submitted to New Phytol. )

61. Price, A.H., Knight M., Knight, H., Cuin, T., Tomos, A.D. & Ashenden, T. (1995) Cytosolic calcium and oxidative plant stress. Biochem. Soc., Symposium on Free Radical Processes in Plants (Aberdeen, December)  (publ as Price et al, 1996)

62. Richardson P & Tomos AD (1996) Does epidermal heterogeneity affect the growth of a fungal parasite ?  (SEB Lancaster. March) (abs in J. Exp. Bot. 47 supl, p37)

63. Tomos AD (1996)  The Physics of Root Growth. (Zeneca Arc & Senans Plant Workshop, May)

64. Richardson P, Hinde P & Tomos AD (1996)  Analysis of plant cell samples by EDX and fluorescence microanalysis. International Conference of Spectroscopy and Optical Techniques in Animal and Plant Biology (Münster, October)

65  Fricke W, Leigh & Tomos AD (1996) Plant Transport Group (Plymouth) (September)

66. Koroleva OA, Pollock CJ, Farrar JF & Tomos AD (1996) Plant Transport Group (Plymouth) (September)

67. Irving MS,  Ritter S, Koller D. & Tomos A.D.  (1995) The mechanism of leaf movement in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris).  (Biomechanics, Montpellier.)

68. Pritchard, J., Price A.H., & Tomos A.D. (1995) Control of root extension and its modification by drought stress. (Biomechanics, Montpellier)

69. Korolev A, Farrar J.F., Bowtell, R. (1996) MRI and SiCSA. Plant Science Wales  (Bangor) (December)

70. Lawrence RA & Tomos AD (1996) Turgor dependent proton efflux in sugar beet and red beet. Plant Science Wales  (Bangor) (December)

71. Bates NJ, Cram J, & Tomos, AD (1996) Distribution of S in wheat epidemis at single-cell resolution: influence of S-stress and cell type. Plant Science Wales  (Bangor) (December)

72. Richardson P, Carver T & Tomos AD (1996) Effects of powdery mildew on barley leaf epidermal cells.  Plant Science Wales  (Bangor, December)

73. Koroleva OA, Tomos AD, Farrar JF and Pollock CJ (1997) The pathway of photoassimilate from mesophyll to vein. The distribution of enzymes and solutes. (abs in J. Exp. Bot 48 supl p25)

74. Lawrence RA & Tomos AD (1997) Turgor regulation in higher plants: does the cell wall play a role ? (abs in J. Exp. Bot 48 supl p35)

75. Bates NJ, Tomos AD & Cram WJ (1997) Sulphur and nitrogen supply to wheat effect water and solute relations in the epidermis. (abs in J. Exp. Bot 48 supl p36)

76  Tomos AD (1997) Cell turgor presure in tissues. Plant Biomechanics 1997 (Reading, October)

77. Tomos AD (1997) Solute relations in single cells in situ. Second Int. SFB 199 Symposium. (Ebenburg, November) (publ in Proceedings)

78. Lawrence RA & Tomos AD (1997) Salt tolerance in Suaeda maritima.  Plant Science Wales (Cardiff, December)

79. Köckenberger W, Hudson A, Bowtell R, Korolev A, Farrar JF & Tomos (1998) (abs in J. Exp. Bot 49 supl .4-5)

80. Koroleva OA, Tomos AD & Farrar JF (1998) Water relations of individual cells of barley source leaves. (abs in J. Exp. Bot 49 supl 6)

81. Lawrence RA & Tomos AD (1998) Whet is the role of the apoplast in the maintenance of cell turgor pressure in water stressed plants. (abs in J. Exp. Bot 49 supl 6)

82. Tomos AD. (1998) Genetically-modified crops. Techno 2000 (Portmeirion)

83. Tomos AD, Arif H, Palta J., Santa Cruz A, Lawrence R (1998) Plants as high pressure hydraulic machines. The role of the cell wall in determining cell turgor pressure. 1st Int. symp. on the mechanics of plants animals and their environments (U. California St. Barbara).

84. Korolev AV, Tomos AD & Farrar JF (1999) Transport, re-distribution and accumulation of assimilate in mature carrot taproot. (abs in J. Exp. Bot 50 suppl p56)

85. Tomos AD, Farrar JF, Korolev AV, Kockenberger W,  Hudson A & Bowtell R. (1999) Xylem and Phloem in carrot taproot - linking solute and water flows. (abs in J. Exp. Bot 50 suppl p25)

86. Deri Tomos, Olga Koroleva & Joe Gallagher (1999)   Two New Developments in Single Cell Analysis (SiCSA) (PTG, Southampton. Sept)

87. Lawrence-Sharrock R.A. & Tomos A.D. (2000) Single Cell Sampling and Analysis (SiCSA). Plant Physiology at Single Cell Resolution. (SEB, Exeter, March)

88. Tomos AD. (2000) Regulation of Water Transport in Plants. Rank Prize Fund Meeting on Water (Grasmere, March)

89. Chungui Lu, Olga Koroleva & Deri Tomos* (2000)  Measuring gene expression at single cell resolution.  (PTG, Hatfield, Sept)

90. Sean Grundy, Doug Godbold, Deri Tomos (2000)  Influence of aluminium on the solute content of wild savannah grass species  (PTG,  Hatfield, Sept)

91. Tomos AD (2000)  Plant Hydraulics at the resolution of the single cell. 3rd Plant Biomechanics Conference (Freiburg) (abs in proceedings eds H.C. Spatz & T. Speck. Thieme. p 367)

