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Valentina Vadi   


Professor Valentina Vadi

Valentina Vadi

  • Law School - Professor of International Economic Law, 1/05/15 → …

    Postal address:
    Lancaster University
    Bowland North
    LA1 4YN


    Phone: +44 1524 592877

  • Centre for Law and Society, 1/10/13 → …

  • Law School - Reader, 1/10/1330/04/15

    Postal address:
    Lancaster University
    Bowland North
    LA1 4YN


    Phone: +44 1524 592877


Valentina Vadi is a Professor of International Economic Law at Lancaster University, United Kingdom. She was formerly a Reader in International Business Law at the same university (2013-2015), an Emile Noël Fellow at the Jean Monnet Centre for International and Regional Economic Law at New York University (2013-2014), and a Marie Curie Postdoctoral Fellow at Maastricht University (2011-2013). In addition, Professor Vadi lectured at Hasselt University (Belgium), the University of Rome III (Italy), the China EU School of Law (P.R. China) and Maastricht University (The Netherlands). She has published more than eighty articles in various areas of public international law in top journals, including the Harvard International Law Journal, the Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, the Stanford Journal of International Law, the Columbia Human Rights Review, the European Journal of International Law, the Journal of  International Economic Law and others. She is the co-editor (with Hildegard Schneider) of Art, Cultural Heritage and the Market: Legal and Ethical Issues (Springer: Heidelberg 2014), and (with Bruno De Witte) of Culture and International Economic Law (Routledge: 2015). Valentina Vadi is the author of Public  Health in International Investment Law and Arbitration (Routledge: 2012), Cultural Heritage in International Investment law and Arbitration (Cambridge University Press: 2014) and Analogies in International Investment Law and Arbitration (Cambridge University Press: 2016).

SUMMARY of research interests (100 words)

Professor Vadi is a general international lawyer, with special expertise in international economic law (including international investment law and world trade law), international cultural law and the history of international law.

Career Details

Valentina Vadi is a Professor in International Economic Law at the Law School, Lancaster University. She was formerly a Reader in International Business Law at the same University (2013-2015), an Emile Noël Fellow at the Jean Monnet Centre for International and Regional Economic Law, at New York University (2013-2014), and a Marie Curie Postdoctoral Fellow at Maastricht University (2011-2013). Professor Vadi also lectured at Hasselt University (Belgium), the University of Rome III (Italy), the China-EU School of Law (Beijing, P.R. China) and Maastricht University (NL).

Professor Vadi has carried out significant research in the field of international law, publishing extensively in this area in academic journals such as the Journal of International Economic Law, the Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, and the Stanford Journal of International Law, among others. She has presented her research at international conferences worldwide in Asia, Europe and North and Latin America. In particular, she has been invited to present at the following universities: Bedfordshire; Bern; Birkbeck College, University of London; Bologna; Buckingham; Cambridge; Catania; Charles University, Prague; City University, University of London; Coimbra, Edinburgh; European University Institute, Florence; Florence; Geneva; Georgetown; Glasgow; Groningen; Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (BE); Keele; King’s College, University of London; La Rochelle; Leiden; London School of Economics; Minnesota; National University Singapore; Newcastle; New York University; Rome III; School of Advanced Study, University of London; Sevilla; Siena; Southampton; Sussex; Turin; Universidad Autonoma Madrid; University College London; University of the West of England; Verona; Warwick.

Furthermore, she has been invited to present at events organized by the following organizations: American Society of International Law; Association for Law, Property and Society; British Association for Canadian Studies; British Institute of International and Comparative Law; Canadian Political Science Association; Global Ecological Integrity Group; Institute for Globalization and International Regulation; International Institute for the Sociology of Law; Italian Society of International Law; Latin-American Council of Scholars on International and Comparative Law; Society of International Economic Law; Society of Legal Scholars; Socio-Legal Studies Association; Law & Society Association; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

She holds degrees in international law and political science from the University of Siena, a Master of Research and a PhD from the European University Institute, and an MJur from the University of Oxford. She is a qualified lawyer (Florence Bar). She completed further non-degree studies at the Universite' de Fribourg (CH), Queen Mary University of London and the London School of Economics.  

Research Grants

Professor Vadi has been awarded a prestigious European Research Council Starting Grant to fund research on the protection of cultural heritage in international economic law including world trade law, international investment law and European Union Law. The main outcome of this research will be a monograph, under contract with Brill.

During an earlier Emile Noel Fellowship at New York University, she conducted research on the role of comparative reasoning in international investment law and arbitration. The main outcome of the research conducted during the Emile Noel fellowship was published Cambridge University Press. See Valentina Vadi, Analogies in International Investment Law and Arbitration (Cambridge University Press 2016).