92. Peters WS, Fricke W & Tomos AD (2000) The mechanic state of inner tissues in growing zones of higher plant stems. 3rd Plant Biomechanics Conference (Freiburg) (abs in Procs. eds H.C. Spatz & T. Speck. Thieme. p 217)

93. Koroleva OA, Tomos AD, Farrar JF, Gallagher J, Pollock CJ (2001)  Carbon allocation and sugar status in individual cells of barley leaves affects expression of sucrose-fructan 6-fructosyltransferase gene. (Assoc Appl Biologists, IGER Aberystwyth)

94. Tomos AD (2001) Measuring metabolites, enzymes and gene expression in individual cells in planta. BBSRC-JIC Metabolomics Workshop. (Norwich, April)

95. Tomos A.D., Koroleva O.A, Lu C., Laval V., Brandt S. (2002) Quantitative metabolite and mRNA profiling of individual plant cells in vivo.  24th Int. Symp on Chromatography. (Leipzig).

96. Deri Tomos & Stephan Brandt (2002) Analysis of Biological and Environmental Microsamples. (SUREMA, Halle, Nov)

97. Deri Tomos (2002) Using microcapillaries to analyse the physics, chemistry and molecular biology of plants one cell at a time. (Montpellier).

98. Deri Tomos (2002) Single Cell Sampling and Analysis: Using microcapillaries to study the biophysics, biochemistry and molecular biology of individual cells in intact plants. (Max Planck, Institute for Molecular Plant Physiology, Potsdam)

99. Chungui Lu, Valerie Laval, Milner J, Koroleva O, Murphy E., Hooks MA, Pollock CJ, Gallagher J, Farrar JF & Tomos AD (2002) The quantification of gene expression in individual leaf cells of barley and Arabidopsis. (SEB, Swansea)

100. Brandt SP & Tomos AD (2002) Gene expression analysis in single cells. (Deutsche Bot Ges., Freiburg)

101. Tomos AD (2003) The ultimate living high pressure micro machine. Land/Oceans Interactions Meeting (Bangor, Jan)

102. Brandt SP, AD Tomos. (2003) Simultaneous measurement of both the RNA message and the gene product in individual Arabidopsis leaf cells. 7th International Congress of Plant Molecular Biology (Barcelona)

103. Valérie Laval, Andrew J. Love, A. Deri Tomos, Mark A Hooks, Gary Loake, Joel J. Milner. (2003) Host defence signalling during compatible infection of Arabidopsis by CaMV: 7th International Congress of Plant Molecular Biology (Barcelona)

104. Tomos AD (2003) The latest on single cell and other sample analysis from Bangor. Plant Science Wales (Cylch Gwydion) (Aberystwyth)

105. Tomos AD (2004) Plant “Omics” at single cell resolution. Prof G-J Krauss 60 Birthday Celebration Lecture. (Halle)

106. Deri Tomos (2004) Genomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics. The challenges of tissue heterogeneity at the cell level. Dynamics of Plants in a Changing Environment Meeting. (Forschungszentrum Jülich. May)

107.  Tomos AD (2004) Demonstration for Prof Chris Pollock Faraday Discourse (Royal Institution, November)

108. (Various) (2004) Plant Science Wales / Cylch Gwydion  (Swansea, December).

109. Tomos AD (2005) Society of Welsh Translators and Interpreters (Gregynog 2005)

110.  Deri Tomos & Ruth Sharrock (2005) An Artificial Apolast. Turgor adjustment in sugarbeet and Suaeda by alterations in the apoplast water potential in vitro. (SEB Barcelona)  (Chair Workshop on Single Cell Analysis).

111. A. Deri Tomos, Natalia Ivashikina, Naoki Moritsuka, Elizabeth J Allen,Susan R. Brittain, Nigel Dilkes, Barry Grail, David L. Jones, Mark A. Hooks, Michael Burrell, Cameron McLeod, Guy Kirk & Eric Paterson. (2006) Sampling cells and soils in picolitre volumes using glass micropipettes and their subsequent analysis. (SiCSA) (SEB, Canterbury)

112. Susan Brittain, Tomos AD, Cameron McLKeod, Eric Paterson (2006) An analysis of soil du behaviour at very fine spatial resolution. 3rd DU Conference. (Tidworth, March)

113. Susan Brittain, Tomos AD, Cameron McLKeod, Eric Paterson (2006) Analysing DU in the Living Rhizosphere. DU Forum. Nottingham

114. Natalya V. Ivashikina, Kemp H., Al-Zubaidi K., Burrell M., Clench M., Croft A.K., Grail B.M. & Tomos A.D. (2006) Use of an inorganic matrix MALDI-TOF for metabolite analysis .Plant Science Wales (Cylch Gwydion) (Bangor)  

115. Tomos AD (2006)  Turgor control by osmotic adjustment: Apoplast v Symplast. (SEB, Canterbury)

116.  Natalia Ivashikina and Deri Tomos (2007)Analysis of plant metabolome using  FT-ICR-MS Plant Science Wales (Cylch Gwydion) (Cardiff,  January)

117. Deri Tomos (2007) Single Cell Sampling and Analysis (SiCSA) (Centre for Plant Integrated Biol., Nottingham, Sept)

118. Deri Tomos (2008) Tiny volumes and giant pressure. Studying plants one cell at a time. Inaugural Harold Woolhouse Lecture, School of Agri, Food & Wine. (Adelaide, November)

119. Susan Tandy, Susan Britain,  Barry Grail, Cameron McLeod & Deri Tomos (2009) Root exudates solubilise shrapnel of Depleted uranium armour piercing shells. Plant Science Wales (Cylch Gwydion) (Cardiff,  January)

120. Susan Tandy, Susan Britain,  Barry Grail, Cameron McLeod, Eric Paterson  &  Deri Tomos (2009) An interaction between root acidic exudates and DU shrapnel in contaminated soil measured at mm resolution. (COGER, April)

121. Deri Tomos (2009) Water Relations of the Apoplast. (Why plants may not be like steam engines after all.) Hartung-Steudle Celebration Meeting (J. Exp Bot). (Cumbria, January)

122. Deri Tomos (2010) Quantitative chemical and physical analysis of intact plants and soil at sub-mm spatial resolution. (Sheffield University)

123.  Rind Baloch SN & Tomos AD (2010) Salt Tolerance in Cotton. Plant Science Wales (Cylch Gwydion) (Bangor,  Jan)

124.  Naoki Moritsuka, A. Deri Tomos, Davey L. Jones and Guy Kirk (2010) Sensitive analysis of poly-carboxylic acids in soil solution by capillary electrophoresis after excimer-forming fluorescence derivatization. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil solutions for a changing world. (Brisbane, Sept 2010) pp183-186 [DVD and on-line]

125. Deri Tomos, Kai Cai, Karen Harper, Suffian Misran, Samia Samad, Mike Burell & Mike Hale (2011) Identifying plant polymers using MALDI-TOF-MS: a selection of recent projects in Bangor.  Plant Science Wales (Cylch Gwydion)

126. Harper, K.E., Tomos, A.D., Hale, M.D.C., Braganca R & Jones, O.T. Controlling the Post-Harvest Environment of Oranges. International Congress Post Harvest Technology. Lleda, Spain. April 2011

127. Harper, K.E., Tomos, A.D., Hale, M.D.C., Braganca R & Jones, O.T. A facility to study the potency of post-harvest treatments of fruit and vegetables to reduce biotic and abiotic spoilage.  Soc Exptl Biol. Glasgow July 2011 [also Plants-Microbes Wales. Bangor July 2011]

128. Eltayef, Khalifa.M.K.H, & Tomos, A.Deri Salt tolerance mechanisms at the level of the individual cell. A comparison of commercial Libyan wheats and of the halophyte Suaeda maritima.  Soc Exptl Biol. Glasgow July 2011 [also Plants-Microbes Wales. Bangor July 2011]

129. Susan Tandy, Susan Britain,  Barry Grail, Cameron McLeod, Eric Paterson  &  Deri Tomos (2012) How plant roots eat anti-tank shells. (Environmental Centre Wales Seminar, Bangor)

130. Tomos AD (2013) Sampling and multi-factor analysis of Single Plant Cells in situ. (SiCSA). Next Generation Sequencing & Single Cell Sampling Congress. (Oxford Global: London, November).   Invited talk

131. Tomos AD (2014) High Pressures, Small Volumes. Using microcapillaries to sample and assay individual, functioning plant cells in situ. Drug Discovery Summit 2014 (Global Technology Community: Cambridge MA, May). Invited talk (Session chair)

132. Tomos AD (2014) Planhigion. Meicrobeiriannau Hydrolig Gemegol. Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol, Science Conference, (Aberystwyth)    (also Obituary for Dr Eilir Morgan)

133. Anisiobi AN & Tomos AD (2014) The mechanics, osmotics and metabolomics of stomata and their leaf cellular context. (SEB, Manchester).


C. Posteri (rhestr anghyflawn)

1.   U. Zimmermann, E. Steudle, E‑D. Schulze & A.D. Tomos (1980). Direct turgor pressure measurements in leaves of Tradescantia virginiana. FESPP II (Santiago de C.)

2.   K‑H Büchner, A.D. Tomos, E. Steudle & U. Zimmermann (1980) Water relations of higher plants. German Biophys. Soc. (Aachen) (abs Biophys. Struct. Mechanism 6 (suppl), 110).

3.   A.D. Tomos & R.G. Wyn Jones (1982).  Water relations in the epidermal cells of the halophyte Suaeda maritima. Int. Conf. on Biophysics of Water. (Cambridge)

4.   H. Jones, A.D. Tomos, R.A. Leigh & R.G. Wyn Jones (1983) Water relation parameters of epidermal and cortical cells in the primary root of Triticum aestivum L. (Prague)  (abs "Membrane Transport in Plants" eds W.J. Cram, K. Janacek, R. Rybova and K. Sigler. Academia (Praha) 1984).

5.   A.D. Tomos & U. Zimmermann (1983) Water relations of the stomatal complex of Rhoeo discolor and  Tradescantia virginiana measured with a micro pressure probe. Int. Symp Phytochem. Soc. Eur (Toulouse).

6.   A.D. Tomos (1984) The pressure probe (with video demonstration). SEB (Cardiff).

7.   A.D. Tomos, R.A. Leigh & R.G. Wyn Jones (1984) Water and solute relations of beet tap root cells. ibid.

8.   N. Clipson, A.D. Tomos, T. Flowers and R.G. Wyn Jones (1984) Water relations of the halophyte Suaeda maritima. Int. Symp. Osmoregulation (Obermarchtal).