During a Marie Curie Fellowship awarded by the European Commission at Maastricht University in the Netherlands, she focused on the interplay between the protection of cultural heritage and the promotion of foreign direct investment in international investment law and arbitration. The main outcome of this research was a book published by Cambridge University Press. See Valentina Vadi, Cultural Heritage in International Investment Law and Arbitration (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), now also available in paperback. Another outcome of this grant was the co-edited volume Culture in International Economic Law (with Bruno De Witte) (Routledge 2015)

Professor Vadi was awarded a doctoral scholarship from the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs for conducting research on the interplay between the protection of public health and the promotion of foreign direct investment in international investment law and arbitration. A deeply revised version of the doctoral thesis was published by Routledge in 2012. See Valentina Vadi, Public Health in International Investment Law and Arbitration (Routledge, London 2012), now also available in paperback.  

Current Teaching

Professor Vadi convenes and contributes lectures to international investment law. She also contributes lectures to EU law and international trade law.




I copied this from tha Ohio Buckeyes team page.


9-10 Arrivals/registration/gift bags/ registration for prizes

10-12 Speakers and Questions ~Indygirl, Hoosiergirlindy, Sheenadee, Ksigma1222, Swbdot2, Quadcmom, and 3rdstring

12PM-1:30 Lunch Break

1:30-2 EARPS Presentation: Veganism/

2-4 Video Conference with Sparkguy
Discussion of The Spark led by
Ksigma1222, Questions and...


MAY SPARK RALLY in Cincy/Florence   


Who is going to this? I have my ticket and hope to ride with someone since I don't trust my car.


Cincinnati SparkPeople Rally 4.26.2014   


Cincinnati Area SparkPeople Member Rally 4/26/14

April 26th from 9 am to 5 pm

Microtel Inns and Suites Conference Room

Address: 7490 Woodspoint Dr, Florence, KY 41042
Phone:(859) 746-8100

Presentations By:

Tina Wiseley aka Hoosiergirlindy lost 200

Beth Donovan aka ~Indygirl lost 240+

Brad Milligan aka Bradmill2922 lost over 200

Tiffany Bell aka Daughteroftwin lost 100+

Tom McCourt aka...


Up at the Villa   


FLORENCE, Italy—Nestled atop a grassy hill just outside Florence lies Harvard’s least-trod campus. If power at the University is measured


NPSE 2021 : New Perspectives in Science Education International Conference – 10th Edition   


New Perspectives in Science Education International Conference – 10th Edition [Grand Hotel Mediterraneo - Florence, Ita] [Mar 18, 2021 - Mar 19, 2021]


ECCV 2012 : European Conference on Computer Vision   


European Conference on Computer Vision [Florence, Italy ] [Oct 7, 2012 - Oct 13, 2012] [Deadline: Mar 5, 2012]


ICASSP 2014 : IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing   


IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing [Florence, Italy] [May 4, 2014 - May 9, 2014] [Deadline: Nov 4, 2013]


The peregrinations of porcelainThe collections of Duchess Eleonora d’Aragona of Ferrara   


The Medici of Florence have long been acknowledged as possessing the largest collection of Chinese porcelain in the fifteenth century, but this article reveals that in fact Eleonora d’Aragona, Duchess of Ferrara had the largest such collection in Italy at this time. In fifteenth-century Europe, porcelain came not directly from China but rather through trade and diplomacy with foreign courts, so that its peregrinations gave rise to entangled histories and reception. Taking porcelain as a case-study, it is argued here that examining collecting through the lens of trade and diplomacy provides new interpretations of – and demands new approaches to – the history of collecting.


Creating the empireThe colonial collections of the Museo Agrario Tropicale in the Istituto Agricolo Coloniale Italiano in Florence   


The Istituto Agricolo Coloniale Italiano was established in Florence in 1904 by Professor Gino Bartolommei Gioli, whose aim was to create a study centre that would support Italian colonial policy, contribute to the training of experts on tropical agriculture, and inspire admiration and love for Italy’s colonies. The nation's overseas empire was, in the opinion of many intellectuals, greatly neglected both by the Italian population at large and by the industrial leaders, who commonly disregarded the potential and richness of the colonies. The museum formed an essential part of the colonial project, displaying the material aspect of the African territories, presenting their economic potential, addressing the colonies as a place where Italians could invest and stimulating their imperial vocations. This article interrogates the museum and its evolution as an educational tool, from the first decade of the twentieth century to the post-colonial era, focusing on the history of the colonial collection and on how it was exhibited.