9.   RA Leigh, C Shaw, AD Tomos, RG Wyn Jones & RE Wyse (1984) Turgor pressure modification in red beet cells. ibid.

10  H. Jones, R.A. Leigh, A.D. Tomos & R.G. Wyn Jones (1984). The influence of ABA on hydraulic conductivity, turgor and growth regulation in wheat apical cells.  ibid.

11. J Pritchard, A.D. Tomos & R.G. Wyn Jones (1985) Some physical characteristics of wheat roots. SEB (Bangor). 

12. J Pritchard, A.D Tomos, RG Wyn Jones (1985) The control of growth rate in wheat seedling roots. FESPPIV (Hamburg)

13. A. Thomas, A.D. Tomos, R.G. Wyn Jones, J.L. Stoddart, C.J. Pollock and H. Thomas (1986) Temperature effects on water relations and growth rate of Lolium temulentum. ibid

14. A. Thomas, A.D. Tomos, J.L. Stoddart, C.J. Pollock, H. Thomas, E.L. Lloyd and C.J. Smith (1987) Temperature effects on turgor pressure and cell expansion during growth of "slender" barley mutant.  (Double poster). SEB (Colchester).

15. A.D. Tomos, R.A. Leigh, N.J. Clipson, J. Palta and H.


Marcel Stoetzler   


Stoetzler, Marcel

Person: Academic

Marcel Stoetzler


Marcel Stoetzler is Senior Lecturer in Sociology and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. He has held an ESRC postdoctoral fellowship at Goldsmiths College (University of London) and a Simon Fellowship at the University of Manchester. He studied at Hamburg University, Germany, and the Universities of Greenwich and Middlesex (both London). His training is in history, literature, linguistics, media and cultural studies, and gender and ethnic studies. His first book, The State, the Nation and the Jews, Liberalism and the Antisemitism Dispute in Bismarck’s Germany, was published in 2008 by the University of Nebraska Press and is based on a combination of historical sociology and social theory. He has published an edited volume on Antisemitism and the Constitution of Sociology, also with the University of Nebraska Press, in 2014. His latest book, Beginning Classical Social Theory, has been published with Manchester University Press in 2017.

Links to video recordings of talks:

 Marcel Stoetzler has given talks amongst others at

  • Bucerius Institute for Research of German Contemporary History and Society, University of Haifa;
  • Center for European Studies, New York University;
  • Center of Contemporary Art, Tblisi;
  • Centre for German-Jewish Studies, Sussex University;
  • Centre for Jewish Studies, University of Graz;
  • C-REX Centre for Research on Extremism, University of Oslo;
  • Department of Hebrew and Jewish Studies, University College London;
  • Bruxelles Free University;
  • Gyeongsang National University, Jinju;
  • HL-S Center for Studies of the Holocaust and Religious Minorities, Oslo;
  • Institute of Advanced Study, Warwick University;
  • Instituto de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades at the Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Mexico;
  • Maumaus School for Visual Arts, Lisbon;
  • Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies at Harvard University;
  • Social Theory Seminar, University of Chicago;
  • Social Theory Workshop, Sussex University;
  • Zentrum für Antisemitismusforschung, Technical University of Berlin;
  • ZKM Zentrum für Kommunikation und Medien, Karlsruhe.


Marcel Stoetzler works on general social theory, especially Critical Theory and feminist theory, and more specifically, on racism and antisemitism in their relationships to modernity, liberalism and nationalism. He serves on the editorial board of Patterns of Prejudice and is a fellow at the Centre for Jewish Studies at the University of Manchester and an associate at the Pears Institute for the Study of Antisemitism, Birkbeck College, London.

His current research has two points of focus: one, the history of antisemitism, in particular the antisemitic idea that destruction of ‘the Jews’ can bring about a well-calibrated, productive and non-antagonistic form of modernity, and its contradictory relations to the principal modern ideologies liberalism, socialism, conservatism, and in particular the ‘Conservative Revolution’ of the post-WW2 period; two, the history of attempts in the areas of political and social theory to understand and challenge antisemitism, in particular those of the ‘Frankfurt School’ of Critical Theory. In the latter he is chiefly interested in what the Frankfurt theorists call theory’s Zeitkern, i.e. its historical relativity and the role of history in theory.

Formulated late in the nineteenth century, antisemitism has been one of the formative political ideas of twentieth-century European history, and seems currently to be gaining strength again. It articulates concerns with society, culture and economy, including with the supposed moral economies of particular racialised groups, ‘the Jews’ as opposed to e.g. ‘the Germans’. Its extreme, eliminatory form that drove the Holocaust must be understood both, as a continuation of its various non-eliminatory forms and as uniquely and radically different from them. This is one of the force fields of the study of antisemitism in relation to the Holocaust.

In a second strand of his work, Stoetzler analyses the work of theorists such as Arendt, Horkheimer and Adorno whose writings are a resource for theorising antisemitism, ‘totalitarianism’, genocides and the Holocaust in particular.Currently he works on a monograph on Horkheimer and Adorno’s Dialectic of Enlightenment, the first outlines of the argument of which are sketched out in this article.     

Principal publications by research areas (hyperlinks are inserted wherever available):

On general social theory:

On the history and theory of antisemitism:

                 - Reviews of Antisemitism and the Constitution of Sociology:

                   H-SozKult (3.6. 2016);     Journal of Modern Jewish Studies (May 2016 online first)

              - Reviews of The State, the Nation, and the Jews:

Central European History 42:4 (2009); American Historical Review 114:4 (2009); Historische Zeitschrift vol. 290, pages 525-6 (2010); journal of modern history 82 (2010); German Studies Review 34:1 (2011); Rote Ruhr Uni (2011)

Read here the best comment ever, by Geoff Eley... 