LHMP #137r Faderman 1981 Surpassing the Love of Men II.B.4 Lesbian Evil   


The theme of evil predatory lesbians was taken up by others from the French aesthetic writers, but stripped of any hint of sympathy. In these works, the lesbian aspect may be concealed in vague ambiguity while still retaining sexual overtones. Coleridge’s poem “Christabel” (published unfinished in 1816) was declared obscene for these overtones, but although modern readers tend to  see clear lesbian themes, some contemporary reviewers assumed that the antagonist was meant to be a man in disguise, and thus that the obscene content was the seduction of Christabel’s father by the antagonist, rather than the seduction of Christabel herself. [The ambiguity allows for this and speaks to one of Faderman's themes: that there are shifts over time in what sorts of sexual possibilities can be imagined, given the same external evidence.]

Most “evil lesbian” works appeared later in the 19th century and were clearly influenced by the aesthetic writers. Belot’s Mademoiselle Giraud, My Wife (1891) is given as a typical example. The point of view character comments on the French casual acceptance of lesbianism compared to the greater concern showed by Germans. In the story, A young married woman refuses to have sexual relations with her her husband (the protagonist) because she is sexually enthralled by a passionate friendship with a woman she’s been involved with since their school days. The narrator resolves this problem by killing his wife’s female lover, but the wife dies of a brain fever cause by excessive sexual activity.

Faderman notes that “in France, innocence regarding love between women was virtually at an end by this time” though such “innocence” persisted in England and the America for a while yet. [The cyclic nature of “innocence” regarding the possibility of sexual relations between women is not noticed. French texts of the 16-17th century were quite aware of those possibilities.] Belot’s position was that schoolgirl romances led inevitably to lesbianism, while writers in America contemporary to him were still praising school friendships as a noble ideal. This attitude persisted among some American writers as late as the 1920s.

Belot’s novel provides archetypes of the decadent “lesbian love-nest”, with its black and crimson decor, draperies that shut out the light, and bookshelves stocked with well-known lesbian-themed novels. Although Belot claimed his writing to have a moral purpose--to bring this danger out into the open and to attack the very concept of Romantic Friendship--it’s clear that his work was driven by fascination and hatred and the desire for sensationalism. Belot’s protagonist describes lesbianism as a “new vice” [a claim made repeatedly over the centuries, though Faderman seems unaware of this cyclicity] that must be countered by “a man strong enough or with enough authority” to rescue the innocent partner from the lesbian’s clutches.

The term “vice” was generally popular in sensational literature of all types in this era in France, but the specific association of lesbians with vice and evil appears regularly in French literature for the next several decades. It is speculated that one motivation for the focus on lesbianism was the falling French birthrate and anxiety about the French population being overwhelmed by foreigners.

Another regular theme in French literature of the 1880s and 1890s that uses lesbian motifs is the association of lesbians with prostitution. Faderman suggests that this might be grounded in the exposure of the (male) writers to real-life lesbian relations primarily in the context of the demi-monde, where prostitutes turned to other women as an escape from the brutality of their professional interactions with men. This demi-monde shows up in novels such as Zola’s Nana (1880). Yet another trope popular at this time is the idea of organized “cults” of lesbians, such as are seen in Guy de Maupassant’s “Paul’s Mistress” (1881), but where the practices of these supposed cults are clearly drawn from male-authored lesbian literature itself. [Compare also the accusations of organized cults of lesbians in late 18th century France, such as the Anandrine Sect.] One feature of these literary lesbians is that only the “active” partner is considered a true lesbian--and is portrayed as masculine in nature and physically ugly--but they are mysteriously attractive to “normal” women. The title character of “Paul’s Mistress” commits suicide when his lover deserts him for one of these groups of lesbians, and as he is drowning his last vision is of his mistress in the arms of a woman “as though she had found a refuge in a closer and more certain affection, more familiar and more confiding.” This description is quite similar to those found in positive portrayals of Romantic Friends but here the context turns it sinister.

If the violence, jealousies, and disfunctionality of lesbian relationships in such literature was, indeed, drawn from observations of the demi-monde, then the same conclusions about evil and vice could also be made about the heterosexual relations in that part of society, but there was no similar movement among sensational authors to treat those as universal, just as there was little recognition among psychiatrists that the disfunctions they saw among their lesbian patients were found equally among heterosexual patients.

The middle and upper-class lesbians of late 19th century France such as Rosa Bonheur and Nathalie Micas lived lives that had no resemblance at all to the lesbians in sensational literature, but their type of lives weren’t reflected in the fiction of the time.