On Critical Theory:

On feminist theory:

Teaching and Supervision

Marcel Stoetzler teaches

  • the second year module ‘Classical Social Theory’ (SXS-2035),
  • the third year module ‘Theorizing Society and Politics Today' [fomerly known as 'Sociological Theory Today’] (SXS-3003) and
  • the MA modules 'Antisemitism and the Holocaust' (HPS-4002), 'Karl Marx: Society, History, Politics' (HPS-4001) and ‘Culture, Race and Civilization’ (SXS-4066) [not all three modules are on offer every term - please check Gazettes]. 

He is a Fellow of the HEA. In 2012, he was short-listed for a ‘Student-Led Teaching Award’ in the category ‘Innovation’.

He is the principal supervisor of Barbara Neukirchinger’s doctorate on ‘The possibilities of combining intersectionality theory and critical theory in disability studies’ (to be submitted by the end of the current calendar year).

He is the principal supervisor of Lu He's doctorate on multicultural educational policy in North-West China and in Wales (started in 2018). 

He is co-supervisor for Mehmet Toprak's doctorate on pathways to modernisation in Turkey and their relevance to education policy (started in 2018).

He has been co-supervisor of the following:

  • Anna-Katharina Luepke’s doctorate on ‘An international history of the Biafran War’ (awarded in 2018; the main supervisor was in the department of History);
  • Louise Prendergast’s doctorate on ‘Labour market transitions of young people: understanding perceptions, practice and experiences with reference to Foucault’ (awarded in 2018);
  • H. M. Khalil’s doctorate on ‘The political sociology of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq’ (awarded 2018);
  • S. Rafieian Koupaei’s doctorate on ‘Dissociation, unconscious and social theory: towards an embodied relational sociology’ (awarded 2015);
  • Paula Pustulka’s doctorate on ‘Polish mothers on the move: gendering migratory experiences of Polish women parenting in Germany and the United Kingdom’ (awarded 2014).

He contributes to the team-taught Undergraduate Dissertation module.

He was Senior Tutor for the School of Social Science (2016-18).

He is a peer reviewer for a wide range of academic journals, including Patterns of Prejudice, Philosophy and Social Criticism, Current Sociology, Feminist Theory, European Journal of Political Theory, the Leo Baeck Institute Year Book and European Societies.

In 2013 he examined a Ph.D. on the history of antisemitism in Greece for Kings College, London (Centre for Hellenic Studies). In 2015 he has been internal examiner at Bangor for two PhDs.


Marcel Stoetzler is a member of the Northern UK Jewish Studies Partnership.

He is a member of the advisory board of the Sage Handbook of Frankfurt School Critical Theory (2018) and of the academic advisory board for the book series Critical Theory and the Critique of Society, Bloomsbury publishers.

February-August 2017: Marcel Stoetzler was a visiting research fellow at the Pears Institute for the Study of Antisemitism at Birkbeck College, London, during his study leave.

July 5, 2016: He organized the workshop ‘Antisemitism and the Constitution of Sociology’ at the Zentrum für Antisemitismusforschung, Technical University of Berlin.

May 16, 2013: He organized the Higher Education Academy workshop on ‘Letting the Students Be, Responsibly: Learning, Experience and Standardisation in Higher Education’ at Bangor University, School of Social Science

June 28-29, 2012: He co-organised the international conference ‘Intersectionality and the Spaces of Belonging’, Bangor University, UK []

November 2-3, 2008: He organised the international conference ‘Antisemitism and the Emergence of Sociological Theory’; conference website:

October 5, 2007: He co-organized with Christine Achinger a double panel on ‘Liberalism, Nationalism, and Antisemitism’ at the annual conference of the German Studies Association GSA in San Diego

February 11, 2005: He organised (with Prof. Vic Seidler) the day conference ‘Masks of Antisemitism’ at Goldsmiths College, University of London

July 7-8, 1999: He organised (with Prof. Yuval-Davis) the Interim Conference of the International Sociological Association, Research Council 05 on Race, Ethnic and Minority Relations at the universities of Tel Aviv and East Jerusalem


Marketing im Blut - ProntoPro   


Marketing im Blut

Veröffentlicht am 10 Juli 2019 von Verena Arnold

Rolf H. Ruhleder, geboren in Nordhessen, in Homberg hat sein ganzes Leben auf Verkauf und Marketing ausgerichtet – ohne genau zu wissen, was Marketing eigentlich ist. Er hat es einfach im Blut gehabt und erst später herausgefunden, dass das was er macht, andere mit allen Mitteln zu erlernen versuchen. Aber der Reihe nach: Nachdem Rolf H. Ruhleder das Wirtschaftsgymnasium abgeschlossen hatte, absolvierte er ein Examen als Diplom-Kaufmann in Würzburg. Er begann als Direktionsassistent – natürlich im Verkauf – in einem Investitionsgüterunternehmen in Mönchengladbach zu arbeiten. Doch dabei sollte es nicht bleiben, denn Rolf H. Ruhleder erhielt die Chance, in einem Heidelberger Management Institut einzusteigen. Er nutzte die Gelegenheit, um neue Konzepte zu entwickeln. Damit war er so erfolgreich, dass er von der Akademie für Führungskräfte – dem damalig größten Fortbildungsinstitut Europas – abgeworben wurde. Nach einigen Jahren entschied sich Rolf H. Ruhleder jedoch, sein Talent dafür zu nutzen, sein eigenes Geschäft aufzubauen. Also gründete er Anfang der 90er-Jahre sein Institut – das Management Institut Ruhleder. Er schulte inzwischen über eine halbe Million Teilnehmer in seinen Seminaren, Großveranstaltungen sowie Privatissima und gilt seit Jahren als härtester und teuerster Trainer Deutschlands mit einem Tageshonorar von 20.000,00 Euro. Rolf H. Ruhleder schrieb 18 Bücher und es wurden weit über 1300 Artikel von ihm publiziert. Ebenfalls gibt es mehr als 1000 Veröffentlichungen über ihn.