Accusations of lesbianism became a weapon for misogynists who saw any personal rejection by a woman as evidence for that woman’s sexual proclivities. August Strindberg’s A Madman’s Manifesto (1887) was basically a screed against his first wife’s feminist tendencies and desire to continue her professional activity, couched in over-the-top accusations of sexual activity with a wide variety of women in all manner of circumstances--activity that Strindberg claimed to have personally witnessed by spying on his wife over several years. Although his wife acknowledged having close passionate friendships with women, she didn’t consider them problematic and described them using the traditional language of Romantic Friendship.

The motif of the evil lesbian appears outside France in examples like Sheridan LeFanu’s vampire story “Carmilla” (1872), which uses a subtle parody of romantic friendship themes, interspersed with the tropes of French sensational novels. Some modern critics question whether LeFanu understood that his story was referencing lesbianism in particular (though from a modern viewpoint the equation appears obvious). Another non-French writer who inserted sinister themes into a story of passionate friendship is George Moore’s A Drama in Muslin (1886). The monstrosity of the lesbian character is symbolized by physical deformity, as well as being expressed in general antipathy toward men and love for women. Her orientation is explained as being congenital, caused by her mother’s hatred for sexual activity with her father. In contrast to positive or neutral depictions of passionate friendship, her beloved is shown as being uncomfortable with her expressions of love, and this anxiety is depicted as normal and expected. The protagonist eventually accepts being rebuffed and goes into a convent. The sentiments she expresses would have been unremarkable and framed positively in other works of the same era that still took a positive approach toward women’s friendships.

In America, anxiety about love between women starts appearing occasionally in the 1890s at a time when translations of the French decadent writers begin appearing. Doctors begin repeating second and third-hand accounts of lesbian orgies, whose details are modeled after the decadent writers. The sensationalized murder in 1892 of Freda Ward by her female lover “to make it sure that no one else could get her” was treated as proof that the sexologists were right about the inherent pathology of lesbianism. In 1893 an American doctor could write about how “morbid sexual love” between women started among schoolgirls. But it took a while for these ideas to dominate the discourse. In real life, 19th century America had a tradition of being accepting of cross-dressing and passing women, even when overtly connected with feminist sentiments. But in the 1890s Romantic Friendships began to be framed in fiction as morbid, connecting lesbianism with murder and portraying lesbian villains as assertive, feminist, intellectual and sophisticated. Yet at the same time, novels such as Diana Victrix (1897) could still present female romantic partnerships in a neutral or positive light.

LHMP entry type: 
LHMP #137 Faderman 1981 Surpassing the Love of Men

Faderman, Lillian. 1981. Surpassing the Love of Men. William Morrow and Company, Inc., New York. ISBN 0-688-00396-6

Project ID number: 
Project ID letter: 

II.B.4 Lesbian Evil


Ordinarily, my Project will skim over content from the 20th century. I'm going to continue covering the entirety of this book because the through-line of the argument is important. But the 20th century material will include fewer tags and more high-level summaries of the content.

Blog post: 
LHMP #137r Faderman 1981 Surpassing the Love of Men II.B.4 Lesbian Evil


The Renaissance City   


The Fontana del Nettuno in the Piazza della Signoria All artists and those lovers of art have a profound regard for the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance. Florence has always been one of my top cities to visit in the world, and I can honestly say that it is certainly one of the most beautiful places I have ever been. You can read about it's history here, but the better thing to do is visit for yourself. [...]


Sentimental Hogwash - The Best Radio You Have Never Heard Vol. 174   



Sentimental Hogwash - The Best Radio You Have Never Heard - Vol. 174

Short on hogwash. Long on sentiment . . .

1. One Big Holiday - My Morning Jacket Buy From iTunes
2. Light My FIre (live) - The Doors w/ Eddie Vedder Buy From iTunes
3. Hey Joe (rehearsal) - The Who
4. Preparation / Dunkirk (live) - Camel Buy From iTunes*
5. Strangeness and Charm - Florence + The Machine Buy From iTunes
6. Memoirs Of An Officer and a Gentleman - Emerson, Lake and Palmer Buy From iTunes
7. Little House I Used To Live In - Frank Zappa and The Mothers Of Invention
8.The Refrain - Relevant Discord Buy From iTunes
9. Manipulation - Genesis

The Best Radio You Have Never Heard
The official music podcast of the 99% . . .
Accept No Substitute


After The Endgame - The Best Radio You Have Never Heard Vol. 362   


NEW FOR MAY 1, 2019

After The Endgame - The Best Radio You Have Never Heard - Vol. 362

Cancel my subscription to the resurrection . . .