Was fasziniert dich besonders an dem Beruf? Welche Erlebnisse haben dich beruflich geprägt?

Das Motto lautet: MMMM – man muss Menschen mögen. Ich liebe meine Teilnehmer und mein Umfeld, auch wenn ich sie manchmal aus Marketing-Gesichtspunkten in meinen Seminaren hart anfasse. Die Faszination besteht darin, immer wieder neue Teilnehmer kennenzulernen und sie in insgesamt sechs Seminaren (15 Tagen) aufbauen zu dürfen. Die Erfolgserlebnisse von Großveranstaltungen – wie zum Beispiel in der Dortmunder Westfalenhalle mit 14 000 Teilnehmern und in der Merkur Arena Düsseldorf mit 9500 Besuchern – waren für mich Highlights. Ebenso zwei Veranstaltungen für den Finnischen Marketingtag mit je 2500 Teilnehmern. Auch Veranstaltungen, die ich mit deutschen Teilnehmern in Grönland und auch am Polarkreis durchgeführt habe oder wie in diesem Jahr auch in Bozen durchführen werde, machen und machten mir sehr viel Spaß und haben mich geformt. Einzeltrainings für Personen des öffentlichen Lebens sind immer etwas Besonderes, insbesondere, wenn man diese “Ruhleder-Geprägten” im Fernsehen wiedersieht…

Welche Angebote sind bei den Kunden beliebt? Mit welchen Branchen arbeitest du zusammen?

Ganz klar, die «Rhetorik und Körpersprache»-Seminare sowie die «Die Kunst zu überzeugen»- und die «Verkaufsrhetorik»-Veranstaltungen. Die firmeninternen Seminare sind hauptsächlich «Verkaufsrhetorik»-Seminare. Es gibt keine Branche, mit der ich noch nicht zusammengearbeitet habe oder die keine Teilnehmer in meine Seminare entsandt hat. Von den AIDA-Schiffen, Bauunternehmen – zurzeit ist unser größter Kunde ein Bauunternehmen, mit dem wir in diesem Jahr 21 Seminare durchführen – über BMW, bis hin zu fast allen DAX-Konzernen ist alles dabei. Selbst der Robinson Club und alle Großbanken und eine Vielzahl von Versicherungen sind bei uns Kunde. Die beliebtesten Großveranstaltungen sind «Feuerwerk der Rhetorik» und «So überzeugen Sie in allen Lebenslagen».

Welches Utensil verwendest du für deine Kurse am liebsten und warum?

Bei meinen Rhetorik-Seminaren steht die Videoanlage für bis zu 20 Teilnehmer absolut im Mittelpunkt. Auch wenn es am Anfang etwas weh tut, wenn man sich selbst sieht. Doch: Wie soll man sich verbessern, wenn man die eigene Verhaltensweise nicht einmal sieht? Ich zeige einen Weg auf, wie man sich selbst verbessern und verändern kann. Fast alle Teilnehmer wollen lernen, wie sie Sicherheit und Souveränität in allen Situationen ausstrahlen können. Das kann man tatsächlich in kurzer Zeit erlernen. Bei Großveranstaltungen biete ich eine wohl recht perfekte Show mit PowerPoint.

Welche Eigenschaften sollte deiner Meinung nach ein guter Manager haben?

Wie kann man seine interpersonellen Fähigkeiten verbessern? Ein guter Manager braucht auf jeden Fall Durchsetzungs- und Einfühlungsvermögen. Er sollte positiv denken und ein Motivator für sich und sein Umfeld sein. Auch das kann man tatsächlich in zwei, drei Tagen erlernen. Wir punkten heute immer weniger mit der Qualität unserer Produkte und Dienstleistungen auf, sondern immer mehr mit der Qualität der Menschen, sprich Mitarbeiter. Ein guter Manager muss die Eigenschaften haben, sich gut zu verkaufen und damit auch gleichzeitig richtig überzeugend rüberkommen. Dazu gehören rhetorische Fähigkeiten, die jeder Manager – wenn er sie nicht schon besitzt – erlernen kann. Immerhin habe ich schon über eine halbe Million Personen in meinen Seminaren und Großveranstaltungen geschult. Allen konnte ich Tipps und Ratschläge für ihre tägliche berufliche Praxis wie auch für ihr Privatleben mitgeben.

Ein kleines, aber feines Team

Das Management Institut Ruhleder (MIR) in Bad Harzburg führt im Jahr gut 200 Seminare durch. Im Team sind neben Rolf H. Ruhleder auch der Cheftrainer Lothar Haase und drei weitere Trainer im Einsatz. Diese sind auch für die Erstellung der Unterlagen für die Seminare und die Seminarorganisation zuständig. Unterstützt werden Rolf H. Ruhleder und sein Cheftrainer Lothar Haase außerdem von zwei Chefassistentinnen.

Media: Dokumente: 


O Universo em UHD   


Em 2016, uma equipe de quatro astrofotógrafos e cinegrafistas viajou até ao Observatório do Paranal do ESO no Chile, com o objetivo de capturar imagens impressionantes do Universo em formatos de ultra alta definição (UHD) e fulldome — perfeitas para uso em shows de planetário. Durante várias semanas, os quatro membros da Expedição UHD do ESO juntaram uma vasta coleção de fotografias UHD, timelapses fulldome, panoramas de 360 graus e muito mais, incluindo uma enorme quantidade de fotografias magníficas das paisagens que os rodeavam.

Uma destas imagens é precisamente esta Fotografia da Semana do ESO, onde vemos o Paranal — local onde se encontra instalado o Very Large Telescope (VLT) do ESO — à noite. À direita na imagem podemos ver um dos membros desta expedição, o Embaixador Fotográfico do ESO Babak Tafreshi que observa o arco da Via Láctea, se estendendo no céu por cima da sua cabeça. Podemos ver também, à esquerda, os telescópios que compõem o VLT: os quatro Telescópios Principais e três dos quatro Telescópios Auxiliares menores.

Todos os materiais recolhidos na Expedição UHD de 2016 do ESO estão sendo usados pelo Planetário e Centro de Visitantes Supernova do ESO, o qual abriu as suas portas ao público em maio de 2018. O Supernova do ESO nasce de uma colaboração entre o ESO e o Instituto de Estudos Teóricos de Heidelberg, tendo o edifício sido doado pela fundação alemã Klaus Tschira Stiftung.



The UHD Universe   


In 2016, a team of four world-class astrophotographers and videographers journeyed to ESO’s Paranal Observatory in Chile. Their goal? To capture striking views of the Universe in ultra high definition (UHD) and fulldome formats — perfect for use in planetarium shows! Over the course of a few weeks, the photographers gathered UHD stills, fulldome timelapses, 360-degree panoramas, and more, including a whole host of breathtaking shots of their surroundings.

One such shot is this ESO Picture of the Week, which shows Paranal  — home to ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) — at night. The stargazer visible to the right of the frame, pointing to the beautiful arc of the Milky Way curving overhead, is ESO Photo Ambassador Babak Tafreshi, one of the aforementioned expedition members. The constituent telescopes of the VLT can be seen scattered across the left of the frame (the four boxy Unit Telescopes, and three of the four rounder Auxiliary Telescopes).

The products returned by ESO’s 2016 UHD Expedition are being used by the ESO Supernova Planetarium & Visitor Centre, which opened in May 2018. The ESO Supernova is a collaboration between ESO and the Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies, and the building was donated by German foundation the Klaus Tschira Stiftung.



HeidelbergCement becomes World Green Building Council Europe Regional Network official partner   


HeidelbergCement becomes World Green Building Council Europe Regional Network official partner

UK/Germany: The World Green Building Council has announced that HeidelbergCement is an official partner of its Europe Regional Network. HeidelbergCement joins 4500 other companies across Europe in supporting the regional network’s work towards networking leaders, raising awareness, proposing policy and providing assessment, certification and information.

HeidelbergCement chair Dominik von Achten said, “Together with the Europe Regional Network of the World Green Building Council, we now want to further intensify the promotion of sustainability and innovation in the construction sector. In this way, we are accelerating the development towards a carbon-neutral construction industry, and ultimately towards a carbon-neutral society in Europe.”


HeidelbergCement publishes sustainability report for 2019   


HeidelbergCement publishes sustainability report for 2019

Germany: HeidelbergCement has published its sustainability report for 2019. The building materials producer says it decreased its specific gross CO2 emissions per tonne of cement by 0.9% year-on-year to 622kg/t in 2019 from 628kg/t in 2018. Absolute net CO2 emissions also fell, by 4.6% to 68.4Mt from 71.7Mt. Indirect CO2 emission grew by 4.8% to 4.4Mt from 4.2Mt, though energy consumption in cement production fell by 3.5% to 364,000TJ from 377,000TJ.

HeidelbergCement chair Dominic von Achten said, “We have declared our express commitment to the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals. In particular, we will continue to intensify our commitment to tackling climate change in the coming years.”


Sustainable thinking   


HeidelbergCement released their sustainability report for 2019 this week. Every large cement producer publishes one but this one is worth checking out because of the company’s ambition to become CO2 neutral. Other companies are heading the same way but few of them have such developed and public plans.

Sustainability reports are often a hodgepodge of non-financial reporting bringing together environment, health and safety, community and other topics. Multinational companies cover a wide range of jurisdictions and combining reporting in these kinds of fields can be beneficial. Typically they are members of various bodies like the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) or the Global Cement & Concrete Association (GCCA) that give various levels of conformity between reports. Yet, the wider focus of sustainability reports gives companies a chance to promote what they are doing well, away from balance sheets.