1. The Cinema Show (live) - Genesis w/ Bill Bruford Buy From iTunes*
2. America (live) - Crosby, Still & Nash
3. Wild Horses (live) - The Rolling Stones featuring Florence Welch Buy From iTunes
4. Stormy Monday (live) - Warren Haynes featuring Gregg Allman
5. Hello Sunshine - Bruce Springsteen Buy From iTunes
6. Magic Bus / I'm One (live) - Pete Townshend and Eddie Vedder
7. Determination - Todd Rundgren Buy From iTunes
8. All Over Now - The Cranberries Buy From iTunes
9. The Song Remains The Same / The Rain Song (live) - Led Zeppelin Buy From iTunes*
10. Layla (live) - Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, Jimmy Page, Bill Wyman, Charlie Watts et al
11. Daily Games / Exiles (live) - King Crimson
12. Speak (Bol) - Peter Gabriel w/ Atif Aslam Buy From iTunes
13. Away In India / Crossroads / When The Music's Over (live) - The Doors Buy From iTunes*
14. After The Ordeal (live) - Steve Hackett Buy From iTunes

The Best Radio You Have Never Heard
A feast of musical friends
Accept No Substitute

Click to join the conversation on the Facebook page.


Boletim Corporativo | Seu panorama semanal sobre o mercado tech (10/09 a 17/09)   


O Boletim Corporativo desta semana vem em clima de prodigalidade; de boa vontade demonstrada tanto por bilionários interessados em aumentar seu papel social quanto por seus inevitáveis críticos (boa parte deles bastante lúcida, sem dúvida).

Mesmo chacoalhando US$ 2 bilhões da carteira sobre o recém-criado Bezos Day Fund, Jeff Bezos ainda é lembrado como um dos poucos bilionários do setor tecnológico que não participa do movimento Giving Pledge. De quebra, ainda não falta que reclame das condições de trabalho na Amazon – fazendo sobrar poucos holofotes para a Apple e sua providencial ajuda de US$ 1 milhão para as vítimas do furacão Florence.

Mas vamos adiante, até encontrar outra figurinha carimbada neste editorial. Elon Musk voltou a ganhar manchetes, dessa vez por seu aceno involuntário a investidores millennials, todos aparentemente atraídos tanto pelo caráter disruptivo da Tesla quanto pelo comportamento errático do seu fundador; seja lá pelo motivo que for, as ações pós-tapa na pantera da montadora encontraram novos compradores entre a “geração Y”.

Siga o Canaltech no Twitter e seja o primeiro a saber tudo o que acontece no mundo da tecnologia.

Por fim, há também um novo programa de aceleração da Thomson Reuters, bem como resultados ambíguos do Nubank (ruins para o semestre, bons para o ano) – além de um previsível embate entre a Fitbit e a Apple, que agora também anda preocupada com a sua saúde. Sem mais, boa leitura.

Bilionários pródigos (ou “A oferta da viúva pobre”)

Como todo bilionário que se põe a doar uma parcela de seus copiosos dividendos, Jeff Bezos ganhou as mídias por duas vezes seguidas ao longo da última semana. Na primeira vez, por anunciar que depositaria US$ 2 bilhões no recém-criado Bezos Day Fund, um fundo para educação infantil e provimento de abrigos para pessoas necessitadas. Na segunda vez – inevitável -, porque alguém percebeu que US$ 2 bilhões são uma quantia irrisória diante de um patrimônio líquido estimado em US$ 163 bilhões.

Trata-se do mais recente eco do famoso causo bíblico chamado de “A oferta da viúva pobre”. Em suma, a quantia doada importa menos do que a proporção dela em relação ao todo – a despeito do efeito que o montante possa ter sobre os desvalidos muitas vezes. Para efeitos de comparação, a doação de Jeff Bezos seria equivalente a R$ 36 mensais doados mensalmente por alguém com renda mensal de R$ 3 mil. Mais ou menos dinheiro? Maior ou menor exemplo moral? A filantropia é uma verdadeira roda viva, não resta dúvida.

Entre a cruz e a espada: como bancar o humanitário quando se é apontado como agente precarizador da mão de obra? Será preciso que o "homem mais rico da história moderna" ceda bem mais do que US$ 2 bilhões a fundos de caridade. (Imagem: reprodução/Amazon).

Também não demorou a ressurgir a questão de que o “homem mais rico da história moderna” não consta entre os pródigos signatários do Giving Pledge, espécie de compromisso de doação no qual constam Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg e Warren Buffett. De quebra, Bezos ainda enfrenta diversas acusações relacionadas às condições de trabalho em instalações da Amazon. De fato, nem sobrou muito espaço para o US$ 1 milhão doado por Tim Cook às vítimas do furacão Florence.

A Tesla ganha uma âncora nos millennials

Sem dúvida tem muito investidor profissional torcendo o nariz para a Tesla e para as descomposturas de Elon Musk. Se isso já era verdade quando se iniciou a novela do suposto fechamento de capital, tornou-se ainda mais óbvio quando o Sr. Musk resolveu experimentar marijuana em um programa ao vivo – resultando em uma debandada de grande parte da cúpula da fabricante.

Curiosamente, entretanto, talvez tenha sido essa postura que tornou a ação da Tesla em uma das mais populares entre investidores millenials. A chamada “Geração Y”, composta por nascidos após os anos 2000 (ou durante os anos 1980 e 1990, dependendo da vertente sociológica), levaram os papéis da Tesla a ocuparem a segunda posição entre os mais comprados da corretora Robin Wood durante as últimas duas semanas, com 11.316 compradores adquirindo ações. Um aumento de 13% em relação à semana pré-tapa na pantera.

Ações da Fitbit despencam após anúncio do Apple Watch Series 4

A Fitbit assistiu às suas ações despencaram 7% logo que o novo Apple Watch Series 4 foi apresentado pela Apple no evento do dia 12 de setembro. Não por acaso, já que a nova versão do smartwatch da Maçã surgiu com a promessa de morder uma fatia considerável do mercado da fabricante de wearables — a dos gadgets focados em ajudá-lo a cuidar da própria saúde.

Anunciado por US$ 399, o Series 4 inclui de um tudo, desde um eletrocardiograma até um detector de quedas bruscas que disca automaticamente para números de emergência. Por outro lado, a Fitbit tem o novo Charge 3, pulseira que é capaz de detectar apneia durante o sono e também batimentos cardíacos irregulares e ainda promete continuar a desenvolver e a “validar clinicamente” novas funções – enquanto foca nos 80% dos donos de smartphones pelo mundo que utilizam o Android. Sim, os investidores podem ter se precipitado.

De repente, a Apple decide também se tornar uma guardiã da sua pressão arterial, incluindo até um eletrocardiograma e um detector de quedas bruscas... É claro que sobraria para as ações da Fitbit. (Imagem: reprodução/Apple).

Senacom multa Vivo, Oi e Claro em R$ 9,3 milhões por SVAs

O chamados SVAs (Serviços de Valor Adicionado) renderam uma despesa salgada à Vivo, à Oi e à Claro durante a última semana. A Secretaria Nacional do Consumidor (Senacon) aplicou no último dia 12 multas individuais de R$ 9,3 milhões às três operadoras. Segundo despachos publicados no Diário Oficial da União, os valores têm por base cobranças ilegítimas e devem ser depositados no Fundo de Defesa de Direitos Difusos.

Os textos também determinam que, em caso de prática reiterada por parte das operadoras, o “DPDC poderá determinar a suspensão temporária da atividade, nos termos do inciso VII do artigo 56 do Código de Defesa do Consumidor”. Já a fiscalização se dará mediante os registros do site e também nos índices do Sistema Nacional de Defesa do Consumidor (Sindec). O processo segue agora para a Superintendência de Seguros Privados (Susep) e também para a Anatel.

Bitcoin e a “corrida do ouro” virtual

Antes de qualquer coisa, convém fazer justiça: as criptomoedas podem mesmo representar um formato novo de capitalização, cujo principal chamariz é a descentralização de processos antes exclusivos de instituições bancárias e financeiras. No entanto, é difícil negar que o furor envolvendo, por exemplo, o Bitcoin acabou por transformar balcões de criptonegociação em uma arapuca para investidores deslumbrados – boa parte composta por amadores em uma nova “corrida do ouro”.

Como resultado, estima-se que aproximadamente US$ 400 bilhões tenham sido varridos de contas pessoais, de fundos de investimentos e dos colchões de todo tipo de investidor desde janeiro deste ano. E nisso se inclui mesmo todo tipo de gente: dos investidores profissionais afeitos a análises e orgulhosos de suas predições sobre as flutuações do mercado mobiliário até o amador que simplesmente vislumbrou uma forma rápida de multiplicar suas posses. No momento em que este texto é escrito, o Bitcoin é cotado em US$ 6.350,39; bem distante dos US$ 20 mil atingidos ao final do ano passado.

Wall Street de olho nas criptomoedas

Wall Street anda fechando o cerco às criptomoedas. Basicamente, a ideia é que se ativos como o Bitcoin podem ser distribuídos, vendidos e trocados de forma análoga a títulos convencionais, então eles deveriam ser tratados dessa forma. De fato, criptomoedas hoje podem ser utilizadas em uma miríade de transações comerciais em franca expansão. Um indício dessa nova postura pode ser percebido por uma série de ações tomadas recentemente por órgãos reguladores de Wall Street.