One highlight of HeidelbergCement’s report is its progress towards reducing its specific CO2 emissions per tonne of cement and its recognition by the Science Based Targets (SBT) initiative towards this goal. So far it has achieved a reduction of around 22% from 1990 levels to 599kg CO2/t (net) with a target of a 30% reduction or 520kg CO2/t by 2030. There is a lot more going on in the report but it’s led by the vision, ‘to offer CO2-neutral concrete by 2050 at the latest.’ It plans to achieve this by increasing the proportion of alternative CO2-neutral raw materials and fuels, developing lower clinker cement types and capturing and utilising CO2 emissions. A focus on concrete is worth noting given the pivot by building materials manufactures towards concrete in recent years.

Back in the present, HeidelbergCement is roughly in the middle of the pack of major European multinational cement producers with its specific CO2 emissions for cement in 2019. LafargeHolcim reported 561kg CO2/t and Cemex reported 622kg CO2/t. This is a bit of a moving target since corporate acquisitions and divestments can change both the starting point and the apparent current progress. HeidelbergCement’s acquisition of Italcementi in 2017 or CRH’s purchase of Ash Grove did exactly that. The other thing to consider is that these companies manufacture a lot of cement. The actual gross CO2 emissions from a multinational cement producer are immense. LafargeHolcim, one of the world’s largest multinational producers, emitted 113Mt of CO2 in 2019 from process and fuel sources whilst making cement. To put that into context, estimates for total global CO2 emissions range from 33 – 36Gt for 2019. The cement industry’s entire share was estimated by the International Energy Agency (IEA) to be 4.1Gt in 2018.

Where this sustainability report starts to become really interesting is where it talks about CO2 capture and utilisation. Its plans in this department are more mature than many of its competitors with various initiatives at different levels of development, mostly in Europe. Norcem, its Norwegian subsidiary, recently signed an agreement with Aker Solutions to order a CO2 capture, liquification and intermediate storage plant at its integrated Brevik cement plant. The deal is dependent on government support but it’s a serious proposal. As reported previously from the Innovation in Industrial Carbon Capture Conference 2020, HeidelbergCement is actively preparing to hook up with CO2 transport and storage infrastructure. The driver is CO2 pricing from initiatives like the European Union (EU) Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). With the EU preparing for the next phase of the ETS and talk of the European Green Deal gathering pace, before the coronavirus outbreak at least, CO2 prices in Europe look set to rise. HeidelbergCement is positioning itself to benefit from being the first major cement producer to head into CO2 capture and storage/utilisation with a variety of methods intended for different CO2 prices and regional requirements.

HeidelbergCement doesn’t mention the coronavirus pandemic in its latest sustainability report. The report covers 2019 after all, before all of this happened. These reports do include health and safety information of employees, so this may be something to look out for next year. However, Cemex did mention the coronavirus in relation to its climate action plans this week. Essentially it wants to maintain its plans as a ‘fundamental component’ of its efforts to recover from the health crisis. This chimes with media talk around so-called ‘green-led’ government-backed relief programmes. Governments are the ones who are likely to be handing out the money, probably in the form of infrastructure projects. So it’s the perfect opportunity for them to encourage change from the companies bidding for this funding. Sustainability reports and the information behind them will be a useful tool in accessing this cash.


Banning the Rote Hilfe: the plan of German Interior Minister   


di Anna Clara Basilicò

Banning the Rote Hilfe: the plan of German Interior Minister

The Rote Hilfe is the most enduring and effective anti-repression movement in Europe, and anyone who has ever been to a rally in Germany and interacted with their legal team can testify to that. Born in the 1920s in opposition to Nazism, it has been the emblem of Solidarität for a century, a principle extremely dear to militant - and not - German activism. For about two months now, German Interior Minister Horst Seehofer has been threatening to dissolve the network, «the fastest growing extreme left-wing movement on German soil», by declaring it outlawed. For a complete frame of the situation, and the possible implications of this gesture, we interviewed Silke, activist of the RH and militant of IL Heidelberg. 1. According to several newspapers, the German inner minister, Horst Seehofer, plans a ban against Rote Hilfe (Red Aid), the largest anti-repression movement in Europe. What are his main reproaches against your organization?One of the main problems for the German government ...


Because we're friends: Antirepression work in Germany and the Rote Hilfe   


Because we're friends: Antirepression work in Germany and the Rote Hilfe

Demi, an activist of Rote Hilfe in Heidelberg, describes the German model of solidarity through its most long-running and active symbol. With the legal team, the managing of the news and the press release, RH remains the most important reference point for the struggle against political repression in Germany and coordinates hundreds of activists all over the country.If you've ever been to a protest in Germany, or just had a leak on the loo of a flat housing activists there, chances are you have encountered Was tun wenn's brennt? (also affectionally known as WTWB, and available in English as What to do in the case of fire – a small booklet containing advice on what to do if you get into trouble with the German police.This little booklet is the flagship publication of an organization called the Rote Hilfe (i.e., Red Help, RH). Organizing roughly 10.000 supporters and several hundreds of active members, it deals with anti-repression work – and anti-repression work only. We carefully ...


Heidelberg: Streit um Kurzstecken-Ticket – so viele Haltestellen darfst Du fahren -   


Heidelberg: Streit um Kurzstecken-Ticket – so viele Haltestellen darfst Du fahren


Queer Friedrich - 27.08.2020 19:00 @ Friedrich Heidelberg   


queer Listenings und Bar-Ambiente, bis 2 Uhr


Heidelberg On The River Neckar, 1948   


Franz Willenbrink, Oil, Gift of C. Henry Hemple, 58.29.1


Bernd Schneidmüller neuer Präsident der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften   



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2020-08-15 09:22:23