Pelo menos duas entidades reguladoras de valores mobiliários investiram companhias focadas na negociação de criptomoedas. Enquanto Tim Ayre vendia suas HempCoins com lastro em ações da Rocky Mountain Ayre – embora sem registro de título mobiliário –, a TokenLot e o fundo Crypto Asset Management resolveram pagar penalidades para não estender ainda mais por corretagem ilegal e propaganda enganosa, respectivamente.

Os fornecedores da Apple e os tweets de Donald Trump

Os tweets inflamados de Donald Trump fizeram novas vítimas na semana passada. Diversos fornecedores de componentes para produtos da Apple tiveram suas ações derrubadas depois de uma “alfinetada” de Donald Trump direcionada a Cupertino. Em mensagem via Twitter, o presidente dos EUA afirmou que a gigante de tecnologia deveria fabricar seus produtos nos limites do país, caso realmente queira evitar as onerosas tarifas sobre produtos chineses.

Em números levantados pela agência de notícias Reuters, a troca de farpas fez cair em aproximadamente 10% as ações de companhias como a Luxshare Precision, a Shenzhen Sunway Communication e a Suzhou Dongshan Precision Manufacturing. Já os papéis da Lens Technology, da Universal Scientific Industrial Xangai e da Suzhou Anjie Technologie recuaram entre 6% e 8% e as da da Foxconn e da Pegatron caíram 3,4% e 4%, respectivamente. Isso entre várias outras asiáticas.

Acionistas processam a Volkswagen em €9 bilhões por escândalo do Dieselgate

A malandragem da Volkswagen com os órgãos de regulação dos EUA ainda deve dar muita dor de cabeça. A empresa agora pode ter que desembolsar mais alguns bilhões de euros para reparar o estrago deixado pelo chamado “Dieselgate” – o escândalo envolvendo emissão de poluentes em carros da marca fabricados entre 2009 e 2015. Dessa vez, quem pede reparação é um grupo de acionistas institucionais que diz ter sido lesado pela tramoia feita pela Volks para enganar órgãos de regulação estadunidenses.

Adulterar o softwares da injeção eletrônica para enganar órgãos regulamentadores de gases poluentes deve ter parecido uma grande ideia lá em 2015... Uma ideia que se torna cada vez mais cara. (Imagem: reprodução/Volkswagen).

Liderados pela Deka Investment, os investidores encaminharam 1.670 demandas, nas quais pedem o total de €9 bilhões como reparação por danos financeiros. Segundo os queixosos, a companhia deveria ter avisado seus acionistas da manobra, a fim de que pudessem evitar o tombo financeiro. De fato, as ações da Volkswagen caíram 37% logo após o esquema ter sido revelado pela Agência de Proteção Ambiental dos EUA. Em nota, a montadora alemã afirmou que os membros do conselho repassaram todas as informações que possuíam na ocasião.

Thomson Reuters procura taxtechs e comextechs para programa de aceleração

A Thomson Reuters anunciou uma nova busca por startups focadas em soluções tributárias, fiscais e para o comércio internacional. Trata-se da segunda edição do Accelerator Day for Taxtech e Comextech, fruto da parceria com a Associação Brasileira de Lawtechs & Legaltechs (AB2L) e com a Campinas Tech.

As empresas podem ser de qualquer região do Brasil, bastando que efetuem a inscrição até o dia 16 de setembro na página do evento. Oito semifinalistas serão escolhidas no período entre 17 a 27 de setembro, sendo duas para cada área do programa. Ao final do processo, as selecionadas receberão apoio técnico da Thomson Reuters por um período de três meses.

O tombo de R$ 50 milhões do Nubank

O Nubank revelou recentemente um prejuízo líquido semestral de quase R$ 51 milhões. Trata-se de uma perda 30% maior do que a registrada no mesmo período de 2017, quando a startup perdeu R$ 38,9 milhões. Entretanto, a fintech afirma que o resultado anualizado representa uma melhora em 13% se comparado com o prejuízo de R$ 117 milhões que foi registrado no final de 2017. Ademais, o escritório recentemente aberto em Berlim também parece de bom agouro.

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Dr Florence HUT   


Directrice médicale
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Bac Philo – Chapitre II.5. L’Histoire – Fiche n° 3. Rousseau, “Dans la tête de l’historien”   


Source : David, Michel-Ange – Galleria dell’Accademia, Florence – Photo @dsirmtcom, août 2014 Les leçons de Philosophie – Bac Philo – Partie II. La Culture – Chapitre 5. L’Histoire – Fiche […]


Kunst in de Cinema   


Kunst in de Cinema Florence Van Thielen Sun 03/04/2016 - 20:34
dwars nr
Bron/externe fotograaf

Als hardwerkende en voortdurend drukbezette student is het vaak moeilijk om artistieke kennis op te doen. Om helemaal mee te zijn met de belangrijkste kunststromingen uit onze wondere geschiedenis biedt Kinepolis Antwerpen een antwoord op dit vaak voorkomend ‘probleem’. Van januari t.e.m. juni kan je daar terecht voor Kunst in de Cinema.


Kinepolis werkt hiervoor samen met de succesvolle organisatie Exhibition On Screen die een reeks films heeft gemaakt over het leven van bijzondere kunstenaars en hun boeiendste meesterwerken. Zo krijg je een exclusieve kijk op het leven van de kunstenaar, zijn ideeën, romantische mijmeringen of eerder duistere gedachten, zijn werkinstrumenten en technieken. Over de werken zelf laten tal van kunstcritici hun licht schijnen, ze maken je wegwijs door de ontwikkelingen van de kunstenaars en hun belangrijkste inspiraties!


De tweede voorstelling ging over Francisco Goya, een Spaanse schilder uit de late 19de eeuw die vaak binnen de romantiek wordt geplaatst maar zeker ook elementen in zijn werk meedraagt van het nakende realisme en zelfs een startsignaal betekent voor de moderne kunst. Zijn werken zijn zo uiteenlopend dat hij door kenners wordt omschreven als een ‘universum op zich’.


Op donderdag 28 april en zondag 1 mei komt de Franse schilder Renoir aan bod. Wie interesse heeft in zijn meest impressionante impressionistische werken kan alvast een ticketje kopen! Laat je zintuigen prikkelen door het wonderlijke kleurenpalet waar Renoit om bekend staat!


Florence Harding: The Lost Decade   


Florence Harding was a woman with deep secrets. Florence Kling: Lonely, Angry Girl Florence Kling (1860-1924) was born to Amos Kling, a middle-class businessman in Marion, Ohio, just as the Civil War was getting underway. She was eldest, with two … Continue reading


79: Kent C. Dodds - Building Reusable React Components with Render Props   


In this episode, Adam talks to Kent C. Dodds about building downshift, a React autocomplete component he designed for experiences he needed to build at PayPal. Kent gives a behind-the-scenes look at how the library uses the render prop pattern to allow maximum customizability without complex configuration.




97: Ryan Florence - Building Accessible UI Components   


In this episode Adam talks to Ryan Florence about the challenges of making custom UI components accessible, and how Ryan is trying to make that easier with Reach UI.

Topics include:

  • How modern JS frameworks have made the web less accessible
  • How Reach UI is making it easier for people to build accessible components without sacrificing customizability
  • The importance of using the correct markup
  • How focus trapping works
  • Adding keyboard navigation to components in a way that makes sense for screenreader users
  • The challenges of building an accessibility-focused UI library


  • Rollbar, sign up at to try their Bootstrap Plan free for 90 days
  • Cloudinary, sign up and get 300,000 images/videos, 10GB of storage and 20GB of monthly bandwidth for free



Why Don't You Go Eat With Tiger?   


My apologies, this episode had been delayed.   Holidays and other life crap.  But finally it's the episode you've all been waiting for!  The next one!

Here are some of the topics:

Hooters and Jiggers, Alien Pyramids, Lunar Gas Stations, Darth Maul Clones, Marvel Comics, Sarah Silverman, Joe Franklin, Lucy Liu, Mrs. Brady, Florence Henderson, Wesonality, Fidel Castro, Ron Glass, Barney Miller, Firefly, Serenity, our infamous quizzes, and Abe Vigoda gets a quick mention.  #abevigodalives 

Okay, also, the sci-fi world was recently rocked by the death of Carrie Fisher, and what kind of episode do we put out?  RIP Mrs. Brady!  D'oh.  Sorry about that.  Chuck and I will do a Carrie Fisher episode soon.  She and her mother Debbie Reynolds were both forces to be reckoned with.  We hope they are both together on their journey to the next step.

Hope the song at the end of this episode will cheer you up. 

Thanks for listening!  Please give us a rating on iTunes!




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Also, want a GLC t-shirt?  Chuck and I will get one to you at cost.



Comment on Le Murate, Firenze by ArtsKaleid    


Looks like a fabulous space for Acts of Attending, we hope it goes very well and you have a wonderful time in Florence!


Florence, Italy   




Finding Lost Texts in Plain Sight   


Pro-tip: if a manuscript is catalogued as containing ‘extracts from Isidore of Seville’s Etymologies’, check if it really is that. Years ago, in a couple of related manuscripts in the Biblioteca Laurenziana in Florence, I found that a text described as ‘mostly from Isidore’ was actually a Lombard revision of Irish computistical and cosmological material […]

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2020-08-13 16:37:27